[ut.chinese] Jan. 17

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/17/90)

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             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan. 17 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                 No.  of Lines
 Brief News: prominent reformer in Shenzhen to be dismissed, etc....... 51
 1. Japan waiting to follow steps of U.S. hypocrites................... 30
 2. China attacks U.S. human rights propaganda as hypocritical......... 40
 3. Voice of America beaming for new Chinese audiences................. 51
 4. China's youths trying their best to go abroad...................... 74

 Brief News

[AP/izzyq00@uclamvs.bitnet]  Hong Kong's Ming Pao reported that Yuan Geng,
director of the Commerce Bureau in Shekou, Shenzhen, would be dismissed and
his economic reform policy would be criticized. Yuan transformed Shekou, a
district of the Shenzhen special economic zone, from bare land into a
coastal industrial town after the government began its experiments in
free-market economics in four coastal cities in 1979. Yuan have said
publicly that "the Communist Party needs democracy as it needs air." Shekou 
News, a liberal weekly published by Yuan's bureau, has been banned since
November. Ming Pao also said the top man of a party newspaper Guangzhou
Daily will be replaced because "he has not done his best in previous

[The New York Times 1.15.90/simone@nyspi.bitnet]  The famous singer and
composer Hou Dejian breaks out from silence after returning from hiding in
the Australian embassy for seven months. When interviewed by The New York
Times reporter in his apartment in Beijing, Hou openly criticized the CCP
government and said reforms must be conducted otherwise China would face
what have happened in Romania.

[Central Agency, 1.14.90/simone@nyspi.bitnet]  Hong Kong 'Dang Dai' weekly
reports that Cui Guozheng, honored as the 'Guard of the Republic' for having
been burned to death in the June 4 crackdown, is now wanted by the public
security police. Cui had actually fled away during the suppression, and the
death body was mistakenly identified as Cui because of a gun bearing his
name nearby. Cui, however, later appeared in his hometown after he was
honored as 'Guard of the Republic'.

[World Bank Press Summary/cafgm@ibrdvm1.bitnet]  The Communist Party today
released a lengthy document on economic policy, calling for at least three
years of belt-tightening and outlining tough measures to suppress 
non-essential industries and social demand, Associated Press-Dow Jones
reports. The 39-point document was prepared for the plenary session of the 
party's Central Committee last November and was made public today, after 
being circulated to party offices.

[The Wall Street Journal 1.15.90/baltuch@brandeis.bitnet]  Chinese-Americans
have not mount any significant humanitarian, intellectual or political
effort in support of the exiled pro-democracy movement. This silence carries
a message of Chinese-American apathy and impotence. And the message has
evidently not been lost on President Bush: the administration has been left
free to play geo-politics, without having to worry about domestic
realpolitik. Chinese-Americans should take a lesson from Jewish-Americans.
(Excerpted by ND)

[Radio Liberty report 1.11.90/yawei@aqua.bacs.indiana.edu]  The Soviet
republic of Latvia's Supreme Soviet voted to delete from the its
Constitution the provision about the Communist party's leading role,
thus allowing many of the already active political parties in the republic
to exist legally. The Baltic republic is the second republic of the Soviet
Union to have taken this move, following Lithuania.

 1. Japan waiting to follow steps of US hypocrites
 [Boston Globe 1.14.90/SCC/mok@hdsrus.enet.dec.com]
 (Courtesy of colleague Sherry Lee for the typing)

....The $5.3 billion in economic cooperation loans to China that Tokyo
suspended immediately after the Tiananmen incident...will almost certainly
go forward, perhaps as soon as next month.

"Our position vis-a-vis China remains one of caution," said (Japanese
Foreign) Ministry spokesman Taizo Watanabe.  "We are still waiting
for...further improvements in the direction of economic and political

He added, however:"We cannot dictate to China.  We can only make our
concerns clear, and then watch the situation closely."

"We feel that if economic reforms are made, so-called human rights and
political reforms will necessarily follow," aid a government official. Japan
has been hesitant to take the first step toward rapproachment with China,
fearful of criticism from its democratic allies in the West.   

Tokyo was taken aback to learn that Scowcroft had undertaken a similar
secret mission last July, barely a month after tanks and troops had
clattered into Tiananmen. "Can you imagine if the Japanese had jumped so
quickly to re-embrace?" said an official of the powerful Ministry of
International Trade and Industry. "All the world would scream at us as the
worst kind of hypocrites and opportunists." Of course, the official added
sarcastically, "America is such a great idealist it can afford to be a

 2. China attacks U.S. human rights propaganda as hypocritical

China, renewing criticism of the United States, attacked the U.S. invasion
of Panama Monday in a sharply worded editorial that blasted the Voice of
America radio network for allegedly hypocritical and distorted human rights

The harshly worded editorial in the official Guangming Daily newspaper
appeared directed at U.S. action in Panama rather than at VOA in particular.
It was the sharpest attack since the United States' recent initiative to
smooth strained Sino-American relations.

China had criticized the U.S. invasion Dec. 20 of Panama earlier, but not in
such strong language.

The editorial lambasted the U.S. government radio service for defending the 
Panama invasion as "just action" while continuing to criticize China over
last June's crackdown on the Chinese democracy movement.

"The Voice of America (VOA) continues to abuse us ... for cracking down on 
democracy and blaspheming human rights," said the editorial, written under
the pen name Wu Hao, or "anonymous" in Chinese characters.

"But when the United States sent troops into Panama and used planes and
tanks to carry out wanton and indiscriminate bombing on foreign territory,
killing peaceful residents on the streets, VOA said that was 'just action'
and 'in American interests.'

"We will not send troops to go into other countries and do not regard
invasion as being for the sake of 'friendship.' Only VOA and the like slap
someone in the face while saying it's for their own good," the article

China has stepped up criticism of the Panama invasion in the local press
recently. A front-page commentary in Sunday's state-run Beijing Evening
News sarcastically proposed that Bush stand trial in Panama for violating
Panamanian law.

A report on a small group of U.S. demonstrators protesting Bush's decision 
to send troops into Panama received equally prominent play in the official 
People's Daily last week, dominating the international news page with a
large photograph.

 3. Voice of America beaming for new Chinese audiences
 [The LA Times 1.15.90/SCC/kriz@skat.usc.edu]

In an effort to reach millions of new Chinese listeners, the Voice of
America, the U.S. governemnt's broadcasting network, has begun beaming a
series of new feature programs into China aimed especially at workers, young
people and entrepeneurs -- the most restive and disaffeccted elements in
Chinese society.

The special programs, launched Jan. 1, are the first ones on VOA's Chinese-
language broadcasts since the Tien An Men massacre last June. At the time,
VOA, which has a huge audience estimated at 60 million people or more inside
China, halted its regualr programming except for the teaching of English, in
order to concentrate on news broadcasts.

One of the new VOA programs, called "Labor Report," is aimed at Chinese
Workers.  Another, called "the Spirit of Business," is directed at the
small-scale entrepeneurs who flourished on the streets of China over the
past decade, buying and selling everything from blue jeans to antiques.

A third show, called "Washington Express," plays American top-40 music and
is aimed at China's 15-to-25-year-olds.

David Hess, chief of the Chinese branch of the VOA, said that since the
political upheavals last spring, the audience for VOA inside China seems to
have increased dramatically.  Purchases of short-wave radios in China shot
upward, letters to the VOA from China also increased and interviews with
Chinese indicated that new, different sorts of Chinese were listening to the

"Our traditional audiences in China were intellectuals, students and
government and party officials," said Hess.  "We found that we were going
beyond these audiences.  Whole new groups of Chinese were listening to us."

The VOA broadcasts have often become a vehicle for disseminating news and
information that would not otherwise be available to the Chinese population.

For example, last fall, VOA beamed into China a speech written by Fang
Lizhi, the Chinese dissident who took refuge inside the American Embassy in
Beijing after the Tian An Men massacre.

The VOA broadcasts also carried to China the word that Romanian dictatopr
Nicolae Ceuasescu had been deposed and executed.  Analysts have said the
news from Romania proved extremely unsettling to China's Communist Party
leadership.  Other government radio networks -- including Radio Moscow,
which broadcasts to China over a strong signal 24 hours a day -- also
broadcast the news of Ceausescu's fate.

China began jamming VOA's broadcasts on May 21, the day after the regime
imposed martial law on the city of Beijing and called army troups into that
city.  After China lifted martial law last week, Hess said: "We watched very
closely if there was any reduction in the jamming.  There was no change."

 4. China's youths trying their best to go abroad

Wang has a wife and baby, a secure government job and no particular interest
in politics. Until recently, he never thought about leaving China.

But since June he has become obsessed with the idea, to the point that he
says he can hardly concentrate on his work. He and a friend spend hours
debating the best way leave. They think it's best to leave as a student and
that the best place to go is Australia.

If he succeeds, he will leave behind his wife and child, probably never to
return. "She understands," Wang said. "She knows I can't live here."

Uncalculated thousands of China's best-educated people, many of them young,
have reached the same conclusion since June, when the Chinese army opened
fire on pro-democracy protesters in Beijing.

Their idealistic dreams of saving China shattered, many students now say
they are only interested in saving themselves from political repression,
cultural tedium and economic hardships of socialist China.

Study abroad was popular before June. What has changed is that now virtually
everyone with a college degree and many without one are talking about it,
even those with little or no foreign language skills.

Schemes for getting overseas are getting wilder, too. An artist talked
dreamily one week of seeking an invitation to exhibit his work abroad. The
next week, realistically dropping that idea, he proposed finding a foreign
woman to marry.

"I can't paint in this environment," he said.

The U.S. Embassy said the number of applications for Chinese government-
sponsored study abroad has dropped.

But the number of non-government students jumped by one-third compared to 
the previous year, with 2,424 receiving visas in the fiscal year that ended
Sept. 30. The number of Chinese going to visit relatives already studying in
the United States more than tripled, to 321 in the last three months of

Student applications to go to Canada, another popular destination, topped
3,000 from June through December, up more than 50 percent from the same
period in 1988, the Canadian Embassy said.

The embassy tries to screen out anyone they suspect will not return to

Suggestions that China cannot reform or advance if its brightest youth go 
abroad rouse little interest. One repeat applicant at the U.S. Embassy, one 
of few Chinese in his field, shrugged and said, "We can't do anything here

So eager are many to leave that they were angered when Washington said
Chinese students already in the United States could stay beyond their visas:
they feared China would retaliate by closing the door on study abroad.

The opening in the door already has narrowed, and further narrowing is
expected. The government is expected to issue regulations this month
requiring applicants for study abroad to first work at least five years in

Since June, many work units have begun requiring employees who go abroad to
pay a personal bond, in some cases as large as 12,000 yuan, or about $2,550,
to be refunded when they come back.

Applicants for the Test of English as a Foreign Language, required for entry
to most U.S. colleges, now must obtain permission letters from their work
unit or college department, and students at Beijing University say they have
been refused the letters.

Beijing University also has refused to give students course transcripts for 
foreign college applications unless the government is sponsoring their study 
abroad. Police reportedly are approving fewer passports, although no figures
are available.

|   Executive Editor:  yawei@rose.bacs.indiana.edu or yawei@iubacs.bitnet  |
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (01/17/90)

             * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

		    (ND Canada Service)

                       -- Jan 17 (II), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                 No.  of Lines
On FR Issue ......................................................... 15

On FR Issue 
from  SAG of FCSSC
via  WANGRQ@SSCvax.McMaster.CA 17-JAN-1990 09:54

FCSSC == Federation of Chinese Students and Scholars, Canada
      ==  Quan Jia Xue Lian  (2,1,2,2)    (in Chinese)

    We  are  informed  that  international  student's advisors of
Canadian Universities will meet in Ottawa on January 18, discuss-
ing the problem of family reunion concerning Chinese students.

    We  suggest  that  all  Chinese people who are concerned with
family  reunion  go  to contact with your international student's
advisors,  tell  them  your  concerns  and problems (TRY TO BE AS
SPECIFIC AS POSSIBLE) and ask the advisors to bring your concerns
and  problems directly to those officials who are responsible for
making  policies. In this way, we can at least get some clear and
direct reply.

    With best wishes.
News       Transmission    chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca   (or)
-----------------------    ---------------------
NDCadada Editor: Bo Chi    chi@vlsi.waterloo.edu    
Wed Jan 17 13:32:54 EST 1990