[ut.chinese] Dec. 8

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/08/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 8 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
 1)  Zhao Ziyang In Hospital With Heart Trouble   .................  67
 2)  China Economist Ill   ........................................  25
 3)  A Global Concert about Chinese Prodemocracy Movement  ........  30
 4)  Masses Ordered To Love The Army   ............................  74
 5)  Back To Business for JLG Experts   ...........................  79
 6)  "If I Have To Go Back, I'll Feel Scared' Because Of 'Re-Educ..  87

1. Zhao Ziyang In Hospital With Heart Trouble
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source: South China Morning Post, Tuseday, December 5, 1989

[From Seth Faison in Beijing]

Mr Zhao Ziyang, the deposed Communist Party general Secretary who fell from
power last spring, has been  admitted  to  hospital to be treated for heart
trouble, Chinese sources said yesterday.

Describing his condition  as  "fair",  the  sources  said  Mr Zhao's sudden
illness has alarmed china's  top  leaders,  who  are aware that a premature
Zhao death could have potentially explosive consequences.

Mr Zhao turned 70  in  October.  He  entered  hospital late last month, the
sources said, but they  did  not  know  whether  he had actually suffered a
heart attack.

The senior  leader,  Mr  Deng  Xiaoping,  who  groomed  Mr  Zhao  to be his
successor before ousting him in a bitter power struggle in May, has ordered
priority medical treatment for Mr Zhao, on source said.

The  former  party  leader,  blamed  by  conservatives  for  supporting the
student-led protest movement, became the hero of many ordinary Chinese when
he lost his position and opposed the decision to declare martial law.

It was heart trouble  that  felled  Mr  Hu  Yaobang, Mr Deng's other chosen
successor, whose death in  April  sparked  the first student demonstrations
that eventually led to the Beijing massacre on June 4.

Mr Zhao is not known to have a history of heart trouble.

But one source said that "lack of sufficient blood supply" was the official
medical reson given when Mr Zhao entered hospital on May 19, the eve of the
martial law declaration in Beijing.

At  the  time,  it  was  widely  believed  that  Mr  Zhao  had  voluntarily
disappeared into hospital in  order  to  distance himself from the decision
made by other leaders to order troops into the capital.

Mr Zhao has not been seen  in  public since he appeared in Tiananmen Square
before dawn on May 19 where,  with  tears  in his eyes, he bade farewell to
the students.

He was formally stripped of his  position,  kicked out of the Politburo and
removed from the Central Committee  in  late  June  at a party plenum which
formally considered his lengthy self-defence.

Before he fell ill,  Mr  Zhao's  fate  was sometimes described by political
analysts as the  issue  that  would  define  the Communist Party's outlook,
hard-line or moderate.

The outcome has been  inconclusive.  Six  months  after  he was sacked, the
leadership has been unable to agree on  how to handle his case, saying that
it is still being investigated.

It even took  until  early  autumn,  one  source  said,  before Mr Zhao was
removed from Zhongnanhai, the compound  where  most of China's leaders live
and work.

In an odd coincidence, he was moved to the residence in Fuqiang alley where
Mr Hu Yaobang lived in  the  late  1970s  before he became party leader. Mr
Zhao is said to have resisted the move.

To date Mr  Zhao  has  never  conceded  any  wrong-doing and has vigorously
denied the official charges  that  he  "split"  the  party or supported the
"turmoil", according to several sources.

2. China Economist Ill
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source: South China Morning Post, Tuseday, December 5, 1989

Veteran communist  Chen  Yun,  the  conservative  economist  behind China's
austerity drive, is  seriously  ill  and  his  death  could alter Beijing's
fragile balance of power, diplomats said yesterday.

Informed Chinese sources said  a  foreign  doctor  had recently flown in to
treat Chen who was badly ailing.  But  they could not confirm accounts that
he was dying of leukaemia.

Mr Chen ,84, is  chairman  of  the  party's  Central Advisory Committee and
widely recognised as the  architect  of  an austerity program launched last
year to curb inflation and cool the over-heated economy.

