[ut.chinese] Jan. 2

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/03/90)

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 2 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                # of Lines
1. In China, I'd be Dead (and Bush wouldn't care) ................ 96

           In China, I'd be Dead (and Bush wouldn't care)
 source: New York Times, 12/24/89
         By Li Lu
         From: yawei@aqua.bacs.indiana.edu 

I  was  the  deputy  commander  of  the student demonstrations in
Tiananmen Square. Last April, May and June, Chinese students non-
violently petitioned their Government to discuss human rights and
put an end to the corruption.  Great expectations and hope filled
the air. It was our spring.

Now it is our winter.

Army  tanks  and  guns  killed and wounded thousands. Hundreds of
thousands  were  arrested;  many  were tortured. Amnesty Interna-
tional  has  documented  secret  executions,  perhaps  as many as
10,000 since June 4.

Yet  in  July,  before  the  blood  was  dry on Tiananmen Square,
President  Bush's  national  security  adviser,  Brent Scowcroft,
secretly  went  to  Beijing to confer with the killers of Chinese
students.  And  this  month,  he  and  Deputy Secretary of State,
Lawrence  Eagleburger  went  back  and danced on the grave of the
Goddess of Democracy by publicly toasting China's regime.

Our  hopes  in Tiananmen Square were built on the principles that
frame the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. It is chilling to
realize  that the promise of the American Revolution can be aban-
doned by a cynical determination to do business with China.

In Tiananmen Square, we assumed that the values we pursued were a
joint  venture  with  democracies  everywhere. The fruits of that
assumption were destroyed by this month's banquet in Beijing.

I am disheartened, but not surprised. Although I am a criminal in
China  and face certain imprisonment, torture and possible execu-
tion,  it  was  France  - not the U.S. - that offered me and Wuer
Kaixi, a fellow student leader, safe haven.

My  friends  are  in  hiding,  in  prison, and dead. Wan Dan, the
"brains"  of  the democracy movement, has been brutally tortured.
Apparently, he will be publicly tried and faces execution.

Chai  Ling,  the  "heart"  of the movement, was my best friend in
Tiananmen  Square.  She  inspired us to remain nonviolent. I fear
that she has been arrested or secretly executed.

Our winter is cruel in the knowledge that the U.S. Government has
not called for an end to martial law or the release of prisoners,
but for a new impetus in U.S.-China relations.

It  would not be constructive for the U.S. to boycott China. Why,
however,  is it necessary for it to so totally bow to the Chinese
Government? Twenty percent of the world's population, the Chinese
people, lives under a regime that not only refuses to respect and
promote human rights but shamefully works to destroy them.

Forty  thousand Chines students are in the U.S. Many demonstrated
for  democracy  last  spring.  Now  all face grave danger if they
return  to  China.   Congress unanimously passed the Pelosi bill,
granting an automatic two-year visa extension to Chinese students
in the U.S., yet President Bush vetoed it.  He said that adminis-
trative  procedures  would  protect  students applying for exten-

I understand Mr. Bush's desire to believe the Chinese Government.
I  wanted  to  believe  the promise of safe passage my Government
gave  in  the predawn hours of June 4. As I led 3000 students out
of  Tiananmen  Square, tanks opened fire and crushed students who
were  too exhausted to leave their tents. I will never forget the
dark horror of that morning - and the possibility of another bro-
ken blood-stained promise.

Today, we see incredible changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet
Union; it is their "spring". The U.S. encourages the basic hunger
for  dignity  and freedom expressed in Berlin, Warsaw and Prague.
Why is China an exception?

To date, the State Department China desk has refused to meet with
me  officially  to hear my report of the June 4 massacre. Here in
the  U.S.,  I represent the hopes of millions of Chinese. Why has
the Bush administration left us in the cold?

It  appears  that  Mr. Scowcroft and Mr. Eagleburger quietly dis-
cussed  the  release  of Fang Lizhi, China's Andrei Sakharov. But
the  Bush  administration  cannot  only  whisper  pleas for human
rights into the deaf ears of the old men in China.

