[ut.chinese] Dec. 18

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/18/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 18 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
 1.   Japan Returns Hijacked Plane and
            Hijacker's Wife and Child To China ....................... 31
 2.   News From Nankai University in Tianjin Province ................ 19
 3.   Beijing Workers Hold Rally Over Wages .......................... 23
 4.   China Devalued Its Currency (RMB) by 21.2% ..................... 42
 5.   Wu'er Kaixi Struggles With English, Subtleties of Leadership ... 97

1.  Japan Returns Hijacked Plane and Hijacker's Wife and Child To China
Source: Associated Press, 12/16/89

    A  Chinese  airliner  hijacked to Japan was flown back  to  Beijing  on
Sunday, with the hijacker's wife and 10-year-old son on board.

    The Air  China  Boeing  747  was  heading  from  Beijing to New York on
Saturday when a knife-wielding man ordered the pilot to fly to South Korea.
South  Korea refused permission to land, and the pilot diverted to Fukuoka,
560 miles southwest of Tokyo.

    President  Yang Shangkun, at a brief news conference before setting out
on  an  11-day  trip  to  the Middle East, thanked Japanese authorities for
their cooperation in ending the hijacking.

    The hijacker, who was hospitalized, was not on the return flight.

    Police  and  airline officials said they did not know the status of the
returning  wife and child, but foreign reporters saw her led from the plane
in handcuffs.

    Japanese  police  said  Zhang's wife, whose name has not been released,
said she wanted to return to China. They quoted Zhang as saying she and the
child did not know about his hijacking plans.

    An official at the Civil Aviation Administration of China, in charge of
all  airlines,  said 185 of the 200 passengers on Air China Flight 981 flew
back  with  the  plane and would re-start their journey. He said the others
planned to continue their trip from Japan.

    CAAC  said  most  of  the passengers were Chinese. Japanese police said
there were 19 non-Chinese, including 12 Americans.

    Flight  981  was  on a flight from Beijing to New York via Shanghai and
San Francisco when Zhang ordered the plane to fly to South Korea.

2.  News From Nankai University in Tianjin Province
From: ND Correspondent

The following news is from a Chinese student who keep close connection with
Nankai University, his mother school.

1. A student of Class 86(those who entered Nankai in 1986) was sentenced to
   seven  years imprisonment for putting out a poster to denounce the  June
   4th massacre. His crime: anti-revolutionary propagada.

2. A student of Class 86 commited suicide by jumping from the high level of
   a building,  where she was detained(Ge2 Li2 Shen3 Cha2)  by order the of
   the  school  officials to investigate her connections with  the  illegal
   student  organization  in  Beijing(Bei3  Gao1  Lian2)   during  the  May
   demostrations.   This  was  the first confirmed suicide  case  that  was
   directly   related  to  the  persecusion  movement  following  the  June

3. No  official  document  has been issued yet to  ban  students  or  young
   faculties to study overseas. But the Univ. has decided that any graduate
   student  must  pay RMB 21,000(about $5,500  by official rate)   for  his
   education received in Nankai before he can be 'allowed' to go; the price
   for a undergraduate is RMB 17,000(about $4,600).

3.  Beijing Workers Hold Rally Over Wages
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net (Society of HKU Postgraduates)
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/16/89

    Bottled-up  discontent  at government policies has surfaced in  Beijing
where a row over wages recently erupted at China's biggest steel works  and
students held their first protest march in six months.

    A  government  official  confirmed  yesterday that  students  from  the
Beijing  institute  of  Aeronautics had defied martial law  by  staging  an
illegal  march last Saturday and that eight had been arrested.   One  later

    While students were demanding political change,  workers at the  nearby
Capital  Iron  and  Steel  Works have been complaining  angrily  about  the
government's economic austerity policy.

    Workers  interviewed  near the foundry's belching chimneys said  a  pay
dispute  with managers of the state-run plant had boiled over  into  heated
arguments late last month.

    "The arguments blew up quite badly when we found out about it,"  said a
foundry worker.  "Workers were shouting and swearing at the foremen all day
and grumbling to each other."

    He  and  others  from different workshops in the sprawling  complex  of
180,000  staff confirmed widespread rumours that the company's managers had
failed to award November pay bonuses which workers said they deserved.

4.  China Devalued Its Currency (RMB) by 21.2%
From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net (Society of HKU Postgraduates)
Source : South China Morning Post, 12/16/89

>From John Kohut in Beijing, Geoffrey Grothall and Daniel Kwan

    China devalued its currency by 21.2 per cent yesterday in an attempt to
boost  exports  and revive an ailing economy in which factories  have  been
forced to cut production drastically and lay off large numbers of workers.

    The devaluation,  which was expected - but not this early - should help
cut  China's  trade deficit by making Chinese exports cheaper  and  imports
more expensive.

    China  needs hard currency to pay off its US$40  billion foreign  debt,
much of which falls due over the next few years.

    Trade,   investment and tourism have fallen since the June 4  political
crackdown, leaving the government strapped for cash.

    As  of  today  one US dollar will buy 4.7339  yuan,  compared  to  only
3.37314 previously, To buy a US dollar 4.7103 yuan will be needed,  up from

    It  is the first devaluation in more than three years and represents  a
cut of 21.2 per cent on the old mid-rate of 3.72 yuan.

    The  new  rate  applies mainly to foreign exchange  certificates  which
foreigners, whether tourists or residents, are obliged to use in China.  On
the black market, the dollar has been trading at around 5.5 yuan.

    It  was not immediately clear whether the devaluation would affect  the
swap market,  a facility made avaliable to foreign traders and investors to
attract business to China.

    That rate has tended to be closer to the black market rate.

    Foreign  businessmen  in  Beijing said the devaluation  could  lead  to
higher prices in China's joint venture hotels, which import the majority of
their  goods,   but  for  joint ventures in general  the  effect  would  be

    However,   foreign ventures that import goods for sale in China will be
hard hit. The devaluation is in line with China's policy of cutting imports
and  will  clearly  make foreign goods less attractive to  China's  already
cash-starved consumers.

    The  news  of the devaluation caused a minor spree of panic  buying  of
imported goods yesterday evening, Shanghai residents said.

5.  Wu'er Kaixi Struggles With English, Subtleties of Leadership
From: lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU (Fangzhen Lin)
Source: Associated Press, 12/17/89


    SOMERVILLE, Mass. Of all America's wonders, nothing has impressed Wu'er
Kaixi like the yellow school bus.

    "It's great," said the 21-year-old student, one of the spring's protest
leaders  in Tiananmen Square.  ''When it puts on its lights,   every  other
vehicle  must stop.  It shows that in America,  the most important thing is
the person.

    "In China, no one respects people."

    Wu'er,  who was put on China's most-wanted list after the army shot its
way into Beijing in June and ended the pro-democracy protests, is trying to
continue the fight from half a world away. It hasn't been easy.

    At  1:30  a.m.  one bitterly cold December night,  he sat slumped in  a
chair  in his shabby suburban Boston office,  painfully practicing a speech
in English.

    "We  must remember our brothers and sisters who died during  the  fight
for democracy in Tiananmen Square,"  he read,  coached by a Chinese student
with better command of English.

    His  more difficult struggle,  however,  is mastering the subtleties of
leadership, something that seemed simple enough amid the marching masses in
the square.

    There,  crowds  rallied  to  the  personal  magnetism of Wu'er, a Uygur
minority student at the Beijing Teachers' University. Classmates hailed him
on  campus as "lingxiu"  -  leader - and foreign journalists flocked to his
tiny, ill-lit dormitory room, jammed with the bunks of eight students.

    Impulsive,  dramatic,  boastful and impassioned,  Wu'er was the student
most  often  the focus of foreign television cameras in the seven weeks  of
marches  and  hunger strikes.  He seemed to recognize no authority:   At  a
meeting  of  student  leaders with Premier Li Peng,  he  even  accused  the
premier of being rude.

    The  cameras followed him in exile - to Paris,  where he fled via  Hong
Kong during the long summer of arrests in China, and to Somerville. Here he
heads  the American office of the Front for a Democratic China,   the  main
group formed by Chinese dissidents to continue their movement.

