[ut.chinese] Nov. 9

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (11/09/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Nov. 9 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

Headline News ........................................................... 75
1.  Moderates May Fill Vacancies In Politburo ........................... 81
2.  Pentagon Will Analyze Chinese Policy after Tiananmen Incident ....... 14

Headline News
 (1)  Two  Chinese diplomats were reported missing yesterday by their embassy
      in  Pakistan.   the  missing diplomats,  both  Chinese  Moslems,   were
      identified  as second secretary  Mr Abdul Karim amd cultural attache Mr
      Rehman  Anwar.  The pair's disappearance comes almost a week before the
      official visit on November 14 of Chinese Premier Li Peng
                               [From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net (Chan Ki Wa)]
                               [Source: Hongkong Standard, 11/06/89]

 (2)  About 50 Chinese, students and people of local communicty, in Minnesoda
      say  that the foundation of FDC Minnesoda division will be declaired in
      Dec.   10.  Also,  The Bay Area division and south California divisions
      will  make  their  announcements in  this  month,   respectively.   The
      Minnesoda division will be the first FDC division in the U. S.
                                       [From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)]
                                       [Source: World Journal, 11/06/89]

 (3)  Several  Students at Iowa State University have discovered  that  their
      mails have been checked and cut.  The mails was deliberately opened and
      some  sections  were cut off,  such as the part following "Our unit  is
      conducting a political study....." and similar sentences describing the
      conditions  in China.  It seems that government is trying to block  the
      news  on the current situation of China from leaking to West.  Most  of
      reports  in the past about mail inspection discussed mostly on the mail
      sent from U.S to China but not otherwise.
                                       [Tang@alisuvax.bitnet (D. Tang)]

 (4)  The  People's  Daily reminds people not to pass national  documents  to
      those  democracy movement people.  The newspaper announced the names of
      14  working units and 24  individuals for keeping national secrets.  It
      stated  that  these people see national secrets as more important  than
      their life.  A  week ago,  The Beijing  Daily  reported how a driver of
      Beijing Radio Station kept CCP's documents from being taken away by the
      people stopped his car in the second day of martial law. The matial law
      army  also  awarded flags to 88  working units for their supports.  The
      Beijing people have to submit 3 millions dolars (RMB) and 5.8  millions
      food (kg) to the martial law army.
                                       [From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)]
                                       [Source: World Journal, 11/06/89]

 (5)  According  to source from Hong Kong,  there have been so far  about  40
      pro-democray  movement  poeple,   who tried to flee to  aboard,   but
      failed and being arrested in the City of Shen Zheng.
                                       [From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)]
                                       [Source: World Journal, 11/06/89]

 (6)  Following news was told by a visiting scholar just arrived the US:  1>.
      According to the president of his university,  the CCP regime will  cut
      the university freshmen population further by 70,000 next year. Reason
      is  that  many  working units are not willing  to  accept  new  college
      graduates.  2> Very  few undergraduates want to take on grduate studies
      in China.   3> Because of the economic difficulties, many factories are
      only  operating at half of their production capacities.   Managers  are
      more than happy if someone volunteers to quit his/her job.
                                       [From: yshet%SDPH2@ucsd.edu]

 (7)  The  Hungarian  parliament  has  approved  a  measure  for  holding   a
      referendum  on November 26,  to let the people decide whether  the  new
      Republic's  President  will be elected by the people directly or to  be
      elected  by  the  Paliament.  If the people favor a  popularly  elected
      President,  the Presidential election will be held on January 7 of next
      year, before the scheduled multi-party parliamentary election.
         [From: YAWEI%AQUA.DECnet@iuvax.cs.indiana.edu (Mr. Yawei)]
         [Source: Radio Free Europe -- Radio Liberty Daily Reports, 11/02/89]