I  appeal to all who treasure democracy, freedom and human rights
to  demand  that  the administration loudly support Wan Dan, Chai
Ling  and  the  democracy  movement  in  their  dealings with the
Chinese  Government. I hope that the American people and Congress
will not tolerate a foreign policy that is dipped in the blood of
Chinese students.
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Tue Jan  2 22:25:46 EST 1990

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/03/90)

            |           +---------I      __L__  ___/       \ -------I
       +----+----+      | ___\_\_ |       \./   |         | -----+- |
       |    |    |      |  __ \/  |      --+--  |---      |  |---|  |
       I----+----I      | I__J/\  |      __|__  |  |      |  |---|  |
            |           | _____ \ |       /| \  |  |      |  L__-|  |
            I           I---------J      / J  \/   |      | V    |  J

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 2 (II), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                  No. of Lines
 Notes from ND Editors  ...............................................  22
 1. Beijing Attacks Britain for Offering Citizenship to HKers  ........  28
 2. PRC Will Continue to Sell Missiles to Middle East  ................  32
 3. China's Troubled Student Exiles  ..................................  57
 4. Developments in EE and SU: An Introduction to Yugoslavia  .........  45

Not News, But More Than News
From: Manger and Editors
Source: China News Digest

This is the 1st. general issue of the China News Digest in  the  '90s,  already
dubbed  as  the  Post  Post-war  Era  even  before it begins.  The world has
changed in a breath-taking pace.  Even amateur newsmen like us  seem  to  be
destined to a brisk business, with very rewarding spiritual profits.

    We wish to serve our readers better in the coming years.   We  have  re-
ceived  numerous heart-warming mails from our readers, and we deeply appreci-
ate your encouragement.  However, we also need your help.

    If you see an interesting piece of news in a newspaper, a  magazine,  or
hear  on radio, why not let others to share it?  Just take some time, make a
digest, type it into computer, and mail to us, together with date  and  name
of  the original source.  Bang!  You send history to flash on thousands ter-
minal screens!

    And history is anxiously waiting ...

1. Beijing Attacks Britain for Offering Citizenship to HKers
Source: Associated Press, 12/30/89

By Jim Abrams

    China on Saturday said a British plan to give special  residence  rights
to  50,000    Hong   Kong   families   was  a  "gross  violation"  of  Sino-
British agreements on the return of Hong  Kong  to  Chinese  sovereignty  in

   The  Foreign  Ministry said in a statement it was "greatly surprised"  at
the British plan and threatened to take unspecified retaliatory action.

    Britain  on  Dec.  20 announced it will give residence rights to  50,000
households,   about 225,000 Hong Kong Chinese, to help prevent a brain drain
of the colony's most talented people before 1997.

    The  British  government  has  argued that guarantees of right of  abode
will   ease concerns about Chinese rule after 1997 and will encourage people
to remain in Hong Kong.

    The  Foreign  Ministry  demanded  that  Britain reverse its position  on
residence  rights. "Otherwise, it will have to bear a series of consequences
arising   therefrom.   The   Chinese   side  reserves  the  right  to   take
corresponding measures thereby."

2. PRC Will Continue to Sell Missiles to Middle East
Source: Associated Press, 12/27/89

Kuwait -- Chinese President Yang Shangkun said his country would continue to
supply  Saudi  Arabia  with  medium-range  ballistic missiles, Egypt's semi-
official Middle East News Agency reported Wednesday.

    The  statement  appeared to contradict earlier statements from President
Bush,   who  said China had given his administration assurances it would not
sell any more missiles to Mideast states.

    MENA  quoted Yang as saying his country "was determined to supply  Saudi
Arabia   with  missiles,  according  to  the contract signed between the two

    The  agency  quoted  Yang,  who  arrived  in Muscat, Oman, Tuesday  from
Kuwait   on  his current tour in the Middle East, as saying Saudi Arabia had
assured  Beijing  it  would  only  use  the missiles capable of hitting  any
target in the Middle East -- including Israel -- in self-defense.

    Yang  was  also  quoted  as  saying  he  regarded  the issue of  Chinese
Silkworm   missile  sales to Iran as "behind us," and that it would not have
an impact on Sino-Kuwaiti relations.

    Arab government officials accused China of selling Silkworm missiles  to
Iran  during the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, and one U.S. military source said
the  Iranians  had been preparing launching pads for the missiles along  the
banks   of  the mouth of the Persian Gulf, at the Straits of Hormuz, shortly
before a U.N.-brokered cease-fire in August 1988.

3. China's Troubled Student Exiles
From: wai@lpf.UMD.EDU
Source: Washington Post, 12/25/89

By Jonathan Moses

Cambridge, Massachusetts, US -- Far from the tanks and soldiers of Tienanmen
Square,  one of the exiled student leaders of the student movement cried for

    "I don't know what I should be doing," Wu'er Kaixi told guests at a  re-
cent  memorial  for  his fallen colleagues. Tears welling up in his eyes, he
stumbled from the podium and fainted.

