[ut.chinese] Dec. 2

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/02/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 2 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
Headline News .....................................................  20
 1)  Traffic Accident Killed 22  ..................................  13
 2)  Woman Workers Are Being Poorly Treated  ......................  28
 3)  Devaluation Will Trap Foreign Exchange Certificates Holders ..  69
 4)  Polish Student Leader to Meet with IFCSS President ............ 26

Headline News

(1) A book called 'Recommentary on  The  River Elegy', which critisizes the
    TV film 'River  Elegy',  is  recently  published  in  China, China News
    Agency reports.     This  book  has been chosen as a political material
    for college students.
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 11/30/89

(2) A Democracy movement organization in  New York once again has collected
    over 10 thousands  signatures  and  will  submit  a  petition  to UN to
    protect Chinese people's  human  right.  Since  June, over 30 thousands
    signatures have been collected.

    The United Nation  will  discuss  the  issue  about China's human right
    situation  next  March. Chinses  representatives are trying to convince
    those  represenatives  from  developing  countries  not to discuss this
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 11/30/89

1.  Traffic Accident Killed 22
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source:  BEIJING (AP)   November 28, 1989

A  bus  plunged into a  river  in southern China, killing 22 passengers and
injuring seven, the Xinhua News Agency reported Tuesday.

The bus was carrying 29 people  when  it  fell off a bridge Sunday about 88
miles northeast of Naning, the capital of Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region,
Xinhua said.

The  injured  were rescued  by farmers and passers-by and hospitalized, the
official report said.

2. Woman Workers Are Being Poorly Treated
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   November 28, 1989

Women  are  being laid  off  and poorly treated under current state efforts
to  streamline workforces in factories,  according to a survey by the China
Women's Journal.

The  survey of northeast  China's  Liaoning  province found that many women
are  being  laid  off by factories that consider them surplus or redundant,
the  journal  said  in a   report   carried  by the official China Daily on

It said women were  the  victims  of  "optimum reorganization" of the labor
force, China's euphemism for laying off workers.

Very  few  people  are ever fired in the nation's state-run enterprises and
laid-off  workers usually    receive    their  base  pay. However, only 4.5
percent  of  laid-off  women continue to get bonuses, a substantial part of
incomes, and welfare benefits.

An  investigation made earlier  this  year  by the All-China National labor
Force  Commission  found  that  enterprises  considered 20 percent of their
employees  to  be  surplus or redundant, and 64 percent of them were women.
Women make up about 37 percent of the urban workforce.

Many  enterprises are  also  now  refusing  to hire women because maternity
leaves and early retirements drive up welfare costs.

3. Devaluation Will Trap Foreign Exchange Certificates Holders
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : SCMP Nov. 29. Wed.

[by David Chan]

Reports of  an  impending  devaluation  of  the  yuan  and the unpublicised
practice  of  limiting   the   conversion   of   China's  Foreign  Exchange
Certificates (FEC) into ohter currencies  have  caused a minor uproar among
those in possession of the FEC's.

The devaluation, which  the  Beijing  Government  has vehemently denied for
several months, is "a fact of  life", according to an economist analyst who
said the yuan is far overvalued.

According to reliable sources,  the  devaluation,  which  is expected to be
announced between a week and two  months,  is  to  be between 15 and 18 per
cent, far higher than the  previous  devaluation  of  nearly 16 per cent in
July 1986.

However, the devaluation  is  expected  to  be  of  considerable benefit to
Hongkong as about a quarter of its imports come from China.

Observers said that news of the impending devaluation of the yuan, which is
expected to affect  the  value  of  the  FECs  as  well,  may cause a minor
upheaval among many foreign corporates, which either maintain business with
China, have sole or joint ventures  on  the mainland and have large amounts
either tied up in FECs or in the local currency.

At the  same  time,  they  said  the  devaluation  is  inevitable given the
overheated economy over the past three  years  which the state has yet been
unable to contain.