He is famous for his concept of the "bird-cage economy" - the cage in which
the economy operates can be enlarged but never removed.

An outspoken opponent of Western-style  reforms,  Mr  Chen has been at odds
with the paramount leader, Mr  Deng  Xiaoping, 85, over economic policy but
backed him in  time  of  crisis  when  the  army crushed mass pro-democracy
protests in Beijing six months ago.


3. A Global Concert about Chinese Prodemocracy Movement
Source:  November 30, 1989, Los Angeles Times

A global concert is in planning  for  early  May  of next year in memory of
this year's prodemocracy movement in China, Tiananmen Notes has learned.

The concert, called "Freedom Belongs to the People", is orginating from Los
Angeles, California and Barcelona, Spain on  a Saturday in May, 1990 with a
finale in Hong Kong on the next day.

This event will a a "live"  satellite  feed  to over 1.5 billion people all
over the world and has the support of today's top performers.

To our knowledge, a seperate  account  is  set  up for donations to Chinese
prodemocracy movement. All the rest of  revenue goes to another account. No
money will be taken from  the  donation  account  to cover expenses for the
concert. And no money  from  ticket  selling, advertising fees, or anything
else will go into the donation account.

Upon completion of the  concert,  donations  will  be  disbursed by a board
which is formed by six  Chinese  people and six fair-minded world citizens.
There is no constrain imposed  by  the  organizers  of the concert upon the
board, except the money is for Chinese prodemocracy movement.

At current stage, organizers of the  concert need letters of testimonial to
make the concert happen. To show your support or for more information:
        The Freedom Task Force
        FAX: (818) 508-1332
        Tel: (818) 508-1740

4. Masses Ordered To Love The Army
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/6/89

China ordered its 1.1  billion  people  yesterday  to  love  the Army - six
months after troops and tanks  crushed  pro-democracy protests in Beijing -
and called for more political training in the military rank and file.

The People's  Daily  published  government  instructions  on how localities
should lionise the  "heroic"  People's  Liberation  Army  (PLA) so that the
masses could learn to love them.

And in contrast to earlier  reports  of barrack-room dissent, the New China
News Agency (NCNA) said the  Government  has now commanded that soldiers be
taught the "fine traditions of the  PLA  and increase their respect for the

The orders came  from  the  Ministry  of  Civil  Affairs  and the PLA's top
political department.  They  said  that  people's  love and support for the
Army should be seen to blossom  during Lunar New Year celebrations from the
end of January, the agency said.

But citizens in  Beijing,  many  of  whom  mutter  oaths  at the mention of
martial  law  troops  that  still   patrol  the  capital,  say  the  latest
reconciliation drive will be hard to swallow.

A stall owner at a  free  market  said:  "Everyone  hates them.  We will go
along with ceremonies of loving the army only because we have to.

"We have no guns.  They have guns. You'd be a fool not to co-operate."

On June 4, tanks and troops  shot  their way into Beijing to crush student-
led demonstrations for  more  democracy.    Western diplomats say hundreds,
perhaps thousands, of people died.

China puts the death toll at 20 civilians and scores of troops.

Unconfirmed estimates say 20 to 30 soldiers have been murdered since June.

The capital buzzes with stories of sniper shots after dusk and the stabbing
or strangulation of soldiers in toilets and dark alleys.

Reports in China's official press of dissension in Army ranks have appeared
occasionally and  some  junior  officers  have  described  unhappiness with
China's hard-line policies.

The People's Liberation Army newspaper said:"A small number of our comrades
are ideologically mixed up and  dither  their political stance because they
lack the solid foundation of Marxist teachings."

Some junior officers have also said they were uneasy with the growing clout
of a faction aligned with the  President, Mr Yang Shangkun, appointed first
vice-chairman of China's Military Commission in November.

The government directive published in the People's Daily said:"The military
rank and file must be taught patriotism, collectivism, socialism, and self-

IT recommended the resurrection  of  a  famous Chinese propaganda icon, Lei
Feng a  selfless,  philanthropic  and  probably  fictional  soldier who was
worshipped in the days of  Chairman  Mao  Zedong but slipped into obscurity

Study sessions on Lei and worthy    deeds would be organised during the New
Year celebrations, the People's Daily said.

