[ut.chinese] Jan. 3

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/03/90)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 3 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                 No.  of Lines
 Brief News  ..........................................................  15
 1. Deng Xiaoping's Newest Title  .....................................  25
 2. Release of All Pro-democracy Activists Urged  .....................  38
 3. Democracy for China Fund Administered by Greeley Foundation  ......  38
 4. Book Review: Tiananmen Square ...................................... 31

Brief News
According  to  Nobel Peace Prize Committee, the nominee for Nobel
Peace Prize 1990 are (1) M. Gorbachov, (2) President Havel (Czch),
(3) Ms Chai-Ling.

source:  Norwegian  Television  Network (NRK) News   Jan. 2. 1990
From: wang@lys.uio.no (wang) via china-net

     The Fifth Annual Conference of  the  Chinese  Young  Economist  Society
(CYES)  was  held  from Dec. 23 through 24, 1989 at the University of Pitts-
burgh.  Despite bitter coldness, more than eighty members  and  guests  from
America  and Canada attended the conference, including Nobel laureate Herber
Simon.  Eleven papers about the Chinese economy were presented.   Dr.   Hsin
Chang  (Xin  Zhang),  assistant  professor  at the University of Toledo, was
elected as the new president of CYES.  The new board of  directors  consists
of  Sun  Dee  (Maine), Hai Wen (UC Davis), Shi Zhenfu (Maryland), Zuo Xuejin
(Princeton), Xie Jirong (Toledo) and Wang Kangmao.

Source: Wall Street Journal, 1/2/89

1. Deng Xiaoping's Newest Title
From: tang@riscc1.scripps.edu
Source: Wall Street Journal, 1/2/89

By Adi Ignatius

Beijing -- At the highest level, China has created a group under the Commun-
ist  Party's Central Committee to deal with potential disturbance, according
to Chinese sources.  The Urgent Contingency Preparation Group is  headed  by
85-year-old Deng Xiaoping.

    The government is taking other steps to damp potential  opposition,  for
example  by  postponing the planned release of some of the thousands of pro-
democracy activists arrested after the June massacre.  It is also trying  to
buy  the  loyalty of some workers who have been laid off during the economic
retrenchment that began in in late 1988.  In Beijing, laid-off  workers  are
being  summoned  to  their factories each day.  Though they don't work, they
draw all of their salary, compared with 70% when they were at home.

    Nonetheless, the city is abuzz.  A single protest poster, pasted briefly
on a wall at Peking University, has people all over Beijing talking.  Though
few claim to have seen it, students claim it depicted Ceausescu as a dog and
said, "One dog is killed, while three remain [in China]."

2. Release of All Pro-democracy Activists Urged
Source: United Press International, 12/30/89

Taipei -- Exiled leaders of China's pro-democracy  movement  Saturday  urged
Communist  leaders   in  Beijing to release all detained democracy activists
and accept an investigation by human rights groups into the June massacre.

    An  open  letter  addressed to Deng Xiaoping, Chinese Party leader Jiang
Zemin,  President   Yang  Shangkun  and  Wan  Li  also  demanded  punishment
"according  to  the  law" against "murderers and those responsible" for  the
June 4 crackdown.

    The  open letter also called for compensation to families of victims  of
the   army  massacre,  and  a stop of persecution against democracy movement

    It  also  called  for  a  dialogue between the Communist government  and
exiled  democratic   organizations,  and  a  safety  guarantee for returning
students  who  took  part  in anti-government demonstrations while  studying

    Wan   Run-nan,  secretary  general  of  the  Paris-based  Front  for   a
Democratic   China,  initiated  the  open  letter  during  a  conference  on
Democracy Movement and China's Future being held in Taipei.

    Wan  is  one  of  the  14  exiled  leaders  of  the  democracy  movement
participating    in   the   seminar   sponsored  by  Taiwan's  Institute  of
International  Relations.  Also  taking  part  in the meeting are 146  China
observers   and  delegates from the New York-based Alliance for Democracy in
China and the Independent Federation for Chinese Students and Scholars.

    Organizers   of   the   seminar  say  some  delegates  from  the   three
organizations   attended  the meeting under pseudonyms. But the seminar also
saw  the  first  public appearance of Zhang Kang, former deputy director  of
the Liaison office of China's Institute of Economic Restructuring.

3. Democracy for China Fund Administered by Greeley Foundation
From: mok@hdsrus.enet.dec.com
Source: Boston Globe, 1/2/90

Associated Press

    A private, nonprofit foundation has teamed with activists for  democracy
in  China  to  establish  a fund to raise about $1 million this year for the
Chinese cause, it was announced yesterday.

    The Greeley Foundation, a Concord, Mass., organization,  has  agreed  to
oversee and administer the Democracy for China Fund established to support a
range of humanitarian, educational and informational programs.

    "We've given the fund an added  reality  and  momentum,"  said  Marshall
Strauss, a veteran fund-raiser and executive director of the new China fund.
"We have taken a significant step forward."

    Strauss said the fund-raising target for 1990  is$940,000,  which  would
"break  down into a number of categories of humanitarian assistance for sup-
porters of the bloody uprising in Beijing's Tiananmen Square last spring.

    He said the funds raised through private  donations  will  help  student
leaders  trapped  in  China since the June demonstrations leave the country.
Also, the funds will support activists in exile and maintain an  underground
network between Asia and the West.

    Strauss said the Greeley Foundation's support would give the China  fund
both  a  non-profit,  tax-deductible status and important air of legitimacy.
"It will provide the stable administration of the money so  that  those  who
donate  the funds will know the money is being used in accountable ways," he

    The 4-year-old Greeley Foundation, which focuses on  creative  solutions
to global conflicts, established the International Negotiation Network based
at former President Jimmy Carter's think tank in Atlanta.

4. Book Review: Tiananmen Square 
condensed from UWO GAZETTE by Xin Lu luxin@uwovax.uwo.ca

Scott Simmie & Bob Nixon
Tiananmen Square
Douglas & McIntyre, 206 pages, $19.95

TIANANMEN  SQUARE  serves  as  an elaborate account of the events
leading  up to and after the June 4 massacre in Beijing's Tianan-
men Square. The book succeeds at providing great amounts of back-
ground  information  -- information that 30-second newsreels just
aren't  able  to provide us with.   Workers, students, and state-
supervised  journalists  give  this  book an incredible amount of

One  startling  example  of  this,  something that was completely
overlooked  by  network  news,  was the "Goddess of Democracy." A
statue  that was erected on May 29 in Tiananmen Square, the "God-
dess of Democracy" proved to anger more marchers than it united.

Simmie and Nixon establish the variance in opinion about what the
uprising  was about. The book dashes away the pet conception that
the  media  presented  --  that  the  uprising  revolved around a
crusade  for  a  liberal democracy. At the same time, it monitors
the  changing mood of the protestors as they evolved from a rela-
tively small group of patriots, honoring a long-time sympathizer,
to  a swarming mass who captured the world's attention with their
hunger strikes and cries for political reform.

|   Executive Editor:  Sanyee Tang, tang@riscc1.scripps.edu                |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Wed Jan  3 10:49:17 EST 1990