[ut.chinese] Dec. 5

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/05/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 5 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
 1) Deng Ordered To "SOLVE" Taiwan Problem In Five Years  ........  16
 2) Chinese Artists' Painting Exhibition Shut Down  ..............  70
 3) Muti-Party Election Held Peacefully In Taiwan  ...............  73
 4) Krenz, Politburo, And Entire E. Germany's Central Committee ..  47

1. Deng Ordered To "SOLVE" Taiwan Problem In Five Years
From: yjj@sirius.ctr.columbia.edu
[Excerpt from World Journal news, Dec. 2, 1989, Sat.]

According to Hong Kong  Outcry  (Zheng  Ming)  magazine News From the North
column, which has been  a  respectable  and  reliable column, Deng Xiaoping
gave a "important talk" to the  Politburo members, Taiwan Policy Office and
chief officers of the Department  United  Front in early November before he
retired from military committee.

He said:  China could  never  retreat  on Hong Kong issue; otherwise things
will get out of control.    Taiwan  problem  should not be delayed all from
time to time; otehr wise  the  burden  gets  heavier and heavier.  Mainland
should prepare peaceful talk on one hand and military solution on the other
hand.  "How about get  rid  of  the  burden  in five years," Deng ask Jiang
Zhimin and Li Peng.

2. Chinese Artists' Painting Exhibition Shut Down
From:    "J. Ding"   <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   December 02, 1989

[BY: ABRAMS, JIM ;  Associated Press Writer]

Police  Saturday  shut   down  an  exhibition of paintings by young Chinese
artists  sponsored  by foreign journalists, saying the exhibitors failed to
obtain permission from the government.

Police  also  said   the  one-day show was "activity incompatible with your
status  as  journalists,"  said  Jaime  Florcruz,  president of the Foreign
Correspondents Club of Beijing.

Florcruz,  a  reporter    for    Time magazine, said three uniformed police
officers  and  a plainclothes officer gave the artists 40 minutes to remove
their  oil  paintings  from a room at the Great Wall Sheraton, a U.S.-China
joint venture hotel.

The Correspondents Club was allowed to hold  a show in 1988 at the hotel as
a way for journalists to meet young artists.

However, freedom of expression  for  artists,  writers  and others has been
strictly  limited  since  the  June crackdown on the pro-democracy movement

"Everyone  is  just  flexing  their  muscles  during martial law," said Meg
Maggio,  also  a Time staffer and the organizer of Saturday's exhibition of
40 works by six artists.

She  said police "never looked  at the paintings." Many were avant-garde or
abstract but did not appear to carry political messages.

Ms.  Maggio  said  she    was    aware that under martial law, in effect in
Beijing  since May, the club needed authorization for the exhibit. But, she
said, "there is no procedure. We didn't know how to get permission."

Florcruz  said  he called the Beijing Cultural Bureau on Friday but was not
told how to obtain the needed authorization.

He said he told police the paintings  were  not for sale and there would be
no commercial activity at  the  exhibit.  The police responded, "There's no
room for discussion," he said.

In November,  the Ministry    of    Culture    forced the French Embassy to
cancel a nine-day exhibit of the works of a 28-year-old Chinese artist.

"We  were  told  that   foreign    embassies   are  not  allowed to sponsor
exhibitions  by  artists  whether  singers,  painters,  whatever," a French
Embassy official said on condition of anonymity.

Culture  Ministry  officials  told  French  diplomats  at the time that the
ministry  planned  to  distribute   a  circular informing  embassies of the
policy. Several embassies said they had not received such a notice.

Since  the military   marched    on    Beijing  June   3-4  and crushed the
student-led  pro-democracy  movement,  writers  have  been  told  they must
discard  "bourgeois  liberal  tendencies"  and  produce works in support of
socialist ideas.

Film  directors  who had  done  works  about  the darker aspects of life in
China  have  stopped  directing  or  have returned to government-sanctioned
films. Most of the young artists who  a year ago astonished the nation with
the first   public    shows    of    nude  and  avant-garde works have gone
underground.  Artists    can  earn  little  or  no  money  for  their works
domestically and those who once sought foreign buyers have been censured.

The  official  China   Daily    on  Saturday criticized some art stores and
individuals who "manage artwork sales without licenses, doing illicit trade
in black markets or profiteering through underground channels."

3. Muti-Party Election Held Peacefully In Taiwan
From:    "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: TAIPEI, Taiwan (UPI)   December 02, 1989


The first multi-party elections in  40  years were held peacefully Saturday
and  sunny  skies  brought  a  large  turnout  of  voters  in a key test of
sentiment on the once-forbidden issue of Taiwan independence.

Polls were open from 8 a.m.  to  5  p.m. and counting began two hours after
they  closed  on  the  island  about 100 miles off mainland China. Election
officials said full results should be known by 11 a.m. EST.

There  were  no   major    incidents   of violence or voting irregularities
reported,  election  officials said.   There  were scattered but unofficial
reports of vote-buying and voter intimidation in scattered areas around the
nation of 20 million people, however.

Election  officials  said   warm    weather   and sunny skies resulted in a
large  turnout that  could  surpass   the 65 percent of eligible voters who
participated in national and local elections in 1986.

About  12  million  people  were  eligible  to  vote in the contest for 293
posts, including  seats  in  the   national  and  provincial assemblies and
important races for mayor and county commissioner offices.

Due to special electoral provisions, the long-established ruling party, the
Kuomintang,  or Nationalists,  will  easily  retain  the  power it has held
since  the  Nationalists  were  forced  to  retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after
losing the Chinese civil war.

The  presence in  the  256-seat  Legislative  Yuan of 162 aging Nationalist
lawmakers, who were elected on the mainland before 1949 and hold office for
life, guarantees the Kuomintang a majority.

A  total  of 16 parties fielded 722 candidates in the election in which the
ruling  Kuomintang was  expected  to  win  about  65 percent of the popular

But  the  main    opposition  group,  the Democratic Progressive Party, was
expected  to  capture  about  18 of the 101 contested seats in the national
legislature and have even greater success in provincial and local contests.

The  DPP   only    achieved    official  status earlier this year, although
independents  aligned  with  the  opposition  group  have  been  elected to
national and local posts in the past.

DPP officials said the  party  was  concentrating  its efforts on local and
regional  posts  where it   could exercise real power and enact progressive
legislation,   bypassing  the  Kuomintang's  veto  power  in  the  national

The  issue of Taiwan independence has emerged as an electoral issue for the
first  time   in    the  current  polls with 32 pro-independence candidates
running in the election.

Advocacy  of   independence  is    banned  in Taiwan, with proponents often
jailed for  sedition. The   government,   however, has tolerated the latest
challenge, possibly fearing a crackdown would have a negative impact at the

The  DPP itself does not advocate  independence for Taiwan, but a number of
candidates running  under its banner seek nationhood for the island, a move
strongly opposed  by    mainland    China    as  well as the authorities in

Both Taiwan and Beijing claim to be the sole legal government of China.

The  polling  Saturday  is part of a liberalization program begun under the
late  President Chiang  Ching-kuo,  which  has  resulted  in the lifting of
martial  law in 1987 after 38 years and the opening of the electoral system
to opposition groups and independents.

4. Krenz, Politburo, And Entire E. Germany's Central Committee Resigned
From: edu%"yawei@aqua.bacs.indiana.edu"
Source: AP News

EAST BERLIN - East German Communist  leader Egon Krenz and his ruling party
Politburo resigned Sunday  along  with  the  Central  Committee.  They were
hounded from office by  increasing  demands  from East Germany's emboldened
pro-democracy movement.  Former  hard-line  party leader Erich Honecker was
expelled from the  party  he  led  for  18  years  until  he was ousted and
replaced by Krenz Oct. 18.

Three recently fired Politburo members were arrested on corruption charges,
and a senior trade official fled East Germany.

