[ut.chinese] Dec. 3

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/03/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 3 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

 Headline News  .................................................  23
 1) Latest  Untold Story of Lin Biao  ...........................  38
 2) Communists No Longer "Leading Force" In Czechoslovakia  .....  52
 3) Restrictions 'NECESSARY' For Economy   ......................  50
Headline News

About 10 Chinese looked for  political  asylum  together in L.A. last week-
end.     They got on  board in Hong Kong and their original destination was
Brazil, but those people tore off their Brazil visa and asked for asylum in
L.A.'s air- port.     INS  so  far makes no comment. An official said there
are also more Chinese  from  mainland  try  to  get into the U.S. illegally
through the U.S. and Mexico border since June.
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 11/29/89

Congressman Bruce A. Morrison will  come  to  Chinatown in New York City on
Wensday to hold a press conference.  He  will call on the Chinese community
to support HR2717 bill.
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 11/29/89

According to 'China Youth Daily',at Kungmin city's railway station in Octo-
ber, police found that in a paper  box  carried by a woman, there were four
1-month babies and one dog.  The  woman  admitted later that she could make
800 dollars (RMB) for each baby.
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 11/29/89

1. Latest  Untold Story of Lin Biao  
[source] (AP): From: "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
November 30, 1989

  The  list,  published  in the official Communist Party newspaper People's
Daily,  also  includes Mao, China's revolutionary founder; the late premier
Chou  En-lai; current senior leader Deng Xiaoping; President Yang Shangkun;
and retired President Li Xiannian.

   According  to official Chinese accounts, Lin died in September 1971 in a
plane  crash in Mongolia as he was trying to flee to the Soviet Union after
an unsuccessful plot to assassinate Mao.

    The  Chinese  version  says the plane ran out of gas, but other reports
say Lin had been shot before the plane went down, leading to speculation of
a gun battle aboard the plane.

    A  manuscript  smuggled out of China was published under a pseudonym in
the  United  States  in 1983 alleging that Lin and his wife were lured to a
villa outside Beijing and killed.

    The  People's  Daily  listed the names, adding "And there was Lin Biao"
without elaborating.

    Chinese  historians  credit  Lin  with  being  an  outstanding military

    Lin, who was one of only 10 military officers with the rank of marshal,
was  included  in a book on the People's Liberation Army published in China
in   1987.   While   the   book   said   he  was  head  of  the  "Lin  Biao
Counterrevolutionary  Clique,"  it  also noted his positive role in Chinese

    He  also  appeared  in  the  movie  "Grand  Ceremony  Establishing  the
Country,"  released  this year to mark the 40th anniversary of the founding
of Communist China.

2. Communists No Longer "Leading Force" In Czechoslovakia
From: yawei@rose.bacs.indiana.edu
Source:  AP News

PRAGUE - Czechoslovakia's  Communist-controlled  Parliament Wednesday ended
the party's 40-year monopoly on power.

A member of the ruling Politburo said free elections could be held within a

The 309 deputies  present  voted  unanimously  to  scrap  Article  4 of the
constitution, which mandated the leading role of the Communist Party.

Also eliminated was Article 16, which  mandated that all education be based
on Marxism-Leninism.

The changes were among  historic  concessions  the  opposition won from the
Communist government Tuesday when Premier  Ladislav Adamec also promised to
form a new government, including non-Communists, by Sunday.

The  deputies  even  approved   a  constitutional  change  eliminating  the
Communists' domination  of  the  National  Front,  an umbrella organization
embracing all Czechoslovak groups.

At the beginning of the session,  broadcast  on live TV for the first time,
representatives openly admitted past party failures and said the Communists
must work hard to win the trust of the nation.

''We have betrayed the trust  of  the  electorate and whatever laws we pass
Wednesday will not  change  this,''  said  Blanka  Hykova,  a member of the
Socialist Party.

Until recently the party was a docile ally of the ruling Communists.

Anton Blazej, dean of the Communist  Party school in Bratislava, said: ''We
have misunderstood the leading role of  the party and its position. We must
regain this trust.''

The Communist Party  leadership  agreed  Tuesday  to relinquish the party's
claim to total  power,  to  release  some  political  prisoners and to lift
censorship restrictions that have kept  works  by writers such as dissident
playwright Vaclav Havel from being published.

Opposition leaders continued to  push  for  free elections, free speech and
the freedom to form independent labor unions.

Adamec, who promised  the  opposition  Tuesday  that  he  would  name a new
coalition government, met Wednesday  with  leaders of political parties and
groups allied with the Communists.

Politburo member Vasil Mohorita  said  Wednesday  free elections are likely
within a year.

3. Restrictions 'NECESSARY' For Economy
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 11/30


The Chinese Communist Party has called on people to tighten their belts for
"at least a number of years" and told party members to take the lead.

In a lengthy editorial on the  economic decisions made at the party Central
Committee's fifth plenary session three weeks ago, the party newspaper, the
People's Daily spoke of the serious problems facing China following several
years of overheated economy, which had  not  only placed a severe strain on
national productivity, but had also prompted runaway consumerism.

It was necessary,  it  said,  to  restrain  the  overheated  economy and to
improve economic efficiency.

While it stressed that the overall  standard of living would not be reduced
in the light of the  austerity  programs,  there  would be cases of workers
losing their jobs  or  bonuses  a  industrial  enterprises and construction
projects were merged or dropped altogether.

It also stressed that  the  austerity  programs  did not necessarily mean a
severe set  back  for  the  economy.  A  reasonable  growth  rate  is to be
sustained and the people's livelihood would gradually improve.

Analysts said the editorial probably heralded a series of measures that may
not be platable to the general public. One of these measures would be a

Some of the austerity measures  have  already  caused major problems in the
more prosperous  regions  such  as  Guangdong,  Guangxi,  Hunan and Fujian.
Unemployment had gone up from last year's 520,000 to 640,000 this year. The
figure is expected to increase  to  670,000  next year and 700,000 the year
after. The current rate of unemployment  is 1.9 per cent, expected to reach
2.7 per cent by the end of 1991.

Analysts said the figures  were  conservative  and  the actual number could
much higher.

The  sharp  rise  in  unemployment,  the  bureau  said,  was  due  to  many
enterprises being reluctant to take on new employees.

Adding to the unemployment problems was a large batch of individual traders
or self-employed workers,  numbering  about  20,000,  who had stopped doing
business this year  because  of  the  austerity  program  and  the state' s
reluctance to encourage them.

Some of the measures taken  to  contain the problem included strict control
of surplus labourers form rural areas entering cities and towns, the bureau

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Sun Dec  3 00:21:00 EST 1989