[ut.chinese] Feb. 10

chi@VLSI.WATERLOO.EDU (02/10/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General + NDCanada)

                       -- Feb. 10 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
News Brief  ............................................................ 27
1. China and USSR Open Talks On Reducing Border Forces ................. 37
2. International Reform Leaders Exchange Strategies for First Time ..... 34
3. PFH and Its Distribution Report ..................................... 39


News Brief

Source: (Unconfirmed) People from Beijing
Via "Xu, Gang" <GXU@KENTVM.BITNET>, CND Staff.
Masscre in MUXIDI (west Beijing) was unbelievable, he (the source)
from the direct eyewitness that soldiers shot at people and tanks
rolled  over  people.  Their  count  of  death  toll  is  several
thousands  to  ten  thousands. (Remeber Taiwan-born famous singer
Hou Dejian said he estimated more than one thousand bodies in one

Source: (Unconfirmed) People from Beijing
Via "Xu, Gang" <GXU@KENTVM.BITNET>, CND Staff.
One  institute of Academia Sinica (the source does want to reveal
name  of  institute,  he is still scared to death) was assigned a
quota  to  report  120 people who participated demonstration, the
institute  refused,  so a working group was sent to the institute
to  handle  this  matter. The personnel director was arrested for
his personal involving to the movement.

Source: (Unconfirmed) People from Beijing
Via "Xu, Gang" <GXU@KENTVM.BITNET>, CND Staff.
    All doctoral graduates in Academia Sinica were assigned jobs
outside  Beijing;  all  master graduates were sent to countryside
with  their  residence  registration  (HU  KOU) to be re-educated
until well-brainwashed.

1. China and USSR Open Talks On Reducing Border Forces
>From chenh@ucs.indiana.edu Fri Feb  9
Source: (AP) News

    BEIJING  -  China  and the Soviet Union Friday began a second
round  of  talks  aimed at reducing forces along their 4,300-mile

    The border is patrolled by hundreds of thousands of troops on
each side.

    The  Soviet Embassy said the talks on cutting military forces
and armaments along the frontier will continue until Feb. 22.

    The  official Xinhua News Agency, reporting on the opening of
the talks, said the two sides ''commented positively on the first
round  of talks held in Moscow last November and expressed readi-
ness to make further efforts to reduce the military forces in the
border  area  to  the minimum level corresponding to their normal
and good-neighborly relations.''

    An embassy official said the Soviet delegation is led by G.V.
Kireev,  chief  of  the Foreign Ministry department for socialist
countries in Asia.

    The  two sides agreed to open talks on troop levels along the
frontier  when Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev visited Beijing
in May.

    Gorbachev  said the frontier should be turned into a ''border
of  peace'' and pledged to withdraw 12 divisions, or 120,000 sol-
diers, from the border by the end of this year.

    The  Soviet  Union  is  believed  to have some 600,000 troops
along  the  Chinese  border. China, armed with less sophisticated
equipment, has an esti mated 1 million troops on the frontier.

2. International Reform Leaders Exchange Strategies for First Time
By LESLIE DREYFOUS, Associated Press Writer
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU>

    CAMBRIDGE,  Mass.  (AP)  -  The  architects  behind boycotts,
strikes   and   massive   rallies  that  have  altered  political
landscapes from the Berlin Wall to Soweto gathered Friday to con-
sider where to go next. ...

    Leaders  and scholars of democratic movements in China, South
Africa,  the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and elsewhere spent the
day  exchanging strategies and stories of reform; discussing what
works  and  what  doesn't  in  the  context of dramatic political
change. ...

    The  story in China has been slightly different, but Li Lu, a
leader of the student protesters who riveted the world last June,
said  the  movement's impact cannot be overlooked and must not be

    ''The  goal  of  the students was to make the people aware of
their situation and our power to effect change,'' said Lu, who is
on  his  country's  most wanted list and was forced to flee after
the  massacre  of  protesters  in Beijing's Tienanmen Square last
spring.  ''Almost everyone now is aware of the movement. The next
step is real, practical change.''

    Such  changes  could  also  be  spurred by the recent popular
uprisings  across  the  Soviet  bloc  and  radical changes in the
U.S.S.R.,  where  this week the Communists voted to end one-party
rule, Lu said.

    ''We  have  a  very  conservative dictatorship in China,'' he
said.  everywhere around them.'' ....

3. PFH and Its Distribution Report
by Xu Zhequn, VP of FCSSC
>From FS300310@YUSol.BITNET Sat Feb 10

FCSSC == Federation of Chinese Students and Scholars, Canada
      ==  Quan Jia Xue Lian  (2,1,2,2)    (in Chinese)

    1) PFH is not a conmercial newspaper, most people working for
PFH  are volunteers. So it's hard to expect it to reach a profes-
sional  level.  It's  not  even published regularly as it is sup-
posed,  for  example,  today  is  Feb.  10, but people in Toronto
haven't  received the original of Jan. 30 which PFH Canadian Edi-
tion  will  make it as Feb 10. When Ho Pin receives the original,
he  has  to  work  at least one full day to change it to Canadian
Edition and then send it to Sing Tao Newspaper for printing, Sing
Tao  will  print PFH free of charge but at the time of available,
sometimes  it could even delay for three or four days.  All these
factors  make it very hard to be a regular newspaper and reach to
the readers on time.

    2)  For  the  distribution,  a few York Chinese students have
been  volunteerly  doing  the  distribution,  since  it's totally
volunteer job and the subscription number and address kept chang-
ing, it's hard to blame them for not doing things perfectly. BTW,
the  distribution will be shifted to Ho Pin's team once FCSSC has
its office.

    3)  Financially,  PFH is relying on the donations from groups
and  individually,  and  not  very much is from subscription. The
subscription rate in Canada was set very  low in order to attract
more subscribers, especially for individual subscription.

To  contact  directly:   Ho  Pin's  phone no. is 416-862-8042 (he
doesn't have an e-mail address)

    Xu Zhequn from York University

|  China News Digest Subscription: (Xinmeng Liao) xliao@ccm.umanitoba.ca  |
|  China News Digest Executive Editor: (Bo Chi)   chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.edu  |

Sat Feb 10 17:10:39 EST 1990