    American reporters grant him celebrity status,  but some fellow Chinese
resent the attention and accuse Wu'er of un-Chinese vanity.

    Many  young Chinese abroad look to him for leadership.   Older  exiles,
traditionally paternalistic, lecture him in public for immaturity.

    The Chinese-language press in the United States,  financed from  Taiwan
and  mindful of financial scandal in past exile groups,  has tried to  find
evidence of money mishandling by Wu'er and his aides.

    The  strain shows.  In the Front's office,  Wu'er looked harried as  he
fielded  telephone  requests for speeches.  Three equally young  volunteers
dashed  back  and  forth,  asking him about the draft agenda  for  a  Front

    "It's  harder than in Beijing,"  he said.  "In Beijing,  they tell  you
everything - what you can do and can't do.  Here,  for everything you  have
more than 100 choices."

    Wu'er  is  taking courses in English and Chinese literature as  a  non-
degree  student  at Harvard.  "It's too hard to me sometimes,"  he said  in
English  learned  almost entirely since June,  and still far short  of  his
needs. I understand about 30 to 50 percent of my classes."

    Wu'er's health has suffered.  He has collapsed several times in public,
most  recently  after  a Harvard rally marking six months  since  the  June

    His closest aide,  Pierre Fournier,  a  French student who met Wu'er in
Paris,   said doctors found nothing seriously ailing Wu'er but did  note  a
rapid heartbeat.

    "It's nothing," said Wu'er.  Peering into a mirror at his pale face and
dark-shadowed eyes,  he grimaced and then grinned.  "I've lost weight,  I'm

    An  article  in  the Chinese-language World Journal  last  month  first
broached  the  possibility  of improper use of  donations  to  the  student
movement.  The paper said Wu'er,  who receives no formal salary,   accepted
some  donations for personal use instead of giving everything to the Front.
It accused him of staying at expensive hotels and furnishing the Somerville
office  lavishly.   Other  reports  said  he  should  donate  speech  fees,
reportedly as high as $10,000, to the Front.

    "Wu'er  doesn't  really pay attention to details.  He should have  been
more  careful,"   said Harvard student activist Luo Zhexi.   He  and  other
students  said  Wu'er was innocent of legal or moral blame and  was  merely
inexperienced. He is now accounting for all money, they said.

    His  office looked far from luxurious.  The donated  second-hand  desks
were  deeply scratched,  and volunteers wore thick sweaters in  the  poorly
heated rooms.

    Wu'er has tried to ease the tension by retreating a bit.

    "I don't want to be a media star,"  he said. "That's not what we wanted
in Tiananmen."

|  Executive Editor:  Deming Tang       E_mail:   tang@alisuvax.bitnet   |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Mon Dec 18 10:34:31 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/18/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 18 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
1. FCSSC Plans to Visit Taiwan ........................................ 20
2. Introduction To Chinese Canadian National Council (CCNC) ........... 98

1. FCSSC Plans to Visit Taiwan 
ND correspondent from U. M.

Mr.  Xiaohua  Qu, the  Chairman of FCSSC, is invited along with a
group  of  mainland  Chinese pro-democratic activists to attend a
conference Taiwan at the end of year.

The  conference  is  scheduled  on  Dec.29-30, 1989 at Taipei and
hosted by Taiwan's ChengChi University.

About  40  scholars  in Taiwan and 30 guests from North American,
Europe,  and  Japan  will  attend the conference. Leading Chinese
dissidents Liu BinYan, Su Shaozhi, Su Wei, Wan Runnun (from FDC),
Hu  Ping  (Min  Lian) and Mr. Liu YongChuan (chairman of Quan Mei
Xue Lian), etc. are also in the list of the invited.

The  spokesman  of  FCSSC's  headquarter said that the purpose of
this  visit is to discuss and exchange the opinions about China's
political,  economic,  and cultural problems, to contact and com-
municate  with  students  and scholars in Taiwan. FCSSC hope such
activities  can  promote  better  understanding  more interaction
between Chinese peoples with different background.
2. Introduction To  Chinese   Canadian  National  Council  (CCNC)

What Is The CCNC ?