The present malaise in  FECs  dates  back  to  the  early 1980s when it was
introduced both as an  inducement  to  foreign  tourists and as a safeguard
against local people acquiring  foreign  products  to  the detriment of the

However, as the reform policies developed, FECs, which were only allowed to
be circulated at a few designated points in a limited number of cities open
to foreigners, became de facto  legal  tender.    In most places, they even
superseded the yuan as many  foreign  products  could be acquired only with

At the same time, FECs  could  also  be  taken  out of the country while it
would be an offence to  do  so  with  yuan.    Hence there has been a large
amount of FECs in unofficial circulation outside China.

Since the June 4 Tiananmen crackdown,  there  has been a sharp reduction in
foreign  business  in  China  and,  with  the  departure  of  many  foreign
businessmen, there has been a  sudden  demand  to convert FECs into foreign

A fortnight ago, the authorities  imposed  a  ceiling on the amount of FECs
that could be exchanged into foreign currencies.

Even a devaluation of 18  per  cent,  a figure several reliable souces have
quoted, would be regarded  as  insufficient  as  the  price index for daily
commodities had gone up by more  than  30  per cent in many areas since the
last devaluation of the yuan three years ago, analysts said.

New Pacts signed:  Hongkong Standard Nov. 29 Wed.

Iran has  told  China  at  the  start  of  economic  talks  in Beijing that
convertible currencies would be  used  in  trade  between the two countries
from next  year.  According  to  an  agency  despatch  Iran  and China have
concluded agreements for the building of  dams and power plants.  They also
agreed to co-operate in  agriculture  and  in  the  peaceful use of nuclear

4.  Polish Student Leader to Meet with IFCSS President 

From: Ya Liu <liu@lpf.UMD.EDU>

IFCSS Liaison Office News Release  No. 30 Nov.30, 1989

        On  Sunday,  December 3, Mr. Mariusz Popielarz, a leading
activist  of  the Independent Student Association in Poland, will
be  invited  to  IFCSS  headquarters  office  to  meet with IFCSS
leaders.  The   purpose  of  the meeting is to establish a formal
relationship between IFCSS and Polish Independent Students' Asso-
ciation  and  also  to  arrange  for IFCSS' President to attend a
three-week  international student Jamboree in which visitors will
meet with Poland's prime minister and Lech Walesa.  Mr. Popielarz
has  been  engaged in Poland's democracy movement since 1983.  He
established  an  underground  magazine  "Impuls"  in 1987 and has
assumed many posts in student organizations.
 |  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Sat Dec  2 16:00:53 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/02/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 2 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

 Headline News  ..................................................  51
 1) Presidents In Beijing Universities Called For Help To St .....  50
 2) Bruce Morrison Said Bush Yielded To Beijing Presssure In Vet..  31
 3) E. Germany Eliminate Constitutional Guarantee Of Com  ........  56
 4) China Agriculture  ...........................................  26

Headline News

(1) A Catholic  organization  in  the  U.S.  reports  that another catholic
    father has been arrested by Chinese  government, for the father and his
    church  in  Hebe  province  refused  to  join  the  'Patriotic Catholic

    The report  says  that  in  April  this  year,  over  a  thousand armed
    policemen were send to the village church and arrested 30 church-goers.
    About 350 people  in  the  village  were  injured  in the conflict. The
    father fled away but was arrested in September in Beijing.
                                    From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                    Source: World Journal, 12/1/89

(2) About 10 Chinese students and aliens officially announced to derail any
    relationship with Chinese government.
                                    From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)
                                    Source: World Journal, 12/1/89

(3) While university priciples in the  U.S.  were signing the letter to Mr.
    Bush to protect Chinese students  in  the U.S., 10 university priciples
    in Beijing were also writing a joint letter to ask Mr. Bush not to sign
    HR2712, stating that the bill  would cause difficulties and damages for
    students in China.

    Official radio station in Beijing reported that letter.
                                     From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                     Source: World Journal, 12/1/89

(4) Chinses district attorneys are  authorized  to  strike and crakdown any
    antigovernment activities and mobs, according to China News Agency.
                                      From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)
                                      Source: World Journal, 12/1/89

(5) FDC's L.A. branch office  will  be  announced  on December 3rd. FDC has
    gradually set up its network in  the U.S. Preparations are also made in
    other 16 states and/or cities  such as Washington D.C., Boston, Huston,
    Seattle, Arizona, San Diego, ect. So far there have been 500 to 600 FDC
    members in the U.S.
                                       From: simone@NYSPI.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                       Source: World Journal, 12/1/89

(6) Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci,  who  won  affection of the world with
    her perfect 10 scores in the  1976 Montreal Olympics, has abandoned her
    apartment, car, and financial  security  in  Romania  and opted for the
    freedom in the West. She  crossed  into  Hungary 3 days ago and arrived
    today in the U.S.,  where  she  has been granted refugee status. She is
    among the tens of thousands  of  Romanians who have fled the oppressive
    regime in Bucharest in the last several months.
                                  From: yawei@aqua.bacs.indiana.edu
                                  Source: NY Times/AP

1. Presidents In Beijing Universities Called For Help To Stop The
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   November 30, 1989

Ten  Beijing university presidents  wrote  an open letter to their American
counterparts  to  help stop   legislation  allowing Chinese students in the
United States to prolong their stay, Xinhua reported late Thursday.

China's  official  news   agency    said the educators warned the Emergency
Immigration  Relief  Act  passed  by  Congress  "would  seriously  hurt the
feelings  of  the  Chinese  people and result in a strong reaction from the
Chinese government."

The  letter said  the  legislation  would  create enormous difficulties for
Chinese  universities  and jeopardize educational exchanges between the two
countries, Xinhua added.

President  Bush  said  Thursday   he    will   veto  the  measure, which is
intended  to  help  students who fear persecution in China. He said he will
extend the same protections through administration means.

Some  congressional  supporters  of    the    bill   said  they will try to
override the veto.

The  legislation  would  allow  the  nearly  40,000 Chinese students in the
United States to change their visa status  to stay for more than four years
and then allow them to apply for permanent residency.

Under  Chinese-U.S.  agreements, Chinese who study in the United States now
have  to  return   to  China  for  two  years once their studies end before
applying to the United States for a change in visa status.

The  U.S. bill came  after  a  crackdown  on dissent in China. Thousands of
Chinese  in  the  United  States  joined  demonstrations  or criticized the
Chinese  government  after  troops suppressed the pro-democracy movement in
Beijing in June.

The  Beijing  presidents'  letter    said    that  236 students from the 10
state-controlled  universities returned    from  abroad since June and were
"received  warmly  and  are being well looked after." The presidents denied
any persecution was going on in China.       Signers   included  presidents
from    Beijing      University,    Qinghua  University,    Beijing  Normal
University, Science and  Technology  University  and    other  institutions
that were centers  of  student  activism  during the pro-democracy movement
last spring.

The   Beijing   government    officially    protested  the  legislation and
threatened  "strong  response." It has not said if it might suspend student

2. Bruce Morrison Said Bush Yielded To Beijing Presssure In Veto
From: yawei@rose.bacs.indiana.edu (CND Correspondence)
Source: AP News

WASHINGTON - President Bush Thursday  said  he  was vetoing a bill to allow
Chinese students to remain in the U.S. after their visas expire.

He called the measure unnecessary  and  an infringement on his presidential

Bush said  in  a  statement  that  the  measure  was  unneeded  in light of
administrative steps he had taken to accomplish the same ends.

The president said he  was  directing  the  attorney  general ''to take the
steps necessary to extend administratively  to  all Chinese students in the
United States the same benefits'' that were in the rejected bill.

However, a congressional sponsor  of  the legislation, Rep. Bruce Morrison,
D-Conn., accused Bush of yielding to pressure from the Beijing government.

China had strongly opposed the measure.

Bush earlier criticized the  measure,  claiming  it was unneeded because he
already agreed to extend student visas in the aftermath of the government's
bloody crackdown on protesters in Tianenmen Square in June.

Congressional sponsors of the  measure,  however,  said that Bush's gesture
didn't go far enough.

Sponsors also said many of the 40,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S.
hadn't taken advantage of Bush's gesture.

3.  E. Germany Eliminate Constitutional Guarantee Of Communist Monopoly
From: yawei@rose.bacs.indiana.edu (CND Correspondence)
Source:  AP News

EAST  BERLIN  -  Parliament  Friday  voted  overwhelmingly  to  change  the
constitution and eliminate the  Commu-  nist Party's guaranteed monopoly on

This reform was demanded by the mass movement for democratic change.

With only about five lawmakers  abstaining, the rest of 500-member People's
Chamber appeared in a show of hands to approve the change.

The Communist-dominated  Parliament  had  been  expected  to  address a new
travel law.

Parliament speaker Guenther  Maleuda  opened  the  parliamentary session 40
minutes late to announce  that  the  party  leaders  had  met to change the
agenda and put the issue  of  Communist  domination as their first order of

East German politicians had been discussing  the need strike Article 1 from
the constitution, which guarantees the Communists a ''leading role.''

But no definite steps had been taken in that direction. Friday's action may
have been spurred by the  swift decision in neighboring Czechoslovakia this
week to repeal its  constitutional  provision guaranteeing the Communists a
monopoly on power.

The leader of one  of  the  numerous  small  parties allied with the ruling
Communists, Guenter Hartmann of  the  National  Democrats, told East German
television that all party leaders in  the  parliament agreed on the need to
consider a constitutional change.

Maleuda explained at the  start  of  the  East German parliamentary session
that a two-thirds majority of the  members'  votes was needed to change the

Such a revision  has  been  demanded  by  opposition  groups,  and even the
Communists have conceded they should give up the unfair advantage.

The agenda change temporarily took  attention away from a criminal investi-
gation into alleged  abuse  of  power  by  former  East German leader Erich
Honecker and other ousted officials.

Authorities Thursday stripped Honecker of immunity from criminal charges.

They began an investigation of  al-  leged  abuses of power by Honecker and
other disgraced Communist officials.

Authorities also sealed  off  a  country  estate  where  Honecker and other
ousted leaders have lived, apparently to prevent removal of evidence.

The moves were the strongest indications to date that the former leadership
will be made to account for alleged abuses.

4.  China Agriculture
From:    "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source:   BEIJING (AP)   November 30, 1989

China  plans to  produce a  record  412  million tons of grain next year as
the  state  puts  more land  into   cultivation  and  invests  more  in the
countrysie, Agriculture Minister He Kang said.

He  said at a meeting  Wednesday  that  grain production will be up from an
estimated  harvest  of 405 million tons this year, the official China Daily
reported Thursday.

He said  the  nation   also    hoped  to  produce up to 4.4 million tons of
cotton  next  year,  up  from  this  year's output of about 4 million tons.
Substantial  gains  are also planned in production of edible oils, meat and
fishery products.

The  minister  said  1.63    million  acres  of land will be put into grain
production, making the total 272  million  acres.        Following a record
grain harvest of 407 million tons  in  1984,  China has had  four  straight
sub-standard  crops,  a result  of  poor  weather and low state-set  prices
for grain that have discouraged  production.  Good weather has helped raise
output this year, but the harvest will still fall short of the 1984 figure.

Chinese  agricultural experts  say  the  nation  must increase output by at
least 10 million tons a year, to 500 million tons at the end of the decade,
just to keep up with population growth.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Sat Dec  2 16:53:25 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/02/89)

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          |    |    |     |  __ \/  |     --+--  |---     |  |---|  |
          I----+----I     | I__J/\  |     __|__  |  |     |  |---|  |
               |          | _____ \ |      /| \  |  |     |  L__-|  |
               I          I---------J     / J  \/   |     | V    |  J

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 2 (III), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
 Headline News  ...................................................   8
 1) "The Six Evils"  ..............................................  32
 2)  China Considers Passport Fee As Way To Stop 'Brain Drain'   ..  61
 3)  First Election With Legal Opposition Parties In Taiwan  ......  20 
 4)  China Faces Increasing Isolation  ............................  92

Headline News

(1) A  court in Tibet has  sentenced 11 Tibetans, including Buddhist monks,
    to prison terms  of    up    to  19  years for dissident activities and
    working for independence from  China,  the  official Chinese press said
                                  From: "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
                                  SOURCE: BEIJING (UPI) 12/01, 1989

1. "The Six Evils"
From:    "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
SOURCE: BEIJING (UPI)   December 01, 1989

Authorities  Friday   ordered  the city's prostitutes, gamblers, swindlers,
drug  traffickers  and pornographers   to surrender and inform on others or
face jail.

