[ut.chinese] Dec. 22

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/22/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 22 (I), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
1. Hardline Leader Falls in Romania .................................. 25 

1.  Hardline Leader Falls in Romania

      The  wave of reform that has swept Eastern Europe is claim-
ing  another  victory.   This time, the government of Romania has
fallen, along with its hardline leader, Nicolae Ceausescu.

      Reports  from  Romania say that overthrown dictator Nicolae
Ceausescu,  and  his  wife  Elena,  has been arrested.  It is not
clear where they were arrested.

      Romania soldiers who opened fire on protesters on Thursday,
joined  the  demonstrators.   Protesters  in Bucharest climbed on
tanks, shouting "We are for freedom!"

      Diplomats  say  Corneliu  Manescu,  73,  the  head  of  the
National  Salvation  Front, which seized power in Romania, is one
of the leaders of the movement against Nicolae Ceausescu.

      The crisis in Romania and other developments in the Eastern
Europe  will top the agenda when a Soviet Communist Party delega-
tion begins a week long visit on to China on Saturday.

                   source:  from  Broadcast  News  in Canada
                           (Cable  TV  22  in Toronto area)
                            9:30  a.m.   December  22, 1989
			    via rzhu@violet.uwaterloo.ca	

News    Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
--------------------    ---------------------
Local Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Fri Dec 22 11:21:51 EST 1989

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/22/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 22 (II), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                  # of Lines
 Headline News  .......................................................  20
 1. Britan Intends to Give 225,000 HK Chinese Residence Right  ........  29

Headline News
    Chinese President Yang said that if Israel gives up its  violent  policy
and  looks  for dialogue with PLO, it is possible that China would build di-
plomatic relationship with Israel, according  to  official  news  agency  of
From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Reuters, AP, 12/20/89

    Guangzhou city police announced the arrest of a Hong Kong businessman on
Dec.  16  after holding him for months in custody, accusing him of assisting
the escape of democracy movement activists in China.
From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Reuters, AP, 12/20/89

    Mr Bush's administrative directive may bring freedom to a  Chinese  cou-
ple.  They  illegally entered the U.S. with the woman who had been forced to
take abortion for several times in China.  Mr Li Jinlin and  his  wife  were
caught  by  INS  in the last march. Mr Li's wife then had a baby in New York
City.  The couple have a 10-year-old daughter already.
From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Reuters, AP, 12/20/89

The   government  of  Romania  has  fallen.  The hardline leader,
Nicolae  Ceausescu  escaped  after he had been captured with his
wife  Elena  in  a  helicopter. His whereabouts has not been known

source: BBC noon news report, 12/22/89
via ND correspondent from UW.

1. Britan Intends to Give 225,000 HK Chinese Residence Right
Subject: Associated Press, 12/20/89

By: Edith M. Lederer, Associated Press Writer

    Britain  said  Wednesday  it will  give  special  residence rights to an
estimated   225,000  Hong Kong Chinese to prevent a crippling brain drain in
the colony before it reverts to China in 1997.

   Right-wing  legislators in the governing Conservative Party threatened  a
parliamentary   rebellion  against  what  one  called  an  appalling wave of
immigration. The opposition Labor Party condemned the plan.

    Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd told the House of Commons that a  maximum
of   50,000  key  people  in  Hong Kong's public and private sector would be
given full British citizenship, along with their families. He estimated  the
total at 225,000 people.

    "Many of those who are leaving would not do so if they could obtain  the
assurance of right of abode in the United Kingdom," he said.

    In  Hong  Kong, the government welcomed the package though Governor  Sir
David   Wilson.  Several  legislators  said  they  would have preferred full
passports  for  all  British  nationals.  Wilson  said  the package was  not
"solely   for  the  elite"  and  would  help create the stability the colony

|   Executive Editor:  Sanyee Tang, tang@ssurf.ucsd.edu                    |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (12/22/89)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Dec. 29 (III), 1989

Table of Contents
                                                                  # of Lines
 1. Ceausescu Overthrown In Romania  ..................................  67
 2. Official Rally Turns into Mass Protest in Romania  ................  51
 3. Developments in EE and SU: Massacre in Timisoara, Romania  ........  80

1. Ceausescu Overthrown In Romania
From: YAWEI%AQUA.DECNET@iuvax.cs.indiana.edu
Source: Associated Press, 12/22/89

Vienna, Austria -- Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu was overthrown  Fri-
day after 24 years of oppressive rule.