The NCNA said:"(New Year)  get-togethers  of  soldier and civilians will be
held and delegations will  be  organised  to  show  concern for martial law
troops and troops on frontiers and coastal cities.

"During the festival season... local governments should mobilise the people
to render services  to  soldiers  and  give  preferential  treatment to the
families of soldiers and martyrs," it said.
                       [Reuter]                         [Associated Press]

5. Back To Business for JLG Experts
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/6/89

[By Fanny Wong]

Relations between Britain and China  started  to return to normal yesterday
with  the  Sino-British  Joint  Liaison  Group(JLG)  resuming  expert group
sessions to deal with practical issues.

After opening  a  four-day  plenary  meeting  in  the  territory yesterday,
experts from both sides met in  the afternoon, the first such group session
since Britain broke off diplomatic talks in the summer.

Technical subjects such as Hongkong's future participation in international
organisations and the localisation of laws were discussed.

The  session  signalled  a  return   to  the  workman-like  approach  which
characterised the JLG before June  4,  and raised hopes that progress might
be made during this, the 14th round of talks.

However, little headway is expected on politically sensitive issues such as
China's opposition to Britain's attempts to internationalise the territory,
the stationing of troops and the pace of democracy.

China views the internationalisation issue as  a British ploy to hold on to
Hongkong sovereignty after 1997.

British officials, however, are expected to tell their Chinese counterparts
that  China's  repeated  criticism   of  internationalisation  will  affect
Hongkong's confidence.

The  left-wing  Ta  Kung  Pao   newspaper  yesterday  published  a  lengthy
commentary on internationalisation, reiterating China's stand that it would
not accept international political interference in Hongkong.

The   commentary   criticised    British    officials   for   playing   the
"internationalisation card" since  autumn  and  accused  them of asking the
United States to interfere in Hongkong's political affairs.

Inviting the US to participate in Hongkong's politics was allow it to share
in Hongkong's sovereignty  to  China  as  stated  in the Sino-British Joint

"As  long   as   it   touches   on   China's   sovereignty,   any  form  of
internationalisation, be  it  in  the  political,  economical, cultural and
educational aspects  or  in  social  activities,  will  be  rejected by the
Chinese side."

By playing the  "internationalisation  card",  Britain  has  stirred up the
controversy on sovereignty,  making  the  Chinese  side react strongly, the
commentary said.

"Taking into account the future  of  Hongkong  and the interests of Britain
and other  countries,  playing  the  "internationalisation  card"  will not
achieve any good results," it added.

As the morning session  opened,  Chinese  JLG  team  leader, Mr Ke Zaishuo,
welcomed his British counterpart,  Mr  Anthony  Galsworthy,  as the the new
British team leader.

Mr Galsworthy replied he was happy  that  he had the opportunity to talk to
old friends.

Their opening remarks, veiled as comments about the weather, seemed to show
that relations had begun  to  ease.  Mr  Ke described Hongkong's weather as
better than it had been during  the summer, a reference to stormy relations
with Britain.

"Hongkong's summer is very hot,  November  is more comfortable. i hope that
after the New Year when spring comes, it should be even more comfortable."

In reply, Mr Galsworthy said the current  session was held at the best time
of the year in Hongkong.

Afterwards Mr Galsworthy described the morning session's "extremely good".

Other members attending yesterday's  meeting included British team members,
Mr Doug Martin, Mr Alan Paul,  Mr  William Ehrman and Mr Zheng Wei-rong, Mr
Qiao Zonghuai, Mr Wang Jiaji and Ms Zhang Youyun.

6. "If I Have To Go Back, I'll Feel Scared' Because Of 'Re-Education."
From:    "J. Ding"   <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source: Los Angeles Times (LT) - WEDNESDAY December 6, 1989
Edition: Home Edition   Section: View   Page: 1  Pt. E  Col. 4

China: 'If I have to go back, I'll feel scared' because of 're-education.'