Politburo  member  Guenter  Schabowski,  generally  considered  a reformer,
announced the  resignations  of  the  10-man  Politburo  and the 163-member
Central Committee on state radio.

They came as the Communist  Party's  policy-making Central Committee met in
an emergency session following demands that  Krenz resign. He was jeered by
party members Saturday.

The resignations were the latest in  a historic series of political changes
that have transformed East Germany from a hard-line Communist nation to one
at the forefront of Eastern Europe's reform movement.

The Communist Party also expelled  much of its former leadership, including
Honecker, former Premier Willi  Stoph  and  former Parliament speaker Horst
Sindermann Sunday, the state-run news agency ADN said.

One of those arrested was the senior economic adviser to Honecker.
Alexander Schalck-Golodkowski,  a  state  secretary  in  the  foreign trade
ministry, fled  East  Germany  after  authorities  opened  an investigation
against him for suspected illegal weapons sales, ADN said Sunday.

Schalck-Golodkowski was  East  Germany's  chief  trade  negotiator  and had
headed a department responsible for making hard-currency sales.

Government spokesman Wolfgang  Meyer  said Schalck-Golodkowski was stripped
of his functions following his escape.

Wolfgang Vogel, the country's most prominent lawyer, told authorities early
Sunday that Schalck-Golodkowski was  ''at  an unknown location outside East
Germany'' and  he had asked Vogel to represent him, according to ADN.

A probe was opened after  officials  Saturday discovered a secret operation
to ship weapons to the Middle East, Africa and South America, ADN said.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Tue Dec  5 10:51:48 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/06/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 5 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

 Headline News  ...................................................  24
 1)  "Public Ownership Has Become 'An Irreversible Trend' In Chin..  54
 2)  200 Pedal In Support Of The HK Alliance   ....................  33
 3)  April 5th Protesters Stage Vigil At NCNA  ....................  37
 Headline News
    Several thousands  Czechoslovakia  students  demonstrated  in Prague on
    December 2, to  protest  Chinese  government's crackdown on student-led
    prodemocracy movement in Beijing this spring.

    Students in Prague said they were  shocked when they learnt the tragedy
    in  Tiananmen Square  but could not  help  at that time. We knew it was
    late, but we stood up and  spoke out at the first opportunity, students

    Students in Prague  planned  to  march  to  Chinese  embassy but it was
    cancelled as Chinese embassy made a protest to Czchoslovakia government
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J.Yang)
                                  Source: New York Times, 12/3/89

    The Nobel Peace Award winner Dalai Lama  said he would use the money to
    help solving the hunger problems  in  the  world and support studies on
    peace. Dalai arrived in Peris  yesterday to receive another human right
    award and will fly to Norway next week to receive the Nobel Award.

    Dalai said he have not made any official contact with Chinese Communist
    government since May.
                                  From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                                  Source: World Journal, 12/4/89

1. "Public Ownership Has Become 'An Irreversible Trend' In China"
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   December 03, 1989

[BY: JONES, TERRIL ;  Associated Press Writer]

China's  Communist  Party  has    issued  a resounding rejection of private
ownership, saying public ownership has become "an irreversible trend."

In  a  ringing  endorsement   of    orthodox  Marxist  ideology,  the party
newspaper  People's  Daily  lambasted  the  most  cherished  of  capitalist

"Can  'paradise' be  found  in  capitalist  countries? Absolutely not," the
paper said in a lengthy commentary Saturday.

"Political  regimes  that    are    based on privatized economies breed all
forms of corruption," the People's Daily said. "The innate character of the
bourgeois dictatorship of capitalist private ownership is a dictatorship of
the rich minority over  a  poor  majority."          In    1848  Karl  Marx
summarized  the   theory    of  communism  in a single phrase: "eradicating
private ownership," the People's Daily said.

"For  half  a  century,  many  countries  under the leadership of communist
parties have established the great struggle of public ownership to wipe out
privatization,  and  this  has become an irreversible historical trend," it

China's  Communist  Party  stepped    up    its  calls  to adhere to strict
Marxist  doctrine  and  reject  "bourgeois  liberalism,"  or Western ideas,
following the short-lived pro-democracy movement this spring.

