[fj.sys.next] NeXus Memo #8

kiss@flab.fujitsu.co.jp (Mitsuhiro Kishimoto) (06/26/91)


			NeXus Memo
		NeXT User Society in Japan
			Vol. 1 Issue 8
			91. 4. 24


	1. About NeXus	2

	2. Summary of the Ninth NeXus Meeting	3

	3. No Charge for Kanji Fonts: CANON's View	5

	A. NeXus Membership Application 	6

To Contact NeXus
	(1) e-mail:
		Internet:	NeXus-office@etl.go.jp
		juice:	ohashi@sunrise.ocean.juice.or.jp
		Nikkei-MIX:	shioya
		NIFTY:	PFC02015(Ogawa), PDG03047(Yamada) 

	(2) Facsimile:
		+81-3-3351-0880 (Shioya, SRA, Inc.)

	(3) Snail mail:
		NeXus Office c/o Ohashi Clinic
		4-4-2, Ebara, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142 JAPAN

NeXus Memo:

The English version of the NeXus Memo (what you are reading) is
formatted on a NeXT cube using WriteNow and is printed on the NeXT
Laser printer.

The Japanese version is produced on a NeXT cube with a 330 MB hard
disk using XNeXT, kterm, nemacs and JLaTex (ASCII version) and printed
on a LaserWriter II NTX-J which has Kanji fonts. The equipment is
networked by Ethernet and Appletalk bridged with FastPath4.
English version editors: Mitsuhiro Kishimoto, Kaoru Ozawa, Masana
Harada and Teruo Utsumi.

The NeXus Memo is copyrighted by NeXT User Society in Japan and each
article is copyrighted by its author. Copying and distribution of
NeXus Memo are permitted without charge.

Copyright (C) 1991 by NeXT User Society in Japan (NeXus)

1. About NeXus

NeXus is a non-profit organization to facilitate collaboration among
members and to collect and exchange NeXT and NeXT related information. 
The main topics we cover are:

	- Easy-to-use, superior human interface
	- Integrated network environment for interpersonal computing
	- Graphical and multimedia applications
	- Advanced object-oriented programming environment.

Our mother ship is a NeXT computer (NeXT station and cube). We,
however, do not restrict our activities to NeXT. Other advanced
high-tech computers are also of interest. We are the first NeXT user
group in Japan and Asia. One of our principal interests is using
Japanese on the NeXT computer. We have local activities in mainly the
Tokyo area and our meetings are open to the public. We place our
newsletters on worldwide ftp sites to distribute them freely. NeXus is
not affiliated with any company. Enthusiastic volunteers support
NeXus. We welcome your contributions.

NeXus Activities:


Monthly meetings are held on the 4th Wednesday of each month starting
from 7:00 p.m. The meetings are open to the public. The guest fee is
1,000 Yen, including the latest NeXus Memo.


We publish a monthly NeXus Memo and quarterly Newsletter. NeXus Memo
is distributed at every monthly meeting. You can also ftp NeXus Memo
from ETL (etlport.etl.go.jp or SRA (srawhb@sra.co.jp The third issue of NeXus Quarterly is due in July.

Special Interest Groups:

We have several SIGs: Japanese, Mathematica, Graphical Human
Interface, Mach OS, Programming, Object-oriented Programming,
Networking, and others. If you are interested in any of these, please
contact the executive staff.

Software Library:

We have a publicly distributable software library on MO disks and a
video library.


Currently we run mailing-list (NeXus-mail@sra125.sra.co.jp) on JUNET. 
We are talking on a NeXT news group of JUNET named 'fj.sys.next' and
'FCSALON' forum of NIFTY-Serve.  Other Activities:

We contact and exchange information with overseas user groups, contact
with NeXT Computer Inc., Canon group (distributor in Japan), and other
third party developers. We are planning to have seminars and

Executive Committee & Volunteers:
	Kazunori Shioya, Katsuhiro Ohashi, Syuichi Tashiro, Yoshio Yamada,
	Mitsuhiro Kishimoto, Shouichi Hachiya, Kazuyuki Inoue,
	Taketosi Mori, Hironobu Suzuki, Norimasa Yamagishi, 
	Kenichi Yanase, Kaoru Ozawa, Masana Harada


 A one year NeXus membership includes four issues of our newsletter,
NeXus Quarterly, and 12 monthly NeXus Memos. You can pick them up at
monthly meetings or, if you miss any meeting, you can receive them by
snail mail. The first fiscal year started in October '90 and will end
in September '91. Members joining NeXus in the middle of the fiscal
year will get back issues of NeXus Memo and NeXus Quarterly. You also
get access to our software and video library with only shipping and
handling charges. There are four types of memberships: regular,
student, overseas, and corporate. An application form for regular,
student, and overseas membership can be found at the end of this memo.

2. Summary of the Ninth NeXus Meeting

					Written by Katsuhiro Ohashi
					Translated by Kaoru Ozawa
Date: March 27, 1991
Place: SRA Yotuya
Attendance: About 42

This time, we set up a NeXTstation (slab) and NeXTcube with a 68040
board running OS 2.0. We discussed many topics, while having
demonstration on the slab and cube.


"FileViewer" is the function previously called "Workspace Manager". 
While the lower part of its window has not changed, there is a part
called "Shelf" in the upper part. In Shelf, you can place the folder
(directory) you want quick access to by selecting icons. FileViewer
makes it possible to copy files in one window. In the past you needed
two Workspace Manager windows to do so.

The Formatter for Adding Hard Disk

Under OS 2.0, the SCSI driver in the kernel issues the Inquire
command, and checks the length of blocks, sectors and cylinders of the
disk automatically. Therefore, disktab is not required except for
disks which are unformatted even under lower level or is not
installing Inquire command. If a user wants to make partitions in a
disk, he also needs to prepare /etc/disktab describing the partitions.


The speed of animation, e.g., moving around windows or scrolling text,
has become incredibly faster on the 68040 NeXT than before.


There are two buttons named "NeXTmail" and "non NeXT mail." The "non
NeXTmail" button deletes TIFF or sound data and creates the mail
containing only text. This is for mail sent to workstations other than
NeXT. Implementation of NeXT mail is as follows. In the NeXT mail,
there is a line called "NeXT attachment" at the top of the mail
(called mail header), then the contents of the mail (mail body)
follows as unencoded data. Mail received in this way automatically
creates the directory whose name are derived from the name written in
the header. Then the content of the mail is stored in that file.

In OS 1.0, the command file or TIFF file pasted in a mail could be
copied from mail directly by mouse dragging. Thus, we were forced to
dig in the directories in the mail by using a shell in the terminal
window, then move the file in the appropriate directory. In OS 2.0,
however, we can move such files by a mouse.

Unless you select "compact" in the mailbox, mail is not erased even if
you intend to do so. In case you place files into the recycler, you
can erase the files by clicking "Destroy" in a menu.

Terminal Window

The terminal which does not support vi is included in the Workspace
Manager. We can call it by holding down Control-Shift-U from the
keyboard. The application terminal now supports standard vi and can do

The new feature Inspector included in the Tools menu of the Workspace manager is quite useful. The Inspector enables one to view or change the permission of files in the Attributes-Inspector mode. In the Contents-Inspector mode, it shows a miniatur