[ut.chinese] Dec. 6

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/06/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 6 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

 Headline News  ....................................................  18
 1    Rally At Harvard University To Honor Students Killed In TAM ..  43
 2    Students Enjoy The Military Training  ........................  78
 3    Deng's Plea on Japan  ........................................  16
 4    Castro Set For Landmark Visit  ...............................  32
Headline News
    About 10,000 protesters in Taiwan ended a 30-hour siege of a government
    office  after a losing  opposition candidate filed a complaint accusing
    the  ruling  Kuomintang  of  vote  fraud  in  Saturday's  parliamentary
    elections.  Official results showed that the governing party won 58% of
    the vote, while the oppostion DPP garnered about 33%.
                                  From:  aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet
                                  Source: The Wall Street Journal, 12/5

    Czecholsovaks protested a  news  communist-dominated  government.  More
    than  150,000  demonstrators  filled   Prague's  Wenceslas  Square  and
    rejected  the  coalition  presented  Sunday,  which  brought  five non-
    communists into the 21-member  cabinet.    The protesters demanded free
    elections.  It was the  first  mass  rally  since a Nov. 27 strike that
    brought  government  concessions.    Also,  thousands  of Czechoslovaks
    visited the West as the government lifted travel restriction.
                                  From:  aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet
                                  Source: The Wall Street Journal, 12/5

1. Rally At Harvard University To Honor Students Killed In TAM Square
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (UPI)   December 04, 1989

More than  500  people    attended  an emotionally charged rally at Harvard
University  to honor  the   Chinese students killed in the Tiananmen Square
massacre six months ago.

Wu'er  Kaixi,  21,  a   coordinator    of  the  Chinese student movement at
Beijing's  Tiananmen  Square  who  fled  his  homeland  after  the June 3rd
massacre, paid tribute to fallen colleagues Sunday.

"They  stopped  tanks  and rifles with their young chests," said Wu'er, now
a  special student at Harvard. "Those  who died, may you rest in peace. You
died  but your  spirits prevail. We are still fighting to achieve the dream
of 1 billion."

After  his  speech,  Wu'er,  now    active    with  the  Federation  for  a
Democratic   China,   an  exile    group composed  of  student  leaders and
intellectuals, clutched his chest and collapsed near the podium.

He  was  rushed  from   the    lecture   hall  by campus police. Wu'er, who
reportedly has a hereditary heart problem, later recovered.

One  heckler  in  the   audience    said,   "You  are  a victim of American
television exploitation."

About  half  of   the  crowd  was  Chinese students and some leaders at the
rally  criticized  President  Bush  for vetoing a bill last week that would
have  allowed  some  40,000 Chinese students to remain in the United States
when   their   visas   expired,  instead  of  returning  home  to  possible

The  Bush  administration   said  it  would  take other steps to allow many
students to remain in the United State.

Liu  Binyan, a prominent exile who was kicked out of China for speaking out
against  the  government, also criticized Bush for not taking a harder line
with Chinese leaders.

"What  President  Bush is doing now is hurting the relationship between the
USA  and  the  Chinese    people.    This   kind  of  behavior causes great
disappointment," he said.

2. Students Enjoy The Military Training
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   December 04, 1989


College  freshmen  forced by  the  government to undergo a year of military
training  are  being  put  through   a  grueling  regimen  of  exercise and
relentless  political  indoctrination  with  virtually no academic content,
Chinese sources said.

The 738 students from Beijing  University,  the  class of 1992, consists of
youths whose average age is estimated  at 17 and includes students as young
as 14.

The  year of military training, which began in October, was ordered for the
entire incoming class  of  Beijing  University  as  part of the ideological
crackdown  that  followed  the army's bloody suppression of the student-led
democracy movement last June.     The  prestigious  college  was  a  center
of last spring's protests for greater   freedom,  which began on university
campuses and spread nationwide  in  the  biggest  challenge  to 40 years of
communist rule.

The  state-run press  has  stressed  the  military training at Shijiazhuang
Military Academy, a spacious complex 100 miles southwest of Beijing, is not
meant as punishment, and said students were enjoying their term in uniform.

A barrage of propaganda in the  Chinese media has portrayed the students as
extolling the joys of  military  discipline  and shooting practice, as they
attend lectures on topics such as "My Ability to Contribute to Defense."

But  informed  Chinese    sources,    some with first-hand knowledge of the
program,  recently  contradicted  the   official  accounts.  They  said the
students feel oppressed by heavy doses of propaganda and are concerned they
will be behind when they enter regular classes next fall.

"The  government  is trying to wear them down physically and mentally," one
source said.

Numerous  foreign journalists  have  asked  to  visit the academy since the
program began, but Chinese authorities have refused.     The  sources  said
the   curriculum    at    Shijiazhuang    consists    almost exclusively of
political propaganda.

The  students'  day  begins  at    6    a.m.  and  includes  four  hours of
army-style physical training and light labor. All contact and communication
is  closely  monitored and  all   letters  are inspected, the sources said.
Lights out is at 9:30 p.m.

Aside  from  English   and    Chinese  classes, students have no courses or
reading  material  in  their  chosen  fields  of  study.  But  whereas most
university  students  enroll  in  six  or  seven  classes per semester, the
Beijing University freshmen must take 12, sources said.

Among those are classes  devoted  to  lengthy  political harangues given by
Chinese  leaders  blasting  the  spring  protests  as  a subversive plot to
overthrow  the system. They include speeches by Communist Party chief Jiang
Zemin and senior leader Deng Xiaoping.

