[ut.chinese] Jan. 15

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/15/90)

               |          +---------I     __L__  ___/      \ -------I
          +----+----+     | ___\_\_ |      \./   |        | -----+- |
          |    |    |     |  __ \/  |     --+--  |---     |  |---|  |
          I----+----I     | I__J/\  |     __|__  |  |     |  |---|  |
               |          | _____ \ |      /| \  |  |     |  L__-|  |
               I          I---------J     / J  \/   |     | V    |  J

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 15 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                 No.  of Lines
 Brief News..........................................................73
 1. Beijing residents unimpressed by lifting of martial law..........54
 2. Border Guard Says State Of Revolt Exists In Albanian City........29

 Brief News

[South China Morning Post/kwchan@hkucs.UUCP]  Two senior news executives
were dismissed as China tightens its grip on the nation's official media.
Legal Daily Director, Mr Guan Zhihao, 59, an ally of the late reformist
leader, Mr Hu Yaobang, has been replaced by Mr Lu Fengyi, a senior official
at the Justice Ministry. Literary and Art Gazette editor Xie Yongwang has
been succeeded by Mr Zheng Bonong, a political theoretician. Mr Guan and Xie
were sacked because their staffs took part in massive pro-democracy protests
crushed by the army in June.

 1. Beijing residents unimpressed by lifting of martial law
 [Hongkong Standard,Cheung Po-ling/kwchan@hkucs.UUCP (Chan Ki Wa)]

Public reaction in Beijing to the lifting of martial law at midnight on
Wednesday has been markedly subdued.

Dawn on Thursday revealed that Tiananmen Square and the roads leading to it
had been reopened to the public.

However, the only reaction of one passerby was: "I found it more convenient.
But apart from that, I don't have any ohter feelings."

Scores of local and foreign journalists were the first people to enter
Tiananmen Square, followed by Beijing residents curious to see the "hotbed"
of the nationwide democracy movement.

Many of the locals said they had come to look for signs of the military
crackdown, even though the army has meticulously erased all bullet holes and
other evidence of the events of June 4.

Not all of the square had been reopened.  Access to the Monument to the
People's Heroes, the area hardest hit when the army cleared the square with
tanks, was cut off and eight soldiers stood guard.

A notice on the front said the monument needed special protection to
"maintain its solemnity".  It also barred the leaving of flowers.

The Memorial Hall of Mao Zedong was open, however, and a small queue soon
formed outside.  However, it comprised only tourists from the provinces who
showed little interest in last June's events.

That was true of the majority of people in the square on Thursday.  Many
said they had only come to see what was going on and crowds would quickly
form whenever a reporter conducted an interview with a local or a foreign

Asked if they felt relieved that martial law was over, most replied: "Not at

They said the move merely meant that the armed police who have guarded the
square had been replaced by plain-clothes security men.

As it was, police frequently marched through the square as if reminding
people that they were still there.

However, some people were there to remember June 4: "I have all sorts of
feelings in my mind and my heart felt heavy when I revisited this place,"
said one student, speaking quietly to avoid being overheard.  "My mood is as
grey as the sky."

 2. Border Guard Says State Of Revolt Exists In Albanian City

ATHENS - Newspapers Saturday quoted an Albanian border guard who fled the
country as saying security forces fired on protesters last week.

The guard said that one city was in a state of ''revolution.''

Also Saturday, the Albanian state-run news agency ATA quoted an Italian
diplomat as denying there was unrest in the isolated country.

Albania, located between Greece and Yugoslavia, is the last bastion of
Stalinism in Eastern Europe and is closed to most foreigners.

Daily newspapers in Greece on Saturday quoted Albert Tzeka, 20, as saying
widespread protests had broken out in at least three cities in his country
against the hard-line Communist leadership.

''The people have risen up. The people and the students ... especially in
Shkoder, Korce and Sarande,'' Tzeka was quoted as saying.

''In Shkoder there is a revolution. The army and the sigurimi (security
police) fired on the people and there are many dead and injured,'' the daily
Kathimerini quoted Tzeka as saying.

Yugoslav and Greek newspapers have carried unconfirmed reports since
Thursday of demonstrations and a state of emergency in Shkoder, Albania's
second-largest city.

Albanian authorities have consistently denied any trouble, calling reports
of turmoil ''slander.''

| Editor: Gary Liu                          E-mail: gl@cithe1.bitnet    |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Mon Jan 15 11:01:16 EST 1990