    Wu'er Kaixi, who says he has a nervous disorder, had become  overwrought
after  hearing an earlier speech by 64-year-old dissident journalist Liu Bi-
nyan. In his rousing address to more than 500 students and  faculty  members
at  Harvard,  Liu had criticized Wu'er Kaixi and other students as following
an "ideology of 'severe oneself'" and had called the spring democracy  move-
ment a long-term failure.

    For the Chinese student leaders lucky enough to escape death or  arrest,
life  in  the United States allows time for troubling reflection. Aside from
the inherent difficulties of adapting to a new culture away from family  and
friends,  many of these political activists are plagued by feelings of guilt
for having survived, and uncertainty over what  to  do  next.  Their  exiled
movement  had  received  popular support and funds abroad, but it has yet to
make a significant impact on the mainland.

    Many of the students have settled in the Boston area, where American and
Chinese  students  last  spring  set up a group to help protesters in China,
making the city the unofficial headquarters of the student arm of the  exile
movement.  In  the recent months, several of the exiles have been criticized
in the Chinese-language press by fellow students and by elders such  as  Liu
for  living a high life on money donated out of sympathy for their dead col-
leagues. The criticism had ranged from the trivial  (takes  of  Wu'er  Kaixi
holding lobster feasts in Boston) to the more serious (Liu's charge that the
students have yet to put their democratic philosophy into writing for future

    The students in exile refuse to give up the hope of returning to  China.
"I  will  not ask for political asylum." says Shen Tong, who was a leader at
Beijing University. "I don't think the Chinese  could  accept  someone  like
that telling them about politics."

    There is a precedent for a successful Chinese-exile political  movement.
Sun  Yat-sen,  considered  one  of the founders of the modern Chinese state,
worked for many years outside China before the imperial system was abandoned
in 1911.

    The current exiles tour Western countries and  Japan,  as  Sun  did,  to
raise  money. But Sun made the decision as an adult and a professional -- he
was a doctor -- to become a revolutionary.  The  students  leaders  did  not
have  that  luxury. Their education and lives were violently interrupted be-
fore they were prepared.

4. Developments in EE and SU: An Introduction to Yugoslavia
From: tang@riscc1.scripps.edu
Source: Wall Street Journal, 12/11/89

By Robert D. Kaplan, Regular Contributor to The Atlantic

Ljubljana, Yugoslavia -- Yugoslavia,  a  multi-national  state  astride  the
borders  of  Rome  and  Byzantium  and Catholicism and Orthodoxy, is on this
fault line as well.

   In the north, Slovenia [Croatia to a lesser extent] is going the  way  of
Hungary.  Economic reform here started years ago.  Slovenian communists have
dropped the hammer and sickle from their banner,  are  considering  changing
the party name, and concede they may lose republic-wide elections slated for
March.  "Just because Serbia doesn't want a multi-party system doesn't  mean
we  have to wait," Joze Smole, the head of the Slovenian Socialist Alliance,
told me.

    In the central heart-land of Yugoslavia, Serbia is drifting more in  the
direction  of  Romania.   A  personal  cult has formed around the republic's
president, Slobodan Milosevic, who has  pulled  half-a-million  people  into
street  -- not by delivering economic reform or pluralism -- but by whipping
up national sentiment based on medieval Serbian  glory  and  perceived  con-
spiracies against Serbs.

    Serbia's rebellious ethnic-Albanian province  of  Kosovo  in  the  South
evokes  the  West  Bank, with the streets patrolled by armed troops.  Kosovo
and other poor regions of Yugoslavia may soon be plagued not only  with  na-
tional  tensions  but  also with bread riots, as 50% monthly inflation tears
apart the social fabric.

    This complex, asymmetrical situation is like the Soviet Union in  minia-
ture.   Because  much  of the discontent is being released horizontally, one
group against the other, rather than vertically, against the  top  communist
authority in Belgrade, overall change is taking a slower, more tortuous path
in Yugoslavia than in Poland or Hungary

    A Yugoslavia propelled forward by Slovenian reformist values  will  help
the chances of successful liberalization not only in Belgrade but eventually
in Romania and Albania too.  The Balkans would then exist purely in  a  geo-
graphical sense.  However, were Yugoslavia to continue to fissure, as it now
clearly doing, the whole of southeast Europe could  become  politically  and
economically dislodged from the rest of the Continent.

|   Executive Editor:  Sanyee Tang, tang@riscc1.scripps.edu                |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Tue Jan  2 22:36:15 EST 1990