Other  "classes"  include    reading    articles in the People's Daily, the
mouthpiece  of  the  party,  Chinese  "revolutionary  history" and a course
devoted  solely  to  studies  of  "the crushing of the counterrevolutionary
rebellion."        "Counterrevolutionary    rebellion"  is the government's
official term for the   popular    uprising  against the army, which opened
fire on demonstrators in  Beijing  June  3-4.  At  least hundreds of people

Food  at  the   Shijiazhuang  Military  Academy  is reported to be poor and
servings  insubstantial,  with  meat-filled dumplings available only once a

Official  commentary  on  the compulsory military training characterizes it
as an expression of "concern" by the Communist Party that students have the
correct political foundation.

One  article  maintained:  "This   is    not   punishment,  but  shows  the
sincerity  of the party and the people in cherishing and expressing concern
for the students.That is the kind of feeling which only a mother can give."

3. Deng's Plea on Japan
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.NET (Chan Ki Wa)
Source: HKNET Digest Sun, 3 Dec 89 Volume  8 : Issue 3

Chinese leader Deng  Xiaoping,  still  apparently  dictating foreign policy
despite  his  "retirement"  last   month,  called  yesterday  for  improved
relations with Japan.  Deng, 85 met former Japanese foreign minister Yoshie
Sakurauchi  who  was  visiting  China  for  the  Japanese  Association  for
Promotion of International  Trade,  the  Xinhua  News  Agency reported.  It
described their meeting in Beijing's  Great  Hall of the People as "cordial
and friendly".  No details were  given.  An official Japanese source quoted
Deng as saying he attached  much  importance to Sino-Japanese relations and
that he hoped they would develop and  be promoted.  China's ties with Japan
deteriorated after the army  crushed  pro-democracy demonstrations in June,
prompting limited economic  sanctions.    Japan is Beijing's second-biggest
trading partner after Hongkong and the third-largest foreign investor.

4. Castro Set For Landmark Visit
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.NET (Chan Ki Wa)
Source: HKNET Digest Sun, 3 Dec 89 Volume  8 : Issue 3

China's communist leaders are to welcome Cuban President Fidel Castro - one
of the few ideological allies they  still  have - to Beijing in February, a
Latin American diplomatic source said yesterday.

The source said no  precise  date  had  been  fixed for the landmark visit,
which follows a call by  Romanian  President Nicolae Caesescu for a closing
of ranks  after  'deviations"  from  socialist  orthodoxy  in East Germany,
Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

Castro, who was  ignored  for  30  years  by  the  Chinese,  as  an ally of
Beijing's rival Moscow, is now  in  favour,  following his cry of "Marxism-
Leninism or death" at the start of the year and his party's support for the
smashing of China's pro-democracy movement.

In January, four months  before  Moscow  and  Beijing officially barred the
hatchet, Isidoro Malmierca made the first visit to China by a Cuban foreign
minister since Castro came to power in 1959.

In June, only a few  days  after  the  Cuban  Communist Party beat even the
Romanians  in  backing  Beijing's   bloody  suppression  of  the  democracy
movement, Chinese Foreign Minister Qian Qichen  was in Havana for the first

Castro's visit in February would set  the seal on "the meteoric progress to
normalisation of Sino-Cuban relations," the source said.

The political warming has been  accompanied  by  economic deals such as the
project to build 150,000 of China's Flying Pigeon bicycles a year in Cuba.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Wed Dec  6 08:36:40 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/06/89)

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          I----+----I     | I__J/\  |     __|__  |  |     |  |---|  |
               |          | _____ \ |      /| \  |  |     |  L__-|  |
               I          I---------J     / J  \/   |     | V    | _/

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 6 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
Headline News ........................................................... 5
1) News on the Family Reunion from Canadian Embassy in Bejing .......... 40

Headline News
source:   CBC    radio, 6 December 1989, 1 am.
[from CHOWR%HSCvax.McMaster.CA]

In  a  study  of 2500 men and women in Shenyang, researchers have
found  a high incidence of lung cancer.  Though many of the study
participants  contracted  lung cancer from smoking, a significant
number (about 15%) have developed the disease from air pollution.
Shenyang is a heavily industrialized city in northeastern China.


1. News on the Family Reunion from Canadian Embassy in Bejing

                 - by the Student Affair Group of FCSSC

        FCSSC == Federation of Chinese Students and Scholars, Canada
              ==  Quan Jia Xue Lian  (2,1,2,2)    (in Chinese)
        SAG   ==  Student Affair Group of FCSSC

   Yesterday,  the  Hamilton local CIC office received a telegram
from the Canadian Embassy in Beijing, concerning the recent prro-
cessing  of  the  applications of the spouses and children of the
Chinese students and scholars in Canada.

    Mr.  Nigro,   the  Hamilton  CIC chief offcer, said: Canadian
Embassy is overloaded with  the applications from spouses and new
students  (by  more  than  100%). But the family reunion issue is
still the priority for the Embassy. What the Embassy wants is: to
ask  the  Chinese  students  who  want to bring their spouses and
children  to  Canada, to contact their local CIC and provide your
sposes'  name,  address and related information in Chinese.  Then
the  local CIC will send the information to Canadian Embassy, and
the  Embassy will contact the spouses and family members in China
to have their physically exiamined and the application processed.
Instead  of  the spouses going directly to Embassy and asking for
visitor's visa or the landed immigration.  It should be other way

    For  more information on the issue, please contact your local
CIC office.
    But Mr. Nigro suggests us to wait for a while for the respond
from  Ottawa  -the  headquater  of  Immigration,  since FCSSC has
already  sent  a  inquiry letter to the Minister of Immigration,a
couple of days ago.

    SAG will keep informing you any progress on this family reun-
ion issue.

    If you have any suggestion and inquiry, please send it to

                                           -  Dennis,  SAG member
                                                           of FCSSC

News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Wed Dec  6 15:07:20 EST 1989