 (8)  BERLIN - East Germany's Communist government Monday published the draft
      of  a new law allowing citizens 30  days a year of free travel  in  the
      West.   But 19,000  East Germans joined the westward stampede over  the
      weekend.   A  Cabinet  minister  urged  the  Communist  Party's  ruling
      Politburo  to  resign,   and activists planned to  stage  another  pro-
      democracy rally  in Leipzig Monday night.  Freedom of travel has been a
      major  demand of East Germans who  have taken to the streets  over  the
      past  month to protest decades of authoritarian rule.  About 1  million
      rallied in  East Berlin Saturday in the largest protest in the nation's
      40-year history.
                              [From: yawei@rose.bacs.indiana.edu (Mr. Yawei)]
                              [Source: Associated Press, 11/06/89]

1.  Moderates May Fill Vacancies In Politburo
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net (Chan Ki Wa)
[SOurce: SCMP, 11/06/89]

By Willy Wo-Lap Lam

    Chinese sources say that if,  as is likely,  the Central Committee plenum
decides  to fill the three Politburo seats left vacant since the spring,   Mr
Zhu Rongji,  mayor and party boss of Shanghai, and Mr Zou Jiahua, Minister of
Machinery and Electronics Industry, have excellent chances of being promoted.

    The original 18-member Politburo,  which was voted into office during the
13th  party  congress  in late 1987,  has lost  three  members.  Former  pary
General-Secretary Hu Yaobang died on April 15.  Mr Zhao Ziyang, another party
chief,  and  Mr Hu Qili,  a  liberal  ideologue,  were dismissed  from  their
positions in the fourth plenum in late June.

    Both  Mr Zou and Mr Zhu have reputations as  moderate technocrats.  While
ideologically conservative,  they are deemed by Western analysts as committed
to the reform and open door policy.

    An engineering graduate from the elite Qinghua University,  Mr Zhu,   60,
has  been mayor of Shanghai since 1987  and party boss since last June,  when
his predessor Jiang Zemin was promoted to General-Secretary.

    Since   tradionally,    the  party  bosses  of  China's  three   directly
administered cities - Beijing,  Shanghai and Tianjin - are entitled to places
on the Politburo, Mr Zhu's promotion is widely expected.

    In recent speeches,  he has called on Beijing "not to roll back  existing
reform policies"  unless they have been proven through exhaustive experiments
to be detrimental to the economy.

    A  popular  politician  in his home base,  Mr Zhu has  won  international
acclaim for simplifying procedures for foreign companies that want to set  up
business in China.

    Mr  Zhu's rising star is attested to by the fact that he was the  lowest-
ranking leader that former Rresident Richard Nixon met last week.

    Head  of the "super-ministry"  of machinery and electronics  since  early
1988,  Mr Zou Jiahua,  a Soviet-trained engineer,  is considered a shade more
conservative   than   Mr  Zhu.  A  former  head  of  the  defence  industrial
establishment,   Mr Zou  favours central planning and more emphasis on  heavy

    However, Western businessmen who have worked with Mr Zou say that if only
because  Chinese industry needs Western technology to survive,  Mr  Zou  will
insist on continued economic links with the capitalistic world.

    Son-in-law of Marshal Ye Jianying,  Mr Zou is also tipped to be  promoted
to vice-premier should a vacancy fall open, most likely early next year.

    Mr  Zou's growing influence is evident fromt the fact that he is the most
senior  official  to  have been invited to visit the West since  the  June  4
Tiananmen  Square crackdown.   The 63-year-old minister is due to visit Japan
next January.

    Western  diplomats say that hard-liners within the party are pushing  the
candidature of police chief Wang Fang and Beijing mayor Chen Xitong.  Both Mr
wang  and Mr Chen played key roles in suppressing the  "counter-revolutionary
rebellion" in June.

    A  protege  of  patriarch  Chen Yun  and  of Qiao Shi,  a  member of  the
Politburo  Standing Committee,  Mr Wang has won the respect of the party  for
the  efficient  way  in  which the  security  establishment  has  rounded  up
dissidents and other disaffected members of society since June 4.

    In addition,  sources say, President Yang shangkun, who is also executive
vice-chairman  of  the Central Military Commission,  is grooming his  brother
Yang Baibing to be an alternate member of the Politburo.