    Fighting was reported between army  units  siding  with  protesters  and
forces loyal to Ceausescu.

    There were conflicting reports about who is in power.

    Ceausescu was forced to flee by a popular revolt that lasted less than a
week but claimed the lives of hundreds of people slain by security forces.

    Hundreds of thousands of people filled the streets of Bucharest and oth-
er cities as reports of Ceausescu's ouster spread.

    Protesters seized state television to announce the ouster.

    But hours later, television broadcasts abruptly  stopped  and  were  re-
placed by recorded music.

    Radio, still in the hands of demonstrators, said that  demonstrators are
"in danger" from security forces.

    News reports said Ceausescu, 71, and his  wife  and  second-in  command,
Elena, fled their presidential palace in Bucharest by helicopter.

    Television reported first that they had been seized  near  the  town  of
Tirgoviste, about 45 miles northwest of Bucharest. Minutes later, television
cast doubt on its own report, saying Ceausescu apparently fled  again.  [The
newest air report said they were captured again.]

    Romanian television reported later that  Nicu,  the  Ceausescus'  eldest
son, had also been captured.

    Before he was caught, Nicu tried  to  assume  command  of  the  security
forces  in Sibiu, a south Transylvanian city he had ruled as local Communist
party chief, the television said.

    Earlier reports described fierce fighting in Sibiu between  army  troops
and paramilitary police.

    Several senior military commanders appeared on radio and  television  to
announce the ouster of Ceausescu.

    But reports on radio and  television  indicatedt  the  struggle  against
Ceausescu,  while  apparently  won in Bucharest, was continuing in the south
Transylvanian city of Sibiu.

    "A massacre is going on in  Sibiu,"  an  unidentified  general  said  on
Romanian television. He added that the army had run out of ammunition in Si-
biu to fight what he described as an all-out attack by  paramilitary  Commu-
nist Party units.

    On radio, an unidentified general said planes would be sent to Sibiu  to
try to stop the fighting.

    An unidentified general denied an earlier report on the radio  that  De-
fense Minister Vasile Milea committed suicide but said he had died.

    The radio report indicated that, during the night, a  struggle  occurred
between the army, which appeared to be largely on the side of the demonstra-
tors, and the nation's vast security forces, who were more loyal to Ceauses-

2. Official Rally Turns into Mass Protest in Romania
From: YAWEI%AQUA.DECNET@iuvax.cs.indiana.edu
Source: Associated Press, 12/21/89

Vienna, Austria -- Romanian President  Nicolae  Ceausescu  sents  tanks  and
troops  into a crowd of protesters who interrupted his public speech by boos
and jeers Thursday.

    Several demonstrators were killed.

    Petar Tomic, a Yugoslav reporter, said an armored  vehicle  crushed  two
students, other students rushed to their aid and troops opened fire, killing
or wounding at least 20 people.

    U.S. diplomats counted at least 13 people killed Thursday and more  dead
were possible, State Department spokesman Richard Boucher.

    During a brief lull in the the shooting, elderly people appealed to pol-
ice  and  soldiers  not  to fire at the young protesters, the Bulgarian news
agency BTA reported.

    Mass protest began after Ceausescu was shouted down while addressing  an
official rally in a downtown square in the capital, an occurrence unheard of
during his 24-year rule.

    Viewers on state TV and listeners on  state  radio  only  heard  muffled
sounds of boos and jeers before the live broadcast abruptly stopped.

    Radio and TV quickly switched to stirring patriotic songs. But Hungarian
TV showed a disconcerted Ceausescu, clearly aware something was amiss, and a
man advising him, ''Come inside.''

    The broadcast soon resumed, with Ceausescu midway through a stirring ap-
peal to defend ''the independence, integrity and sovereignty of Romania.''

    About 25 minutes after his mass rally drew  to  a  close,  thousands  of
mostly young people marched down the nearby central Magheru boulevard.