The order, announced by the  municipal  government in the Beijing Daily, an
official  newspaper,  was   the    latest  salvo in a campaign against what
officials have branded "the six evils."

The   "evils"   include      gambling,    prostitution,  drug  trafficking,
pornography,  selling  women  and  children,  and  swindling  through games
employing superstition.

Authorities  demanded  anyone    involved    in  the activities "stop right
away"  and  surrender  within  a  month.  Those  who turn themselves in and
confess  or  report  on other offenders "will be given lenient treatment or
not investigated," the statement said.

However,  the   announcement  warned,  anyone  who refuses to surrender and
continues the activities "will be punished severely," along with "those who
wink at or shield such activities."

It called on Beijing citizens  to  inform  on  anyone suspected of the "six
evils,"  saying  the  government  would "speak highly of them and give them
awards" for aiding in the capture of suspects.

"The  six evils  severely  poison  the  general social mood, disturb public
order  and  endanger the construction of cultural civilization, and must be
firmly checked, forbidden and banned," the statement said.

2. China Considers Passport Fee As Way To Stop 'Brain Drain'
From: wang@pennmess.physics.upenn.edu ( Huangxin Wang)
Source: The Chronical of Higher Education, A49, 11/29, 1989

[by Louise Branson]

Imposition of a passport fee  that  would all but eliminate the opportunity
for  privately  financed  university   students   to  go  abroad  is  under
consideration by Chinese  authorities,  according  to usually well-informed
university source here.

Details of the  new  requirement,  which  reportedly  would  take effect in
February, could not be  officially  confirmed.   But the university sources
said Chinese students seeking to  use private funds, including scholarships
from American universities, to  finance  their  education abroad could face
passport fees as  much  as  20,000  Chinese  yuan,  or  nearly  $5,400 -- a
prohibitive sum in a country where wages typically come to about 1,200 yuan
a year.

Rumors about official plans to halt  China's "Brain drain" to the West have
sent thousands  of  young  people  scrambling  to  Western  embassies  in a
desperate effort to obtain visas before the new regulations go into effect.

Several  Chinese  students  said  another  barrier  to  overseas  study had
appeared at colleges and universities  here as campus registrars refused to
honor requests for official copies  of transcripts, which students need for
admission to foreign institutions.

A spokesman for China's  State  Education  Commission said he could neither
confirm nor deny the accuracy of those reports.

Meanwhile, the  rumor  mill  here  has  been  generating  concern  that the
authorities  plan  to  put  captured  leaders  of  last  spring's "counter-
revolutionary rebellion,"  including the student leader Wang Dan, on trial.

  "Politically Mature"

The indications that passport  fees  may  be  imposed on privately financed
students were  the latest  in  a  series  of developments that pointed to a
major attempt by the authorities to choke off the flow of young Chinese out
of the country.

One pending regulation would require  students  to  work in China for up to
seven years after graduation before they could travel abroad. Another rule,
already in effect, fires those interested in taking English-Language profi-
ciency  test  required  by  many  foreign  institutions  to  obtain written
permission in  advance  from  their  college  departments,  work  units, or
neighborhood committees.

Prime  Minister  Li  Peng  said   recently  that  China  should  send  only
'politically mature' scholars and researcher abroad.

In the background is a strong  new anti-intellectual climate in China. Last
week the newspaper Guangming Daily,  which is widely read by intellectuals,
published a letter arguing that  university students should do manual labor
to learn traditional Communist values.

"If people trained at universities  neglect  manual  labor and look down on
workers and peasants, seeking only  pleasure,  can  they become part of the
working class?"  the letter asked.

3. First Election With Legal Opposition Parties In Taiwan
From:    "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
SOURCE: TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP)   December 01, 1989

[BY: HUANG, ANNIE ;  Associated Press Writer]

Tens of  thousands of  police  guarded  polling stations Saturday as voters
cast ballots in Taiwan's first election with legal opposition parties.

There  were long  lines   of    voters   at  polling booths and state radio
predicted a heavy turnout. Results were not expected until sometime Sunday.


Many  Taiwanese  remain    skeptical  of  the movement because of Communist
China's threat to invade the island if it declares independence.

