[ut.chinese] Dec. 11

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/11/89)

               |          +---------I     __L__  ___/      \ -------I
          +----+----+     | ___\_\_ |      \./   |        | -----+- |
          |    |    |     |  __ \/  |     --+--  |---     |  |---|  |
          I----+----I     | I__J/\  |     __|__  |  |     |  |---|  |
               |          | _____ \ |      /| \  |  |     |  L__-|  |
               I          I---------J     / J  \/   |     | V    |  J

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 11 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
 1)  New Regulations To Keep CCP From "Six Evils"  ................  26
 2)  Caution On US Student Moves Urged   ..........................  74
 3)  Village Life Falls Into An Economic Pit (Analysis)   .........  78
 4)  (AP) Two High Level US Officials Arrived In China   ..........  51

1. New Regulations To Keep CCP From "Six Evils"
From:    "J. Ding"  <IZZYQ00@UCLAMVS.BITNET>
Source:  BEIJING (AP)   December 07, 1989

CommunistParty members involved in  prostitution  will be expelled from the
party, according to new regulations announced Thursday.

The  party's Central  Commission  for  Discipline Inspection said any party
member  who  sells  sexual  favors,  patronizes  a  prostitute or forces or
instigates others to do so will lose his or her party membership.

The  official Xinhua News  Agency  said  the  rules also stipulate that any
member  who  harbors a prostitute, shields related actions or obstructs the
investigation  or punishment of a prostitution case will receive punishment
more severe than removal from party posts.

Prostitution is one of the  "six  evils"  that  have become the target of a
nationwide anti-crime campaign. The others are gambling, drugs, the selling
of women and children, pornography and superstition.     The  "evils"  have
been  linked  to the Western  tendencies the current hard-line   leadership
has  sought  to  eradicate   since  suppressing  the pro-democracy movement
in the spring.

Prostitution  is  believed  to    be    most  prevalent in Canton and other
free-wheeling  southern  China cities and in other cities such as Shanghai,
where contacts with foreigners are on the increase.

2. Caution On US Student Moves Urged
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/8/89

[By Daniel Kwan]

Beijing should find out  what  steps  Washington  will  take with regard to
Chinese students studying in the  US  before taking drastic action such ass
freezing academic exchanges between the  two  countries, an expert on Sino-
American academic exchanges said yesterday.

"The longer Beijing can postpone taking (drastic) action, the better," said
Mr Glenn Shive, director  of  the  Institute  of International Education in

"Chinese leaders should also let the  dusts (of the June 4 Tiananmen Square
crackdown) settle," he added.

The United State President, Mr  George  Bush,  last week vetoed a bill that
would allow about 40,000 Chinese  students  now  in  the  US to apply for a
change of visa status, allowing them to stay on.

However, Mr Bush approved administrative arrangements that would accomplish
the same goals as the bill.

Mr Shive said whether Congress  will  over-ride Mr Bush's veto would depend
on what action the  Chinese  authorities  adopt  before Congress resumes in

Mr Shive, she was giving  a  talk  at the University of Hongkong yesterday,
said Beijing would like to  have  its students returned home and contribute
to its modernisation programme.

Although the bill had taken care of those who had entered the United States
before June 4, those in China would now not be as lucky because the Chinese
authorities would close the door to stop them leaving, Mr Shive said.

"Not all of the 40,000 Chinese  students  in the United States now are real
political activists. If the bill is passed and made into law, those who are
not will get a windfall of American passports," he said.

Although  the  September  intake  of  Chinese  students  in  most  American
universities remained roughly at the same  level  as in last year, Mr Shive
expected there would be  a  decrease  next  autumn when new provisions were
implemented by Chinese officials across the country.

New  provisions  which  had  made  overseas  education  more  difficult for
ordinary people were already being put into force in China.

Approval of applicants by unit heads  was  required and unit heads would be
held responsible if they failed to return after graduation.

Despite the souring of relationships  between  the United States and China,
Mr Shive believed the Soviet  Union  and other Eastern Bloc countries would
not be able to replace the United States in the area of academic exchanges.

One reason is that  China  had  benefited  financially  as  a result of the
academic exchange programmes it carried out with the United States.

"Students from Eastern Bloc countries  and  the Soviet Union cannot provide
the revenue that the American students have generated," he said.

Mr Shive pointed out that  if  the  Unired States bowed to Chinese pressure
and made it harder for Chinese  students to stay after graduation, it might
create problems in academic circles in American universities.

A large number of Chinese  students  in  the  United States are holding J-1
visas and are engaged in research for post-graduate courses.

Under existing rules, they are required to return home for two years before
applying to the United States for a change of visa status.

If they were made to leave  the  US,  their research would be disrupted, Mr
Shive said.

3. Village Life Falls Into An Economic Pit (Analysis)
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net
Source:  South Morning Post, 12/8/89

[By Daniel Kwan]

When Dr Anita Chan and Dr  Jonathan Unger of Australian National University
firat started their research  on  Chinese  villages  in the 70s, they could
never have imagined the changes that would happen in the years to follow.

To avoid reprisals from  the  authorities,  the  real names of the villages
were avoided and they were called the "Chen village".

Dr Chan and Dr Unger's  research  findings  were  summarised in a book Chen
Village: The Recent History of a Peasant Community in Mao's China published
in 1984 when China's economic reform was in its heyday.

Since then, significant changes have taken place in Chen village.

In 1984, Chinese  farmers  witnessed  the  best  harvest  they have seen in
decades, foreign  businessmen  talked  enthusiastically  about the "billion
China market", and  shiploads  of  Hongkong  compatriots made their journey
back home and set up factories in the Pearl River delta.

But in late 1987, economic reform  measures initiated by senior leader Deng
Xiaoping and carried out by his  proteges,  the late Hu Yaobang and the now
disgraced party chief Zhao Ziyang, hit  rock and the economy was in serious

Inflation was more than 30 per  cent  in most urban cities.  Corruption was
rampant and profiteering by "unauthorised officials" was serious.

"Now, all the industries, or 90  per  cent of them, are factories belonging
to Hongkong businessmen," Dr Chan said.

Besides the inflow of capital from  Hongkong, millions of peasants who came
from outside provinces have also changed  the landscape.  Paddy fields were
filled with rubbles and mountains were levelled.

People's livelihood there has become completely dependent upon Hongkong and
if the territory goes down, they go down together, Dr Chan added.

Rapid social change has created many problems.  People are being classified
into different social groups, ironically, not according to ideologies as in
the 60s, but by their origins.

People who have relatives  in  Hongkong  belong  to  the  first group.  The
second class are local people who  had  moved  out of farming and worked in
factories or some private business.    The third are outside peasants hired
to do manual labour for local people.

According to the two professors,  many  of  the  peasants who came to Baoan
County from such poor provinces as  Sichuan, Guangxi and Hunan cannot speak
the local dialect (Cantonese) and live separately.

They do not have the right  of  residence  but are required to pay taxes to
the local authorities and their wages are lower than what local people earn
although they may be doing EXACTly the same job, Dr Chan says.

"In one particular case,  a  Hongkong  businessmen  hired 300 Sichuanese to
work vegetable field.  They all live in  the middle of the field and we saw
people sleeping on planks.

"But they are happy in a  sense  that  life  even then is better than where
they come from."

An orange farming  fever  swept  through  the  Pearl  River delta area this

"Suddenly, the peasants  in  the  delta  area  around  the southern part of
Guangdong thought that they could make  a killing by growing oranges," said
Dr Chan.

"They turned their paddies into orchards.   Now they have about one million
catties of oranges which they can't sell as they have no outlet."

As for the impact of the June  event  in the Chen village, they said: "This
issue is too sensitive and we have avoided a sking about it."

4. (AP) Two High Level US Officials Arrived In China
From: yawei@aqua.bacs.indiana.edu

BEIJING - Two of President  Bush's  top advisers arrived Saturday for talks
with Chinese leaders.

They are the highest-ranking  U.S.  officials  to  visit since the military
crushed the pro-democracy movement in June.

National Security Adviser  Brent  Scowcroft  and  Deputy Secretary of State
Lawrence Eagleburger were to brief Chinese leaders on the Malta summit.

''The two officials will continue the  U.S. practice of keeping the Chinese
leadership informed  of  major  developments  in U.S.-U.S.S.R. relations,''
White House spokesman Marline  Fitzwater  said  in a statement issued early

The two arrived by special plane, the Foreign Ministry said.

Scowcroft was scheduled to  meet  with  Foreign  Minister Qian Qichen later

The U.S. Embassy refused comment  on  the  visit and how it reconciled with
Bush's ban on high-level  contacts  imposed  after the Chinese government's
violent suppression of pro-democracy dissent.

Fitzwater said that while  Bush,  a  former ambassador to China, ''deplores
the tragedy of Tiananmen Square  last June, China nevertheless remains part
of the world around us.

The president views China as an important country in world affairs.
''The president has concluded that  it  is appropriate and in the long-term
interest of the  United  States  to  inform  the  Chinese leadership of his
discus- sions with the Soviet leader,'' Fitzwater added.

There was speculation in  Beijing  that  the  two  sides may discuss how to
resolve the  situation  of  astrophysicist  Fang  Lizhi,  the pro-democracy
dissident who has  been  hiding  in  the  U.S.  Embassy  with  his wife, Li
Shuxian, since the June crackdown.

The Chinese  side  has  branded  the  couple  as counterrevolutionaries and
issued warrants for their arrest.

The Chinese government says  300  people,  mostly soldiers, died during the
violent suppression of pro-democ-  racy  demonstrators in Beijing June 3-4.
Witnesses and Western sources say hundreds  or even thousands died, most of
the victims unarmed civilians.

Following meetings in China, Scowcroft and Eagleburger will travel to Japan
before returning to Washington Monday, said Fitzwater.

|  Executive Editor:  Yaxiong Lin       E_mail:   aoyxl@asuacvax.bitnet  |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Mon Dec 11 09:05:37 EST 1989