    Who  will be inducted says a lot about the remaining influence of  senior
leader  Deng  Xiaoping.  Analysts say that if the patriarch still  wants  his
reform program  to continue,  he will have to use his formidable influence to
promote officials such as Mr Zhu Rongji.

    The  elevation  of hard-liners such as Mr Wang Fang and Mr  Yang  Baibing
into the party's highest council,  however,  could confirm the decline of the
Communist Party's liberal faction and spell a virtual end to reform.

    Political  souces in Beijing say it is unlikely that the plenum will vote
on the retirement of Mr Deng from his only remaining post of Central Military
Commission (CMC) chairman.

    While  Mr  Deng had hoped to anoint Mr Jiang Zemin as his  CMC  successor
within  this  year,  the fact that Mr Jiang lacks military credentials  means
that  the changing of the guard is likely to be postponed to the  next  party
plenum in 1990.

2.  Pentagon Will Analyze Chinese Policy after Tiananmen Incident
From: chan@joe.CSS.GOV (Winston Chan)    <Originally posted on HKNET>
[Source: Commerce Business Daily]

    The  Defense Supply Service-Washington,  Pentagon intends to negotiate  a
follow-on effort with Systems Planning Corporation to provide an analysis  of
Chinese  policy in the aftermath of the Sino-Soviet summit and the  Tiananmen
incident.  This analysis will explore and assess possible changes in  Chinese
foreign policies and perception in the aftermath of:

    (1) the May Sino_Soviet summit,
    (2) the June 4 Tiananmen Incident and subsequent political repression,
    (3) the leadership reshuffle in Beijing, and
    (4) the deterioration in China's relations with Western countries,
        including the U.S.

    The  project will also examine any implications of any changes in Chinese
policies   and  perceptions  for  American  defense  policy  and  the  future
management fof the U.S. military relationship with China.

|  Executive Editor:  Deming Tang          E_mail:  Tang@ALISUVAX.bitnet    |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (11/09/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Nov. 9 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                    # of Lines
1)  East German Government Resigns: Protest Continue .................... 64
2)  Ten People In Guizhou Province Have Been Arrested ................... 16
3)  Protesters March As Well On Soviet Revolution Day ................... 43
4)  Guangdong Halts Foreign Building Deals .............................. 77

1.  East German Government Resigns: Protest Continue
From: Tang@alisuvax.bitnet  (Deming Tang)
[Source: Des Moines Register, 11/08/89]

    EAST  BERLIN,   EAST  GERMANY --  East Germany's  40-year-old  Communist-
dominated  government,   struggling  to  stave  off  economic  and  political
collapse,   resigned en masse Tuesday and pleaded with those fleeing  to  the
West to remain in the country.

    More  than  100,000  people marched Tuesday for democracy  in  five  East
German cities.

    The 44-member Cabinet, called the Council of Ministers, resigned jointly,
said  government spokeman Wolfgang Meyer.  The council,  led  by  75-year-old
Premier Willi Stoph, implements policy made by the Communist Party Politburo.

    More than 28,000 East Germans have fled to West Germany through neiboring
Czechoslovakia since Saturday -- they arrived Tuesday at the rate of 200  per
hour.   About 175,000  more than 1 percent of the population,  have left  the
country this year by legal or illegal means.

    The Council of Ministers will remain in office until Parliament elects  a
new  one,  Meyer said,  but he did not say when that would occur.  The  party
Central Committee was to meet today to consider further changes.

    West  German political leaders in Bonn applauded  Tuesday's  resignations
but said only democratic reforms will quell unrest in the communist nation.

    Several Communist Party officials and three small parties allied with the
Communists urged the resignation of the Politburo itself, which met Tuesday.

    Leaders "should resign without any delay" to make way for a new Politburo
and government to carry out reforms,  said the newspaper Junge Welt, an organ
of the Communist youth organization.

    Egon Krenz,  who replaced his mentor Erich Honecker, 77,  as party leader
last  month,  has said five elderly Politburo members closely associated with
Honecker will be replaced by the end of the week. Two other Politburo members
lost their jobs when Krenz took over Oct. 18.

