[ut.chinese] Jan. 4

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/04/90)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 4 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
1. China Denies Reports to Free Fang Lizhi .............................. 83
2. Message  from  Reader  (1) ...........................................  7
3. Message  from  Reader  (2) ........................................... 29

1. China Denies Reports to Free Fang Lizhi 
source: BEIJING (UPI)   Jan. 03, 1989
From: "J. Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>

  China  dismissed Wednesday as "speculation" reports of a deal to free the
country's  leading  dissident  from  refuge in the U.S. Embassy but Western
diplomats and Chinese sources said the negotiations were continuing.

   The	Chinese  Foreign Ministry statement came after a Hong Kong magazine
reported  the  dissident,  astrophysicist  Fang  Lizhi,  and  his  wife, Li
Shuxian,  would  be  allowed  to  leave  for  Australia  under an agreement
negotiated with the United States.

    An	Australian  government spokesman in Canberra denied the report. But
the Chinese statement fell short of a flat denial and appeared to leave the
door open for a bargain.

    "The  only  way  out  for  Fang Lizhi and Li Shuxian is to plead guilty
immediately  and  mend their ways so as not to alienate themselves from the
people," the Foreign Ministry said.

    Speculation  about the couple's release has intensified since President
Bush's  controversial  initiative  last  month  to  improve  relations with
Beijing.  The  administration  is  known  to want concessions from China to
stave off sharp criticism in Congress.

    Fang  and  Li  have lived in the U.S. Embassy since taking refuge there
last  June  5,	two  days  after  the  Chinese	army fired on pro-democracy
protesters  in	Beijing  and brutally suppressed the massive demonstrations
that swept the nation last spring.

    A  week  later, Chinese authorities issued arrest warrants for Fang and
Li,   charging	 they	instigated   what  the	government  has  branded  a
"counterrevolutionary  rebellion."  If  captured,  the  couple face lengthy
prison terms.

    "The  recent  rumors  about  the question of Fang Lizhi floating around
abroad  and  overseas are speculation pure and simple," the Chinese Foreign
Ministry   statement   said,   reiterating  that  the  embassy	refuge	was
"interference in China's internal affairs."
    Western  diplomats and Chinese sources, although unaware of the details
of  the  talks,  said  negotiations  had  been	under way for some time and
appeared to be nearing a conclusion.

    "It  looks  like  something  may  happen  within the next 10 days," one
diplomat  said,  adding  the  couple  would be allowed to leave for a third
country, but the destination had not been fixed.

    The U.S. Embassy has declined to comment on Fang. Senior U.S. officials
in  Beijing  privately	have  even  attempted  to  play  down  reports from
Washington  quoting  administration  officials	as  saying  a deal had been

    The  Chinese statement appeared to leave room for some form of bargain,
saying "this problem can only be solved according to the laws of China" and
the United States was "obligated to work for its settlement."

    Western  analysts  believe	the Fang issue has become a dispute between
moderate  Chinese  leaders  seeking  improved relations with Washington and
hardliners  arguing that allowing the couple's release would show a lack of
    Communist  Party  leader  Jiang Zemin told visiting Hong Kong newspaper
executives last month that Fang would have to show "repentance," suggesting
the leadership was seeking a face-saving device as a catalyst for releasing
the couple.

    The  Bush administration also faces a time problem, as Congress resumes
session  Jan.  23 amid simmering outrage over last month's surprise trip to
Beijing  by  National  Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft in a bid to improve
relations. Critics have derided the move as "kowtowing."

    Bush  has  also  since  eased  economic  sanctions	imposed after June,
freeing the export of three U.S.-made satellites to be launched by China.

    China  has	so far made only minimal concessions, granting long-delayed
foreign  press	accreditation  to  a  new  Voice  of America correspondent,
withdrawing  machine  gun-toting  guards from around U.S. Embassy buildings
and halting harassment of U.S. diplomats.
2. Message  from  Reader  (1)
 >From O42M@UNB.CA  Wed Jan  3, 1990 

Dear Friends,

     If  you  have  read  an article in the 6th "Shen2 Zhou1 Xue2
Ren2" named "Xin1 Hai4 Ge3 Ming4 " (about the revolution 1911 and
oversea Chinese in Japan), how do you think the examples for us?
     If  you  have not read it, I suguest you to read it and then
think  over.  That articale is actually a recommendation from the
older generation to us, the oversea students.
                     One Cinese student 1990,1,3

3. Message  from  Reader  (2)
>From YE@SASK.USask.CA Thu Jan  4 05:42
EST 1990

Happy  New  Year!!! I've just finished reading a book "Revenge of
Heaven" (Tian Chou), written by a Chinese Red Gaurd leader during
the Great Cultural Revolution.

This is an astonishing book. Dr. Liu Xiaobo has a sharp critisism
on  the  Chinese literature after Gong of Four was overthrown. He
said  that no body says he is an evil in the Cultrual Revolution.
Everyone  pretended  to  be innocent and suffering. Everyone just
showed  his  bitterness to the world. The intellectuals were even
more  enthusiastic  on showing themselves as the most persecuted.
This  was  a black hole of the Chinese literature.  But this book
just showed how a young boy and other youngsters became the revo-
lutionary  power which almost destroyed the whole nation, how the
enthusiasm  of the youngs was used as the tool of the dirty power
struggle,  how the people was deep in fighting and the society in
crisis, ... It moved me. This book, unluckily, can only be avail-
able  outside  China. I wish some day this book can be found in a
bookstore inside China. It'll move the people.

It  will  lead  people  to think back deep into their nature. I'd
like  to introduce this book to those who may be interested in. I
think  it  can compensate Dr. Liu's regret though it is published
outside    China.    It    reflects   that   part   of   history.
that part of history.
                 The Revenge of Heaven (Tian Chou)
                      by    Gen Di
available in Chinese and English versions
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Thu Jan  4 16:19:57 EST 1990