Wu Fang, a UCLA graduate student, had  hoped  to return home to China to do
research on early childhood education.  But the bloody crackdown in Beijing
last June changed all that.

"Now, absolutely, I  can't  go,"  says  Wu,  who  has  participated in pro-
democracy rallies and  is  active  in  the  Chinese  student association on
campus. Wu, 35, believes that  if  she  goes back, she will be interrogated
and perhaps  even  arrested  for  expressing  her  political  views in this

Even if she is spared arrest,  Wu  says,  she  is afraid of being forced to
attend  "re-education"  meetings,   which   she   suspects  are  more  like
brainwashing sessions. Friends in China have  told her that since June, the
meetings have been required for returning students.

Like many of  the  40,000  Chinese  students  in  the  United States, Wu is
disappointed that President George Bush last  week vetoed a bill that would
have allowed  students  with  J-1  visa  status  to  stay  in  this country
indefinitely. More than 30,000 students have such status, given to visiting
scholars who receive financial aid from the Chinese government.

Bush's veto means the students would be required to return to China for two
years after  completing  their  studies.  Wu,  who  expects  to receive her
doctorate in two years, says, "If I have to go back, I'll feel scared."

Other students echo her fears that going back will be unbearable.

"Your mind will be tortured  because  you  will  have to say things that go
against your  conscience,"  says  Ding  Jian,  24,  a  UCLA library science
graduate student. Because returning  students  will be barred from speaking
freely,  they  won't  be  able  to  share  their  ideas  about  freedom and
democracy, he says.

Among those who would be  sent  back  is  Xu  Youyu, 28, a UCLA mathematics
major. Xu says  the  two-year  return  requirement has discouraged students
3rom participating in pro-democracy activities here.

"There have been some who feel  intimidated,"  he says, referring to a Nov.
26 rally near Westwood. More  than  200 Chinese students from local schools
attended, but countless others  stayed  home because they feared government
retribution if they are eventually sent back to China, he says.

Now, after Bush's veto, the  students  feel  even more vulnerable, Xu says.
"They feel sold out," he says.

As an alternative to  signing  the  bill,  Bush has proposed administrative
measures he says would offer  the  same  protection. But Xu, who notes that
such measures do not have the force of  law and can be revoked at any time,
says Chinese students are not  assured.  "We don't think it's an acceptable
compromise," he says.

In China, government rhetoric after  the  crackdown has been reminiscent of
that during the Cultural Revolution in  the late 1960s, when thousands were
persecuted for activities judged counter-revolutionary, Wu says.

The Chinese government's retaliation could  extend to a returning student's
family, Wu says.  Relatives  might  be  denied  the  chance to take college
entrance examinations or be passed over for job promotions, she says.

The Chinese describe the  harassment  as  "wearing  little glass shoes," Wu
says. The targeted person appears to  be living and working freely, but the
government pressure  is  always  there,  making  life  as  uncomfortable as
wearing shoes that pinch, she says.

"Other people can't see it,"  Wu  says  of  the subtle acts of retaliation.
"Only you can feel it."

Despite Bush's veto, Chinese students  say  they  are not defeated yet. "We
hope Congress will correct this  mistake,"  says Xu, who is optimistic that
when legislators reconvene in  January,  they will override the President's

Otherwise, Ding says, Chinese students  will  have  to live with an ominous
message from the Chinese  government:  "You  will  be coming home sooner or
later. You better be careful."

CAPTION: Photo: Chinese students, from  left,  Sen  Qi, Chun Shen, Wu Fang,
Hui Feng, Songren Cui and Ding Jian.
ROSEMARY KAUL / Los Angeles Times

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
Editor's note:

Thank  you for your concern and reading   News Digest. To keep more
of concerned people informed of China, you are kindly asked to help
introduce  the  News Digest to more of your close friends.

Have a very nice weekend!

Best regards

-- Bo Chi, on behalf of NDCanada.
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Fri Dec  8 10:31:54 EST 1989