[ut.chinese] Feb. 5

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (02/05/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General)

                       -- Feb. 5 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
1. China Government Against US Sanction Bill .......................... 59 
2. China Government Formally Protests Czech ........................... 33
1. China Government Against US Sanction Bill
Source: BEIJING, China (UPI)   February 03, 1990
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>

  The  National  People's  Congress  Saturday  lashed  out  against  a bill
authorizing  U.S.  trade  sanctions  against China for its crackdown on the
pro-democracy movement, calling the proposal a "vile act."

   The  measure, passed unanimously by the U.S. Senate Jan. 30 and approved
in  November  by  the  House of Representatives, has been sent to the White
House for President Bush's signature.

    A  Chinese  Foreign  Ministry  official  called  in the U.S. ambassador
Friday  to  protest the bill authorizing limited economic sanctions against

    The  official  Xinhua  news agency Saturday carried a lengthy statement
from  the  Foreign  Affairs  Committee  of  the National People's Congress,
China's  rubber-stamp  parliament,  strongly  condemning  the  sanctions on
strategic trade with China.

    "We  hereby  express,  once  again,  our utmost indignation and lodge a
strong  protest  against  this  vile  act  of  certain  members of the U.S.
Congress  who are bent on setting themselves against the Chinese people and
willfully  trampling on the basic norms governing international relations,"
the statement said.

    The  sanctions  bill  blocks activities with China by the U.S. Overseas
Private  Investment Corp., suspends licenses for the export of military and
crime  control  equipment,  forbids nuclear energy cooperation and suspends
various trade programs.

    The  measure was designed to show American anger at China's brutal June
suppression  of  the  student-led  pro-democracy  movement around Beijing's
Tiananmen Square, which claimed hundreds, possibly thousands of lives.

    "We  would  like  to advise these members of the U.S. Congress to sober
down  and look ahead so as to free themselves from indulgence in arrogance,
prejudice  and  lack  of reason and, taking into account of the overall and
long-term  interest of Sino-U.S. relations, to change over to a new way and
stop  their  wanton  interference  in  the  internal  affairs  of the other
countries," the NPC statement said.

    Bush  vetoed  a  nearly identical sanctions bill in November because of
objections  to  an  unrelated  legislative  restriction  resulting from the
Iran-Contra scandal.

    He was expected to sign the latest bill because it allows the president
to suspend the sanctions if he finds it is in the U.S. national interest or
decides China has made progress on political reforms.

    Chinese Vice-Foreign Minister Liu Huaqiu on Friday told U.S. Ambassador
James  Lilley  that  current  problems in Sino-U.S. relations "are entirely
caused  by  the  U.S. side" and warned that "to lift the sanctions ... is a
necessary condition for the return of normal bilateral relations."

2. China Government Formally Protests Czech 
From: "Jian. Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   February 03, 1990

  China  formally  protested  Saturday  a  visit  to  Czechoslovakia by the
Tibetan  spiritual  leader,  the  Dalai  Lama, saying it "constitutes gross
interference in China's internal affairs."

   The  Czechoslovak ambassador to China was called to the Foreign Ministry
in  Beijing  to  receive  the  protest  against the visit, which was at the
invitation of Czech President Vaclav Havel, the official Xinhua news agency

    The  exiled  Dalai  Lama,  winner  of last year's Nobel Peace Prize who
lives  in exile in India, arrived in Prague Friday for a five-day "private"
visit despite an earlier protest by China.

    The  Beijing  government  views Tibet as a province of China and placed
the  capital,  Lhasa,  under martial law March 8 following pro-independence

    "The  official pointed out that the Czechoslovak president's insistence
on  inviting  the  Dalai  Lama to Czechoslovakia in disregard of the solemn
position  made  clear  to  him in advance by the Chinese side constitutes a
gross interference in China's internal affairs," Xinhua reported.

    Both  Havel  and  the  Dalai  Lama  are  advocates  of non-violence and
peaceful  co-existence.  Havel,  a  playwright, led the peaceful revolution
that toppled the communists from power in Czechoslovakia in November.

|  China News Digest Subscription: (Xinmeng Liao) xliao@ccm.umanitoba.ca  |
|  China News Digest Executive Editor: (Bo Chi)   chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.edu  | 

Mon Feb  5 11:08:47 EST 1990