    The Politburo,  which normally has 21 members,  also discussed an "action
program"   Krenz  has  said would contain  sweeping  political  and  economic

    Guenter  Krusche,  a  senior Lutheran Church leader in East Berlin called
for immediate "secret and free elections" for a new government.

    About  5,000   people  marched in East Berlin on Tuesday to  demand  free
elections  and  challenge  the Communist monopoly on power.  Police  did  not
interfere with the protesters, who shouted: "All power to the people!"

    ADN,  the official news agency, said 50,000 people rallied in Wismar,  on
the  Baltic coast;  35,000  rallied in Nordhausen,  near Erfurt;  and  20,000
marched in Meiningen.

    Guntram  Ermann  of New Forum,  the largest opposition group,   told  the
Wismar crowd his organization seeks "peaceful transformation to a  democratic

    On Monday,  750,000 demonstrators marched, with about 500,000  in Leipzig

    East  German  leaders  have been promising democratic reforms  and  freer
travel  in hopes of halting unrest,  but the draft law appeared to satisfy no

    In  rejecting  the  law in its current form,  ADN  said,   the  committee
declared:   "The proposal does not meet the expectations of citizens...   and
will not achieve the political credibility of the state."

2.  Ten People In Guizhou Province Have Been Arrested
From: CHENH%ROSE.DECNET@iuvax.cs.indiana.edu      <Originally posted on SCC>
[Source: Associated Press, 11/07/89]

    BEIJING - Communist leaders met secretly Tuesday to  endorse a three-year
austerity plan.

    The  Chinese  people  were  told to brace for  several  years  of  ''hard
living'' as the country grapples with economic difficulties.

    Meanwhile, police reportedly arrested 10  people in the southern province
of Guizhou and accused them of trying to overthrow the government.

    The Legal Daily,  an official newspaper,  said the 10 are members of ''an
organized, planned and programmed counterrevolutionary group.''

    The  Communist  Party's  governing  Central  Committee  was  expected  tp
prescribe tighter  government  controls  over  the  economy and fewer market-
oriented reforms.

    That could mean the revival of the primacy of central planning,  restora-
tion  of  the  leadership of party members in factories and a  limit  in  the
growth of collective and private enterprise.

3.  Protesters March As Well On Soviet Revolution Day
From: Tang@alisuvax.bitnet  (Deming Tang)
[Source: Des Moines Register, 11/08/89]

    MOSCOW, U.S.S.R. -- An unprecedented march by 5,000 Muscovites protesting
the  Communist Party's monopoly on power was held her Tuesday as the  Kremlin
leadership  staged  a scaled-down version of the traditional  Revolution  Day
military parade in Red Square.

    The  72nd  anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution was  marred  in  other
Soviet cities by reported protests,  strikes and clashes with police.  It was
the first time since 1924,  when Josef Stalin was consolidating power in  the
aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death,  that the traditional holiday unity  was

    From  around the country came reports of unrest.  Official  parades  were
canceled in the restive republics of Armenia, Georgia and Moldavia.

    Activists  in  Moldavia said that thousands of would-be  protesters  were
dispersed --  and some of them beaten -- by police. In Armenia, as well as in
the  Baltic  republic of Latvia,  activists reported that  protesters  burned
Soviet flags.

    In  the Arctic city of Vorkuta,  coal miners who have been on strike  for
two  weeks joined the official celebration,  but carried banners with slogans
demanding  more  independence  and that the government  fulfill  promises  of
better living and working conditions.

    In Alma-Ata, capital of Kazakhstan, an anti-nuclear group campaigning for
an end to Soviet and American underground tests joined the local march,   and
in  Vilnius,  capital of Lithuania,  youth sought to stop tanks from parading
through the city.

    The  most  revolution event of Revolution Day began  Tuesday  morning  in
Moscow's northern section,  when 5,000  marchers wended their way through the
street  carrying  anti-government  banners,  taunting  police  and  chanting,
"Freedom, freedom," and "Away with the KGB."