The  student-led  movement sought political reforms but widened to call for
increased  freedoms  including    better    education,   a  less controlled
economy and higher wages.

After  the  movement  was  violently  crushed  by the Chinese army, leaving
hundreds  dead,  top  leaders orchestrated a return to doctrinaire slogans,
ordering  the mass media to follow the Communist Party line and selectively
report  positive  news.  Government  leaders  have  also rejected political
pluralism and have continued to  crackdown  on  political  dissent.     The
paper  said those who  support  private  ownership claim that Chinese yearn
to  leave    the  country  for  overseas,  even  agreeing to be "third-rate
citizens" of other nations.

"This  is  pure  rumor,"    People's    Daily  said.  "Most  Chinese people
studying or working abroad love their homeland."

Thousands  of  Chinese  overseas,  however,  do  seek ways to remain abroad
rather than return to China, where they face low-paying jobs which they may
not be able to choose, and drab living conditions.

U.S.  diplomats in Beijing say that  more than 90 percent of Chinese who go
to study in the United States do not come back.

2. 200 Pedal In Support Of The HK Alliance
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/4, 1989

[By Chris Yeung]

More than 200  people  took  part  in  a  territory-wide  rally on bicycles
yesterday to demonstrate their backing for the Hongkong Alliance in Support
of the Patriotic Democratic Movement  in  China, which Beijing has  accused
of being subversive.

The demonstrators, wearing white  T-shirts,  began  their  ride in Tsim Sha
Tsui in the morning,  crossed  the  harbour  by  ferries and finished their
journey in Wan Chai in the afternoon.

Another bicycle procession was held in Tai Po.

To remind the public not to forget the June 4 Beijing massacre and the pro-
democracy cause, their T-shirts were emblazoned with "Love for the country,
Love for the people - the spirit of Hongkong" and "People will not forget".

The protesters ended the rally with a brief demonstration outside the Queen
Elizabeth Stadium, opposite the New China News agency headquarters.

Singing pro-democracy songs, the  demonstrators also presented about 10,000
signatures in support  of  the  goals  of  the  Alliance  to leaders of the
210-group alliance. The signatures were collected over the week-end.

The gathering was  organised  by  31  groups,  of  which  about a third are
members of the Alliance chaired by Mr Szeto Wah.

The groups included the University  of  Democracy, Forum for Democracy, the
April 5th Action group and some residents' concern groups.

3. April 5th Protesters Stage Vigil At NCNA
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/4, 1989

[By Tommy Lewis]

The April 5th Action  group  last  night  staged  a protest outside the New
China News Agency in Happy Valley.

The protest was to mark  the  six-month anniversary of the Beijing massacre
and to commemorate those who died in the crackdown.

A group of about 25 people gathered at 11 pm, approximately the time troops
started firing on the students in Beijing on June 3.

After negotiations with police, 10  protesters were allowed to stay outside
the NCNA building  for  about  five  minutes  while  they  sang the Chinese
national anthem and observed a one-minute silence.

The others, holding placards, had to stay across the road.

The protesters complied with a police  request  not to stick posters on the
walls of the NCNA building.

Protesters then moved across the road and started a sit-in, which they said
would continue throughout the night.

They said at 8 am today they  planned  to walk to the High Court in central
where seven April 5th members  face  charges of unlawful assembly following
an incident in Causeway Bay  on  September  29  at a demonstration near the
World Trade Centre, the venue for  a celebration of the 40th anniversary of
the founding of the People's Republic of china.

On Friday, two April  5th  members  were  fined  $500 after they were found
guilty of fixing anti-Chinese Government  posters  on the gates of the NCNA
building without consent.

Magistrate Ian Britton ordered them to pay  court costs of $250 and said he
would not allow them to be turned into martyrs over such a trivial case.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Tue Dec  5 21:03:46 EST 1989