   In  1979,  Chinese Canadians across the country united to pro-
test   the  irresponsible  journalism  of  a  national  televised
program:"Campus  Giveaway".  As a result, CTV publicly apologized
for  the  racist  overtones and inaccu- racies of that particular
episode.  More significantly, the participants against W5(W5 is a
TV program in Canada, like 60 Minutes of CBS or 20/20  of of ABC)
from  cities  across  Canada  assembled  and held a conference in
Toronto.   Out  of  that  meeting,  the  importance and need of a
strong,  national organization became so evident that the Chinese
Canadian National Council was formed.

What Are The CCNC Objectives?

   To promote the rights of all individuals, in particular, those
of Chinese Canadians and to encourage their full and equal parti-
cipation in Canadian society.
   To  create  an environment in this country in which the rights
of all individuals are fully recognized and protected.
   To promote understanding and cooperation between Chinese Cana-
dians and all other ethnic, cultural and racial groups in Canada.
   To  encourage  and  develop  in  persons of Chinese descent, a
desire to know and to respect their historical and cultural heri-
tage:  to  educate them in adopting a creative and positive atti-
tude towards the Chinese Canadian contribution to society.

How Does The CCNC Meet These Goals?

   By developing a strong national voice; encouraging new members
across Canada to work with existing groups in the Chinese commun-
ity;  cooperating  with other ethnic and cultural groups; setting
up an effective national network of communication.
   By  working in the areas of human and civil rights; monitoring
the media; fighting stereotyping and institutional racism.
   Political  awareness  and participation; sponsoring all candi-
dates  meeting;  informing  the  public of important issues which
affect  them; submissions to different levels of government; pol-
itical   awareness   workshops;   active   participation  in  the
decision-making of our government's policies.
   Cultural  and social activities; festivals, street fairs, spe-
cial  events  and  community  activities;  developing  a resource
library;  historical  and  cultural heritage exhibit that travels
across Canada; sending out a newsletter regularly.
   New  ideas  and  plans  for  improvement  are constantly being


   There  are twenty nice local chapters and affiliates in Canada
located   in  Vancouver,  Victoria,  Edmonton,  Calgary,  Regina,
Saskatoon,  Winnipeg,  London,  Windsor, Hamilton, Moncton, Metro
Toronto,  Etobicoke, Scarborough, Ottawa, Sarnia, Montreal, Hali-
fax,  Saint  John, Fredericton, Kingston, Pembroke, Prince Edward
Island,  Newfoundland  and  Labrador.  The National Office of the
CCNC is located in Toronto.
   The  CCNC  conducts  its charitable and educational activities
through  the  Chinese Canadian National Education Fund in compli-
ance  with the Income Tax Act. Donations received are tax credit-

Redress Campaign

   In  1984,  CCNC  formally  took  up  the redress issue for the
Chinese Exclusion Act and Head Tax. These were two very devastat-
ing and racist Canadian laws which led to tremendous hardship and
the  separation  of  families,  not  ending until years after the
repeal  of  the Exclusion Act in 1947. The Redress Campaign calls
upon  the  government  of Canada to acknowledge the injustice and
racism  and recognize the suffering of individual Chinese Canadi-
ans that resulted from this legislated discrimination. Many head-
tax  payers, now in their eighties or nineties, are still waiting
to see justice done.

The Success Of The CCNC Requires Your Help:

   Give  some  our  your concern and effort towards improving and
enriching the quality of life for Chinese Canadians in this coun-
try. At the same time, meet others like yourself who find excite-
ment,  fun  and satisfaction in participating in their community.
Become a member and volunteer of the CCNC.

   For more information, contact:
   Jacky Pang, Executive Director or contact our National Office:
   386 Bathurst Street
   2nd floor
   Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S6

           (received November 6, 1989)
Supplied by Chow-ying Wong (CCNC coordinator)

Note:  CCNC,  with  Canadian  Bureau  for International Education
(CBIE),  has been carrying on "The National Emergency Support for
Chinese  Students" financed by Canadian International Development

News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Mon Dec 18 13:04:07 EST 1989