    Police  made no attempt to interfere with the  unofficial  demonstration.
But  the marchers were blocked from approaching Red Square by barricades  and
lines of hundreds of militiamen.  "Shame, shame, shame," the marchers shouted
in unison. One young man ran up to the policemen in their gray greatcoats and
held up a banner that said, "Lies." The crowd cheered in approval.

    Walking under the traditional red banners and portrits of Lenin that have
festooned Moscow in recent days,  many demonstrators called for an end to the
Communist   Party's  leading  role  in  Society  and  the  passage  of   laws
guaranteeing freedom of the press.

4.  Guangdong Halts Foreign Building Deals
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.uu.net (Chan Ki Wa)
[Source: SCMP, 11/07/89]

    Guangdong  province,  China's southern economic showcase,  has decided to
halt  almost  all  foreign investment in property,  according  to  a  Chinese
Government document.

    Hongkong  property developers said the decision signalled a retreat  from
Beijing's  open  door economic policies championed by senior  Chinese  leader
Deng Xiaoping.

    The document,  issued in mid-September,  ordered an end to new foreign in
investment  in  property  and said the freeze would also apply  to  contracts
which had been signed already but where construction had not yet started.

    The only exception would be Taiwanese investment in industrial property.

    Hongkong-based  property  developers  confirmed they  had  heard  of  the
instruction contained in the document, which was obtained by the Reuters news
agency. Its authenticity was confirmed by a Chinese official.

    "It's  an about-turn for the current open door policy,"  said a  Hongkong
property consultant with long experience in the China market.

    China  opened  its  property  market when Shenzhen sold  land  leases  to
foreigners  throught auction in 1986.   Other provinces and cities in  China,
including Shanghai, Tianjin and Fujian province, quickly followed suit.

    Official  Chinese  figures  show  that as  of  March,   foreign  property
investment in Guangdong totalled US$2.44 billion.

    Another developer,  who has invested in many projects in China,  said  he
feared other Chinese provinces would follow Guangdong's lead.

    Hongkong  developers  said they believed Chinese authorities  had  become
increasingly  concerned  about  the  growth of  overseas  investment  in  the
property market.

    Chinese  leaders felt the benefits of overseas investment were outweighed
by problems of spiralling property prices.

    In  the  past year,  Guangdong province has halted foreign investment  in

    The  document  said  the latest decision had been taken  because  it  was
thought  that property investment was not the best use of foreign capital  in

    The  document  called on authorities in cities  and  counties  throughout
Guangdong  to  review  thoroughly  all  property  investment  by  foreigners,
including those from Hongkong, Macau and Taiwan. It said the review was to be
finished  by the middle  of  October  and results submitted to the provincial

    The Guangdong official said a number of cities and counties were  arguing
with  the  provincial  Government over the issue and had not yet  filed  thir

    Hongkong  developers said foreign investors were concerned mainly by  the
freeze on contracts already signed.

    There  were  no immediate estimates of the value of such contracts,   but
they are thought to be substantial.

    The  bulk  of Hongkong's manufacturing industry has  shifted  across  the
border  to  Guangdong  in recent years to take advantage of  relaively  cheap

    The  document said projects already under construction would  be  closely
monitored and handled on a case-by-case basis.

    Taiwanese investors, who have been active in the Chinese property market,
will be allowed to erect industrial buildings only.

    The  document said Chinese firms in partnership with Taiwanese  investors
would  have  to report the projects to the Government and approval  would  be
strictly controlled.

    A Hongkong property developer said: "I wonder how they can stop it.  They
have  leased out or auctioned many pieces of land in the past few years.   If
they stop it, nobody will believe that China will keep its opendoor policy."

|  Executive Editor:  Deming Tang          E_mail:  Tang@ALISUVAX.bitnet    |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (11/09/89)

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Cadada Service)

                       -- Nov. 9 (IV), 1989

  Deng Xiaoping resigned his post as CMC Chairman on 5th Plenum.  Jiang
Zheming got the post.

  From CNN news.

More about this are coming.
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu