[ut.chinese] Dec. 21

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/21/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 21 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines

 Headline News ....................................................... 70
 1. Consulate Official  Visited Buffalo .............................. 23
 2. Public Security Newspaper Questioned
             the Useage of Military Suppression ...................... 17
 3. Exiles Work To Keep Democracy Movement Alive .................... 124

 Headline News

(1)  President  George Bush has approved the sale of  three  communications
     satellites  to the People's Republic of China and has partially lifted
     the  restrictions on American companies doing business in  China  that
     had  been imposed following the Chinese Government's June  suppression
     of the pro-democracy movement.
                              From: ONLINE-L@IRISHMVS.BITNET (JBH Online)
                            Source: BBC, 12/20/89

(2)  When asked about last week's bloody crackdown in Romania,  a  spokeman
     of Foreign Affair Department of China said on December 20 that we only
     learnt  some  reports from foreign newspapers...we always  think  that
     what  happening  in  some East Europe  countries  are  their  internal
     affairs, and we do not interrupt others' internal affairs.
                              From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
                            Source: France News Agency, Beijing, 12/20/89

(3)  East  German  Prime  Minister Hans Modrow and West  German  Chancellor
     Helmut  Kohl  agreed  Tuesday  in Dresden  to  the  reopening  of  the
     Brandenburg  Gate in Berlin and lifting of all travel restrictions for
     all  Germans in time for Christmas.   The agreement was announced at a
     joint news conference following their meeting.
                          From: ONLINE-L@IRISHMVS.BITNET (JBH Online)
                        Source: Radio Netherlands International,12/20/89

(4)  Bucking a strong trend in Africa and Eastern Europe,  President Robert
     Mugabe  Tuesday  urged  the establishment in Zimbabwe of  a  one-party
     state  based on Marxist-Leninist principles.  He did so in his opening
     speech  to  the  first national convention  of  the  Zimbabwe  African
     National  Union,  or ZANU,  since it united with a long time political
     foe, the Zimbabwe African People's Union, or ZAPU.
                          From: Tang@alisuvax.bitnet (Deming Tang)
                        Source: Des Moines Register, 12/20/89

    The  US  Government  has  sent troops into the Republic  of  Panama  to
protect Americans there and to bring indicted leader General Manuel Antonio
Noriega to the US to stand trial on drug trafficking charges.  The military
operation began at approximately 1am Wednesday local time (07:00 UTC/GMT, I
believe).   As part of the operation,  the Panama Canal has been closed for
the first time in its 75-year history.

    Guillermo  Endara,  the opposition candidate who is widely believed  to
have won last May's national election by a wide margin before the  election
was invalidated by the Noriega regime,  has been sworn in as President.  In
a   televised  address,   President  Bush  announced  the  US  Government's
recognition of Endara's government.

    The  Government  of the USSR has termed the action a violation  of  the
United  Nations  Charter and has called on the US to  stop  the  "invasion"
immediately.    British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the  action

                       From: ONLINE-L@IRISHMVS.BITNET (JBH Online)
                       Source: BBC, 12/20/89

    Tokyo,   Japan  - In the first of what is expected to be  a  series  of
transfers,   the Japanese government said Tuesday that it would  repatriate
301   Chinese  who  sailed  here over the summer falsely  asserting  to  be
Vietnamese refugees and seeking to resettle in Japan.

                        Source: Des Moines Register, 12/20/89
                        From: Tang@alisuvax.bitnet (Deming Tang)

    A  just  concluded  conference  on  political  work  in  the   People's
Liberation Army (PLA)  has called for promoting ideological discipline  and
improving relations between the Army and the populace.
                        Source : South China Morning Post, 12/19/89
                        By Willy Wo-Lap Lam
                        From: hkucs!kwchan@uunet.UU.net 
1. Consulate Official  Visited Buffalo
source: soc.culture.china

    Mr.  Zhao, Zhenkang, from General Consulate of PRC in NewYork
City,  visited  Buffalo  last Sunday.  During his staying in Buf-
falo,  he  had  a meeting with Lian Yi Hui (CSC) council members.
The  following  is  a memo about the meeting.  Mr. Zhao made some
"interesting" points about the J-1 issue.


        Memo of the meeting with Consulate official

    The  5 CSC Council members met with Zhao, Zhengkang, the Con-
sulate  official,  last  Sunday.  The  biggest and most sensitive
topic was, as you may expect, the J-1 issue.

    He asked if we could say that the US government 1) interfered
China's  internal  affairs;  2)  teared up the agreement; 3) Lue3
Duo2 Zhong1 Gou2 Ren2 Cai2.
    Our  answer:  1)  No.  The government action is upon most J-1
holders  request.  2)  Yes.  It's  a fact due to what happened in
China.  3)  No.   Neither the presidential directive nor the bill
mentioned anything leading to this conclusion.

    Finally he let us tell everybody the official attitude of the
Consulate  towards  the  Government  action:  The  purpose of the
administration order is to protect Chinese students, but there is
"no  persecution  on  the  students  and  scholars returning from
abroad".   If  anybody applies for what the US government offers,
there must have had some "political considerations".
    No further interpretation of the above was given by Mr. Zhao.
But everyone can figure out what he means. More details will come
at our next gathering.
2.  Public Security Newspaper Questioned the Useage of Military Suppression
From: simone.nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: France News Agency, Beijing, 12/20/89

    Six months after the military crackdown in Tiananmen Square,  Beijing's
'The People's  Public Security Daily'  questioned the wisedom of using  gun
and tear gas to suppress rebellions.

    The  paper pointed that when facing hostile rebellions,   a   qualified
police officer should not immediately count on arm. In stead, he should try
to make dialogue and find out solutions.

    France  News  Agency  obtained  this news paper  of  Nov  17th  through
diplomat in Beijing.

    The  article  said  that a police officer should not use arm  when  the
officer  was nervous,  angry,  or out of control of his temper,  especially
when there  were onlookers around.

    The article added that there was no clear law in China  as  how to deal
with re-bellion although there  were some internal regulatons in the public
security system.

3.  Exiles Work To Keep Democracy Movement Alive
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU>
Source: Associated Press, 12/17/89


    SOMERVILLE,  Mass.  (AP) - Six months ago,  Chinese students around the
world rallied by the thousands and hastily formed aid committees after  the
bloody government attack on demonstrating classmates in Beijing's Tiananmen

    Today, foreign interest in their cause has waned, donations have fallen
off  and  internal bickering over personalities and policy has  hurt  their

    The  exiled  students watch wistfully as movements of the people  sweep
Eastern  Europe's  Communist parties from power -  and  China's  continuing
crackdown from newspaper front pages.

    Nonetheless, a core of activists, led by students who survived the June
3-4 army attack and fled overseas,  are putting college and careers on hold
and  exposing  themselves  and their families to political  retribution  to
organize a long-term fight for democracy from exile.

    "It  is  our duty to speak before the whole world:  Chinese people  are
suffering,"  said Li Lu,  23,  one of only two students who escaped in June
while on the Chinese government's most-wanted list of 21  students.  He now
studies  economics  at Columbia University in New York City  but  says  his
career will be fighting for human rights in China.

    "I feel deeply guilty,"  said Li,  pressing his hand to his heart.  His
wife,  whom he married amid the bright student banners in Tiananmen Square,
remains in China.

    In world history,  exile groups have a poor record of achieving  change
at  home.  Prospects are especially bleak for the exiles from China,  where
many  of  the  1.1  billion people are semi-literate peasants  with  little
awareness of events abroad.

    "What  we  do here is limited,"  acknowledged An Wei,   who  came  from
Beijing to study and now works part-time at the China Information Center in
the Boston suburb of Newton. The center was set up in May to get news about
Chinese  political developments into and out of China,  including  randomly
faxing Western news reports to Chinese offices.

    "Any change (in China)  will have to happen from within.  But  external
pressure can have an impact," he said. "If we send in 100 faxes and only 10
get into the hands of concerned people, that will help."

    Results may be slow in coming,  said 21-year-old Wu'er Kaixi, the other
key student leader to escape. He is now studying at Harvard.

    "We must wait for a good opportunity. It could be Deng Xiaoping's death
or another student movement or changes in the military," he said. ''When it
comes,  we have to be ready ...  to return in a minute to China and play  a

    Wu'er  is  one  of  the leaders of the Front for  a  Democratic  China,
founded  in  Paris  in September and the most  prominent  of  the  overseas
Chinese activist groups.

    In an underheated apartment in an aging frame house in Somerville, just
outside Boston, Wu'er and fellow Chinese students run the Front's main U.S.
office.  They write speeches for his frequent public appearances, lobby for
foreign sanctions against China and plot to spirit other dissidents out.

    From dozens of makeshift offices and homes across the United States and
abroad,   other  exile groups also churn out news releases  and  manifestos
demanding democracy and smuggle anti-government materials into China.

    A  week ago,  their goal of persuading foreign governments to  pressure
China  on human rights was dealt a blow by the trip to Beijing of  National
Security  Adviser  Brent  Scowcroft,  Deputy Secretary  of  State  Lawrence
Eagleburger and a White House aide, the first high-level American officials
to visit since the killings in June. The Bush administration said the visit
was meant to mend strained ties between the two governments.

    But  even  before  Scowcroft's visit,  many activists  said  they  were
disappointed  by the official American stance.  The U.S.  Consulate in Hong
Kong  refused visas to many fleeing Chinese dissidents.  President Bush has
vetoed bills that tried to widen sanctions against China and allow students
to remain in the United States indefinitely.

    Bush  ordered  administrative  protection for  Chinese  students,   but
activists remain dissatisfied, noting he is free to cancel the order at any

    Next to their visa status,  financing is the main worry of the  Chinese
groups, which share a scruffy, penny-pinched look.

    The  China Information Center is one of the better housed,  in  a  two-
story frame house provided by an ecumenical religious group.  It pays  rent
when it can.

    The Independent Federation of Chinese Students and Scholars,  based  in
Washington,   was formed by Chinese student groups on a number of  campuses
around the country.  In Chicago,  six Chinese students tape daily half-hour
programs  of news and commentary that are broadcast into China on  shifting
frequencies as "The Voice of June 4."

    The  movement's only newspaper to date is the Press Freedom  Herald  in
Los Angeles. Yan Zhongmei, a Chinese visiting scholar in Tokyo, has started
a magazine, Democratic China.

    Spiritual  grandfather  to all the groups is the Chinese  Alliance  for
Democracy,   formed seven years ago by a Chinese student defector.  From  a
small  apartment  in  the New York City borough of  Queens,   the  Alliance
publishes the anti-Communist magazine China Spring.

    The  Alliance offers a sobering example to newcomers:  although it  has
found  steady  if  sparse financial support and  survived  bitter  internal
splits, it can claim to have influenced only small groups of urban Chinese,
despite efforts by underground members in China.

    The  newcomers  realize that to do merely as well,   they  must  become
better organized and work together,  overcoming the historical tendency  of
Chinese  groups  abroad toward factionalism.  Already,  fellow exiles  have
criticized  Wu'er  in  public for alleged immaturity,  and  divisions  have
developed over whether the Communist Party can be reformed from within.

    They also must figure out how to introduce democracy in a country  with
no tradition of popular participation in government.

    "The sad thing is everybody wants democracy and freedom, but if you ask
them what kind of democracy, they can't answer," An said.

    Yang  Lixin,  president of the Chinese Student Association of  Columbia
University,   said  new groups such as the Front have  yet  to  democratize
themselves.  "Very frequently,  it is because (the exiles)   learned  about
democracy from books," he said. "They don't know how it works."

    They are trying to learn, in part through lobbying activities.

    But  many  fear Americans will forget them,  as they believe  the  U.S.
government is doing.

    In  June,  the China Solidarity Committee set up in Washington by  Feng
Shengping had seven full-time volunteers answering telephone  calls.   "Now
one person can handle everything," he said.

    Some  say  they have received vague warnings from Chinese officials  of
eventual retribution, or their families in China have been questioned.

    Feng  predicts some activists will lose interest or be forced  to  find
paying jobs.

    "But  some will stay,  definitely,  just like after a big tide is over,
you still have rocks left behind," he said.

    "People like me have burned our bridges. If we want to go back to China
to  see our parents and friends,  we have to promote the cause,  or else we
must stay here forever."

|  Executive Editor:  Deming Tang       E_mail:   tang@alisuvax.bitnet   |
News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Thu Dec 21 11:06:36 EST 1989