4. China Faces Increasing Isolation
From:    "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
SOURCE: BEIJING (UPI)   December 01, 1989


Troubled  by  the  changes    sweeping  Eastern Europe, China's leaders are
eyeing the  superpower  summit   with suspicion and have recently expressed
sharp  private criticism  of   Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Chinese and
foreign sources say.

The meeting  between   President  Bush  and  Gorbachev comes as China faces
increasing  isolation, its  relations with    the  West  damaged by its own
crackdown  on dissent and its ties with Europe's communist nations confused
by their refusal to do the same.

Foreign  diplomats in Beijing  said  Chinese leaders are deeply troubled by
the liberalization in Eastern  Europe,  just  six months after they ordered
the  violent  suppression  of China's pro-democracy movement and launched a
rollback of political and economic reforms.

Along  with  restricting  coverage  of  Eastern  Europe in its state press,
China  has  shown  its concern   by  increasingly careful contacts with the
nations undergoing upheaval, East bloc diplomats said.

Diplomatic and academic  exchanges  with  China  have slowed somewhat, they

"It hasn't stopped, but  they  are  being  cautious," said a senior Eastern
European  diplomat. "They are afraid of infestation. And they are asking us
how we could consider abandoning the leadership of the Communist Party."

China  has kept a  tight  public  lip  about the seagoing summit off Malta,
saying  only  it  "welcomes"  the  meeting. But Chinese leaders are clearly
suspicious, Chinese and foreign sources said.

"They  are  worried  about  the  United  States and the Soviet Union moving
closer, maybe leaving them out," another East bloc diplomat said.

According  to  diplomats and Chinese sources, hard-line Premier Li Peng and
senior leader Deng  Xiaoping  have  in  recent  weeks assailed Gorbachev in
unreported talks with visiting foreign dignitaries.

In  one  such  discussion    last    month,  Li called Gorbachev "weak" and
"vacillating"  for  failing  to crack down on protests in Europe and in the
Soviet republics, a diplomat briefed on the meeting said.

Deng  has  been   less    strident,    but  has privately  characterized as
potentially  destabilizing  the  liberalization  supported  or tolerated by
Gorbachev, Chinese and foreign sources said.

Apparently hoping to   stay    in  the  superpower  politics game, China is
nonetheless  maintaining  the expansion of ties with the Soviet Union begun
after the two nations normalized relations last year, diplomats said.

Discussions  are  under  way  for    a    visit  to  Moscow  by Premier Li,
tentatively  next April, East bloc diplomats said. It would be a reciprocal
visit  for Gorbachev's landmark trip to Beijing last May when he was hailed
as a reformist by protesting Chinese students.

But  the  rapid   pace    of  change in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and
even   Bulgaria,  including   the   prospect  of multi-party  politics, has
overtaken China's ability to respond, Western diplomats said.

The  sources  said  Chinese    leaders  approved  an internal document at a
party meeting last month expressing "concern" over Eastern Europe.

"The  Foreign  Ministry people seem  scared to say anything when we talk to
them," a Beijing-based Western diplomat said.

Chinese  academic   experts,    although  generally refusing to grant press
interviews, appear somewhat less anxious.

"Those  we talked to  said  they  are  not as concerned with Eastern Europe
because  the countries are small and communism was forced onto them, not in
an indigenous uprising as in China or the Soviet Union," the diplomat said.
"They're watching the Soviets."

Chinese  officials have in public  largely shrugged off comment, saying the
changes in Eastern European nations are internal affairs.

Last month, Premier Li, in  one  of  the  few public reactions by a Chinese
leader,  warned,  "China  will  not  change  its system just because of the
changes taking place in Eastern Europe."

Senior  Chinese   officials  are    reading    detailed accounts on Eastern
Europe in internal reference documents,  Chinese sources said. But coverage
has  been  limited  in the general press and even in an internal newspaper,
Reference News, available to many Chinese.

State-run  media have sharply played down the drama of mass rallies and the
opening  of  the   Berlin    Wall,    instead  focusing on Eastern European
leaders' calls for maintaining socialism.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Sat Dec  2 18:36:44 EST 1989