    The crowds were chanting ''Down with Ceausescu!'' and calling for the is
coming to their East European and Soviet neighbors.

    Submachine gunners and tanks tried to push the crowds back,  and  bursts
of automatic-weapons fire were heard as the protesters scattered.

    A Polish couple interviewed by Hungarian TV said soldiers fired on about
3,000 demonstrators in Arad.

    Resistance to Ceasescu spread to other cities in Transylvania,  to  Mol-
davia in the north, and Bucharest.

3. Developments in EE and SU: Massacre in Timisoara, Romania
Source: United Press International, 12/20/89

By Erika Laszlo

Budapest, Hungary -- The Yugoslav  agency Tanjug  said  Wednesday  Yugoslavs
exiting  Romania  at  Vrsac  reported    hearing  gunfire  Tuesday  in  Tim-
isoara, where  police reportedly cracked down on protesters Sunday.

    Tanjug said as many as 2,000 people may have been killed in the  weekend
clashes,  but it was impossible to verify the report. Other estimates ranged
from  a  few  dozen  killed  to  many hundreds, with many others wounded  or

    A  State  Department official said Wednesday morning, "We have not  been
able   to get into the town of Timisoara, which is surrounded by troops, but
our embassy people have talked to enough people to satisfy us that a  bloody
massacre took place there. We don't have any numbers."

    In  Athens,  several  of about 50 Greek medical students returning  home
from   Romania  estimated that 600 to 1,000 people were killed and many more
wounded when police and troops opened fire on demonstrators in Timisoara.

    One  student,  speaking  on  condition  of anonymity, said, "Troops  and
security   forces  fired at random to disperse the demonstrators. There were
bodies everywhere, especially around the municipal building."

    Another  quoted  a  nurse working in a hospital as saying there were  at
least   600  dead  and  many  hundreds wounded, some with their bodies badly

    A  girl  student  said:  "I  saw  doctors  cutting off legs and arms  of
wounded   people  because  they  had no choice, since there is a shortage of
medicine.  It  was  terrifying  to  see  people  die  in  the hospital  from
hemorrhage, screaming with pain."

    She  said  she  saw  burned shops, cars and bookshops, and portraits  of
hard-line   communist  leader  Nicolae  Ceausescu  being  destroyed.  "I saw
children  dead  in the streets," as police fired indiscriminately at  people
who shouted, "Down with Ceausescu," and, "We want freedom," she said.

    A  fifth  student  interviewed said: "It was like hell." The tanks  came
into    the   streets   about   midnight  Sunday  and  opened  fire  on  the
demonstrators.  They kept firing for some 12 hours, "shooting at men,  women
and children."

    "Hundreds of bodies were thrown into the river." He estimated the  death
toll at about 1,000.

    Tanjug  quoted  visitors  as  saying  the  city  was  "in  ruins,"  with
virtually every shop window smashed and all businesses and offices closed.

    Tanjug,   citing   reports  from  travelers  returning   to  neighboring
Yugoslavia   from  Timisoara  said  demonstrators  had  seized  weapons  and
ammunition and fired at Romanian troops.

    Tass  said  troops  with  automatic  weapons  and  militiamen  patrolled
Bucharest's   tense  streets Tuesday and that security measures were stepped
up at state offices, factories and plants.

    "Tiananmen  was  nothing when compared to the shooting in Timisoara,"  a
Western   diplomat  coming  from  the Transylvanian city told Tanjug. He was
quoted as saying the death toll could reach 1,000.

    Witnesses  said  Romanian  soldiers,  after  scattering protesters  with
gunfire,   hunted  down  protesters in a house-to-house search early Sunday,
gunning down several people in their homes.

    The  protests  apparently were triggered by a court order last week  for
the   eviction  of  the  Rev.  Laszlo  Tokes,  a  Timisoara clergyman of the
Romanian  Reform  church  and  one of the country's best-known human  rights

    Tokes'  father  told  a West German daily newspaper in a telephone  call
Wednesday   that  the  clergyman  and  his  wife were tortured. He said Mrs.
Tokes, who was seven months pregnant, lost her baby and the torturers  broke
his son's arm.

|   Executive Editor:  Sanyee Tang, tang@ssurf.ucsd.edu                    |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu