[ut.chinese] Feb. 7

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (02/08/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                        (News General + NDCanada)

                       -- Feb. 7 (II), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
0  A Reader's Letter -- A Successful Case in Family Reunion Process .... 22
1. Punishment in China Report .......................................... 44
2. Li Peng Makes Conciliatory Remarks On U.S. .......................... 18
3. Gorbachev Hit From Left, Right ...................................... 20
4. A Reader's Comment (Re: Feb. 6 (I), News Digest) .................... 11
5. China's Communist Party Urges Cooperation With Other Parties ........ 39

0  A Reader's Letter -- A Successful Case in Family Reunion Process
From:  __@McMaster.CA Wed Feb  7 13:39 EST 1990

Hello, Bo Chi! (Current CND Editor):

There  is a piece of good news about family reunion. I'd like you
make  it  known  to everyone concerning family reunion.  Based on
the phone call from my husband in Beijing, He has got his visa on
Feb.  6.   He  began  his application two weeks ago.  But at that
time  he was given an application form for visitor visa, and made
an  appointment  for  interview on Feb. 6.  During the interview,
things  happened  according  the  way our e-mail suggested previ-
ously.  He got his visa when the interview finished.  Seems quite
easy and quite a surprise.

I'd like to thank all of those who have made great effort for fam-
ily reunion.

Good luck to everyone!

-- A Reader at McMaster University

1. Punishment in China Report
Source: Asia Watch
From:  (FangZhen Lin)  EDU%"lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU"

        Despite  the  lifting  of  martial  law, there has been a
deepening  of  repression  in  China  in  the last several months
according to Asia Watch. In a new report, the human rights organ-
ization  charges that arrests of peaceful dissenters are continu-
ing;  that  most  of  the  thousands  detained  have neither been
charged  nor brought to trial; that some students have been tried
in  secret  in  proceedings  wholly lacking in due process and in
which  guilt  was  presumed;  that  new death sentences have been
imposed  and executions carried out; that the Chinese authorities
are  engaged in the widespread use of torture; that prison guards
beat  detainees; that new regulations impose further restrictions
on  news  reporting;  and that martial law continues in Tibet, as
well  as  arrests of peaceful protestors, summary trials and tor-

        Asia Watch's report includes a list of more than 500 per-
sons,  with identifying information on them, known by the organi-
zation  to  have  been  detained in China since June 4, 1989. The
true  figure  is,  however, far higher. Most of the detainees, of
whom  it  is estimated that there are from 10,000 to 30,000, have
not  been identified. Asia Watch called on the Chinese government
to publish the names of the 573 detainees it seay it has released
and  to  give  Asia  Watch permission to go to China to interview

        Asia Watch's report was written by Robin Munro, its staff
specialist  on  China.  Mr.  Munro was in Beijing throughtout the
weeks  leading  up  to  the  June 3-4 attack; he was in Tiananmen
Square  throughout  the  night of the assault; and he remained in
Beijing for more than two weeks thereafter.

        Copies  of  "Punishment  Season"  are available from Asia
Watch, 485 Fifth Avenue, New YOrk, N.Y. 10017 at $8.00.  
For more infomation:
Sidney Jones, Executive Director of Asia Watch [w] (212) 972-8400
                                               [h] (718) 398-4186
Robin Munro, Research Director                 [w] (212) 972-8400
                                               [h] (212) 222-6461

2. Li Peng Makes Conciliatory Remarks On U.S. 
Source:   The China World at Florida Atlantic University

BEIJING  (FEB.  5) REUTER - China's hardline Premier Li Peng sent
unusually  conciliatory  signals  to the United States on Monday,
saying  Beijing attached importance to friendship with the Ameri-
can people and to Sino-U.S. relations.

   Li,  a leading force behind the crackdown on democracy demons-
trators  in  Tiananmen  Square  last  June, made the remarks to a
visiting delegation of former U.S. congressmen. 

   Western  diplomats said it was hard to interpret this apparent
policy  shift  without  knowing if China had struck a secret deal
with the United States over Fang and the sanctions issue.

   Li's message could be seen as one of support for U.S

3. Gorbachev Hit From Left, Right
Source:   The China World at Florida Atlantic University

   MOSCOW  (AP)  --  Communist  Party leaders added an unexpected
third  day  to  their pivotal meeting Tuesday and sent Mikhail S.
Gorbachev back to the drawing board to fill in holes in his blue-
print for ending the party's monopoly on power.

   The  extension of the party session, which was supposed to end
Tuesday,  was  a  clear  sign  of  the  controversy  generated by
Gorbachev's  proposals  to  revamp the country's political struc-

   It sharply contrasted with previous sessions, when the Central
Committee  automatically  approved  policies that had been worked
out at higher levels.

   Central  Committee  sources  said  most  speakers  agreed with
Gorbachev's   proposal   that  the  party's  monopoly  on  power,
enshrined in the Soviet Constitution, must end.

4. A Reader's Comment (Re: Feb. 6 (I), News Digest) 
From:  "Young Chul KIM, IBRD" <CAFGM@IBRDVM1>

Mr./Ms. Tang, (One CND Editor)

It  is always a pleasure to contribute to CND. Even though I am a
Korean,  my heart is with your people and the students in the US.
I  am  often  impressed  by the efforts of the CND group to share
news  with  those  far-  far-  away  from home. Rest assured that
changes are made through time, effort and patience, and accept my
deepest compassion for your movement!

5. China's Communist Party Urges Cooperation With Other Parties
From: chenh@ucs.indiana.edu Wed Feb  7
Source: (AP) News

    BEIJING  -  The Communist Party Wednesday released a document
urging   increased  cooperation  with  China's  eight  tiny  non-
Communist parties.

    But  it  asserted  that  China will always be under Communist

    The release of the Dec. 30 document came as Communist parties
in  Eastern  Europe are abandoning their hold on power, according
to a Central Committee delegate.

    The   Soviet   Communist  Party  leaders  Tuesday  agreed  to
surrender  their  constitutionally guaranteed ''leading role'' in

    China  hasn't  commented on Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's
proposals  to  abolish  the party's 70-year monopoly on political

    Communist  parties  in  East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia,
and  other  Eastern  European  countries  already have eliminated
their ''leading role'' status.

    The  Chinese  document, however, stressed ''that China's mul-
tiparty  cooperation  must uphold the leadership by the CPC,'' or
Communist  Party of China, according to a paraphrase by the offi-
cial Xinhua News Agency.

    China's  state  constitution  refers to the Chinese people as
being ''under the leadership of the Communist Party.''

    The  document  said China ''differs from the one-party system
practiced in some socialist countries.''

|  China News Digest Subscription: (Xinmeng Liao) xliao@ccm.umanitoba.ca  |
|  China News Digest Executive Editor: (Bo Chi)   chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.edu  | 

Wed Feb  7 21:17:55 EST 1990

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (02/08/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General)

                       -- Feb. 7 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
News Brief  ........................................................... 109
1. Some Perspective of Beijing's Night Life  ........................... 57
2. A China  News Digest  Reader's Comment  (Letter) .................... 38
3. China Clamps Down on Overseas Study ................................. 99

News Brief

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia (AP)   February 04, 1990

  State  radio  broadcast a regular Mass for the first time in four decades
Sunday,  and  the official news agency said brodcasts of Protestant, Jewish
and other Roman Catholic services would follow.

   In a separate dispatch, the official CTK news agency announced officials
from  the  new  non-Communist  government  would  meet Kremlin officials in
Moscow  Wednesday  for  talks  on  withdrawing  the estimated 75,000 Soviet
troops from Czechoslovakia.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 04, 1990

  China  on  Sunday  evening launched its fifth telcommunications satellite
from  the Xichang space center in the southwestern province of Sichuan, the
official Xinhua News Agency reported.

   The  satellite,  launched  by a Long March 3 rocket, was moving into its
designated  orbit and all instruments were functioning normally, the report
    China,  which  is  aggressively  promoting  its  services,  in April is
scheduled  to  put  into orbit its first non-Chinese satellite, AsiaSat, an
American-made communications satellite owned by a Hong Kong-based company.

    That  launch  was  jeopardized by U.S. economic sanctions imposed after
China's crackdown on the pro-democracy movement in June, but President Bush
in December agreed to waive the ban on exporting the satellite to China.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: VINNA, Austria (AP)   February 04, 1990

  Albania's  hard-line Communist Party Central Committee plans to introduce
some reforms as part of a cautious move away from total control of society,
Albania's state ATA news agency reported Sunday.
    Albania  broke  with  the  Soviet Union in 1961 over Moscow's policy of
de-Stalinization  and  with  China  in  1978 because of Beijing's perceived
deviation from Marxist-Leninist tenets.
    Albanian  leaders  repeatedly have emphasized that the changes sweeping
Eastern  Europe  will  not affect their country, stressing that Albania has
developed separately from the Warsaw Pact for the last 40 years.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: WASHINGTON (AP)   February 05, 1990

  The Export-Import Bank has granted a $9.75 million dollar loan to China's
National Offshore Oil Co., a bank official said Monday.
    The  bank  official,  who spoke to The Associated Press on condition of
anonymity, said negotiations on the loan had been been in progress for some
time and did not signify a change in U.S.-Chinese commercial relations.
    President  Bush  last Dec. 19 removed restrictions, as he had authority
to do, on Ex-Im Bank loans to China that Congress imposed last July.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: WASHINGTON (AP)   February 05, 1990

  China  has bought an additional 299,150 metric tons of U.S. wheat under a
price-subsidy program, the Agriculture Department said Monday.
    The  sales  were  part  of  1 million tons authorized for sale to China
under the program Dec. 5. A previous allocation of 2 million tons made last
Feb. 27 had been exhausted, except for 10,000 tons.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: JAKARTA, Indonesia (UPI)   February 05, 1990

  Indonesia  will  normalize  relations  with  China  this year, Indonesian
Foreign  Minister  Ali Alatas said in a statement transmitted Monday by the
official news agency Antara.
  The Two countries severed  diplomatic ties in 1967 after Indonesia blamed
China  for  backing  a  failed  coup  that led to the downfall of President
Sukarno. China has steadfastly denied the accusation.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   February 05, 1990

  Authorities are in the process of resettling in the countryside more than
10  million  peasants  who  have  flocked to the cities in search of better
economic opportunities, the official media reported Monday.
    Millions  of  peasants  flooded  China's  large  cities  to  seek their
fortunes, often working as day laborers on large construction projects.

    However, because both the labor market and industrial productivity have
taken  a  plunge under the current austerity program, construction has been
sharply cut back.
    Many  factories have cut workers' salaries by 30 percent and reduced or
even  temporarily  canceled  cash  bonuses,  which  comprise  as much as 30
percent of the monthly wage.

1. Some Perspective of Beijing's Night Life
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
BY: JONES, TERRIL ;  Associated Press Writer
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 05, 1990

  While  most of Beijing settles down for an evening of TV, a small segment
is out on the town singing.

   Restaurants  that  dish  ut  food in daylight turn into sing-along clubs
called  "karaoke" after sundown and have brought a little life to Beijing's
otherwise dull nights.

    "There's not much to do in Beijing at night, ..." said hotel worker Qiu
Jingshi,  20,  between  songs  at  the Yanhai Restaurant. "But here, we can
listen  to music, dance and sing karaoke. I do songs by singers from Taiwan
and China, not in English because I don't understand the words."

    He  was  one  of  about  60 young people who paid $4.20 each one recent
night to sing along at the Yanhai, which provides soundtracks of well-known
songs from 9 p.m. to 2 a.m. nightly and until 5 a.m. Saturdays.

    The Yanhai has a repertoire of songs in Chinese, and 364 English titles
including  tunes  from  Elvis  Presley,  Neil  Sedaka and Perry Como to the
Monkees,  Madonna  and Janet Jackson. Old favorites range from "Three Blind
Mice" and "Havah Nagila" to "Moon River" and "Rock Around the Clock."

    In  the  dim  light, a couple sing a duet of "Tennessee Waltz." A young
man sings a Chinese song; later people dance to taped music.

    "My friends told me it was a lot of fun, so I came to try it out," said
Qi Hong, a 21-year-old coed. "I can sing two songs in English: 'River of No
Return' and 'Love Story'."

    Zhang  Liang  works  nightly  as a singer at the Mingxing Restaurant, a
bright  oasis  of  gaudy  neon  lights  on a quiet Beijing back street. The
20-year-old  bartender-by-day  was  hired  to  sing  twice  a  night at the
Mingxing  to  lend atmosphere and encourage timid Chinese vocalists to sing
along with him.

    "If  things slow down, I'll come out and sing again," he says. With his
flowing hair and acid-washed denim jacket with stainless steel studs, Zhang
cuts  a striking figure on the spotlighted stage as he belts out numbers in
Mandarin and Cantonese.

    Nowhere are there foreigners, who usually go to more expensive bars and
discos  in joint-venture hotels reserved for them and often are barred from
Chinese night spots.

    Zhang  earns  $6.40  a night, working from 9 p.m. to midnight. He loves
dancing,  especially  "pili-wu"  (breakdancing)  and, like most Chinese his
age, is a fan of Michael Jackson.

    "I watch videos of the American Grammy awards every year," he said.

2. A China  News Digest  Reader's Comment  (Letter)
by "Roger Burns, Washington DC"  5-FEB-1990

Dr. Tang  Deming (An Editor of CND):


Many  of us are glad for the work you have done on the China News
Network,  and it would be a pity if you were not able to continue
your connection to the Internet network. ...

   I myself am an economist, and I work for my government here in
Washington, DC.  (I analyze price inflation.)
   I  have  been  interested in China for a long time, although I
have not done too much about it. ...

   And  please  tell  all  of the young people in China that they
must   study   economics,  business  management,  and  government
administration.   Then,  when the rulers say "You must do what is
good  for  the  Party",  they will be able to say "No, we will do
what  is good for China!" AND no one can then stop them from say-
ing  that.   Because  if  they are running the businesses and the
government  administration, then they are already *running* *the*
*country*.  Is that right ?

   I am trying to say this in a funny way, but there is something
serious  here also that I am saying.  It is a brave thing to risk
one's  life  for  freedom  and  independence.  It is also a brave
thing  to dedicate the rest one's life to studying what is neces-
sary  to help bring about freedom and independence.  If the young
Chinese  will  study  how  to run their country, then in years to
come their country *will* be theirs.

   Well  --  I  think  about  these  things a lot.  But I've done
enough thinking for tonight.
   Thank you again for your work.  And have a good day.

   - Roger Burns, Washington DC

3. China Clamps Down on Overseas Study
From: tsui@silver.ucs.indiana.edu (Yufeng Tsui)
Source: soc.culture.china

     BEIJING  (UPI)  -- China, in its latest move to tighten con-
trol  on  students,  has adopted a tough policy on overseas study
that  requires  all  college  graduates to work five years before
going  abroad  or face steep fines, government sources said Tues-

     Under  the  new  policy,  graduates  who  do not fulfill the
five-year  work period in China must reimburse their universities
for the entire period of tuition, the sources said.

     The new regulation was passed during a meeting last month of
the  State  Education  Commission, which oversees all educational
matters.  Sources knowledgeable about government affairs said the
commission issued the rule in  a confidential document circulated
to high-level officials.

     Contacted  by  telephone,  a commission spokesman denied the
existence  of  the  new measure. But the sources said the policy,
which  has  not  yet been announced, will take effect Feb. 10 and
apply to China's 2 million college students.

     Rumors of the impending measure had been circulating Beijing
for months but sources said it has now become official government

     The  meaure  is  the  latest in a number of moves to tighten
control  over  college  students  since last spring's student-led
democracy movement, which spread nationwide.

     After  the  brutal  crackdown on the movement last June that
left   hundreds   and  perhaps  thousands  dead,  the  government
announced  all would-be graduate students must work for two years
at ``grass-roots'' levels before continuing their studies.

     Masters and doctoral students wishing to study abroad within
the five-year limit also will be required to reimburse their home
institutions the full amount of tuition.

     China currently spends more than $414 a year on each college
student,  according  to  a recent official estimate, bringing the
cost  of  four  years of tuition to approximately $1,656 per stu-

     The  sum  is a fortune for the average college graduate, who
makes well below the monthly $36 earned by workers.

     The  new  measure  applies  to both government sponsored and
privately funded exchange students, the sources said.

     They said the required amount of tuition varies according to
different  schools and in some cases could reach a high of $4,761
per student.

     The  Chinese  government  is known to be distressed over the

increasingly  large  percentage of overseas exchange students who
choose to remain abroad.

     An  estimated  36,000 students studying in the United States
may  now  legally  extend their stays without returning to China,
according to an administrative order given by President Bush. The
order  is  intended to protect students from possible persecution
at home.

     Chinese students studying in the United States complained of
being  monitored  and harassed after they participated in rallies
protesting  the Chinese government's violent crackdown on dissent
last June.

     China  has not responded to Bush's order, although it warned
sharply  of  ``retaliation''  if U.S. Congress passed a bill con-
taining  the same provisions. The bill was defeated two weeks ago
by a narrow margin of four votes in the Senate.

     Some sources say the Chinese government may have written off
students now attending U.S. universities as permanently indoctri-
nated  by  the  West, making them risky sources of dissent should
they return.

     ``China  may  not  want those students back at all,'' said a
Western diplomat in Beijing.

     Since  the  military  crackdown  in June, the government has
waged a fierce campaign against ``bourgeois liberalism,'' a vague
term for Western political and cultural influences.

     China  still accuses the United States and ``certain Western
countries''  of  whipping up last spring's pro-democracy protests
in a plot to subvert the system.

     But  with  the  wave  of  political liberalizations sweeping
Eastern  Europe,  China  is  left with a dwindling number of pre-
ferred destinations for overseas study.

 Editor's Note: As a result of malfunction of mailing system, this
 is a re-posting news package. If the former one rounded back, please
 ignor it. Sorry for any inconvenience.

|  China News Digest Subscription (Xinmeng Liao): xliao@ccm.umanitoba.ca  |
|  China News Digest Executive Editor: (Bo Chi)  chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.edu   | 

Wed Feb  7 21:34:53 EST 1990