[ut.chinese] Feb. 13

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (02/13/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General)

                       -- Feb. 13 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
News Brief  ............................................................ 36
1. Thousands In Mongolia Demand Communists Give Up Sole Power .......... 46
2. China Punishes Two Hundreds More Pro-democracy Peopel ............... 72
3. Recent Situation about Dai Qing ..................................... 67


News Brief  
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 09, 1990
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
  A   moderately  strong  earthquake  hit  coastal China north of
Shanghai  early  today,   but  there  were no  immediate  reports
of   damage  or  injuries,  the official Xinhua News Agency said.

Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 09, 1990
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
  China   and   the  Soviet  Union  today began a second round of
talks aimed at reducing  forces  along  their  4,300-mile border,
patrolled by hundreds of thousands of troops on each side. .....

    The  Soviet  Union  is  believed  to have some 600,000 troops
along  the  Chinese  border.  China,  armed  with  less sophisti-
cated  equipment,  has an estimated 1 million troops on the fron-
tier. ........

    The  two  Communist  powers fought a brief border war in 1969
and  there  have   been   sporadic   clashes  since  then  around
disputed  areas  of the frontier.  ...

BY: HARTMAN, CARL; AssociatedPress Writer
Source: WASHINGTON (AP) February 09, 1990
From: "Jian Ding"  <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
  The   federal   Export-Import   Bank  is making a $10.4 million
grant  to  help  China  build  a  subway  in  Shanghai,  the bank
announced Friday. ...

    A  $30  million  World Bank loan to China announced on Thurs-
day  was for relief of an earthquake that occurred in October and
so was not part of the package.

1. Thousands In Mongolia Demand Communists Give Up Sole Power
From: (Yagui Wei) yawei@ucs.indiana.edu
Source: (AP) NEWS 2/11/90

    BEIJING  -  Mongolians  stirred  up  by the Soviet Communists
Party's  decision  to  relinquish  its monopoly on power demanded
Mongolia's Communists do the same in a rally Sunday.

    The rally drew thousands of people, a source said.

    About  4,000  to 5,000 Mongolians attended the 3-hour demons-
tration  in front of the Lenin Museum in Mongolia's capital, Ulan
Bator, a source said.

    The foreign source was contacted by telephone from Beijing.

    It  was the fifth demonstration called by the Mongolian Demo-
cratic Union, founded in December by artists and intellectuals.

    The  rally  was called late Wednesday or Thursday, the source
said,  after  the  Soviet Communist Party voted to relinquish its
decades-old hold on political power.

    Mongolia, ruled by Communists since 1921 and long a client of
the  Soviet  Union,  has cautiously followed the So- viet lead in
embracing  ''perestroika,'' or reform, but apparently not quickly
enough for some of its citizens.

    Some  speakers Sunday called for the resignation of President
Jambyn Batmonh and the Politburo and criticized Premier Dumaagiyn
Sodnom for the nation's ''stagnant'' economy.

    But  the  speakers  stressed  they weren't against the party,
just opposed to its monopoly, the source said.

    Indeed,  two  banners showed the union working with the party
to  combat bureaucratism. One depicted the union on one side of a
saw  and  the  party  on  the  other  side,  cutting  down a tree
representing the bureaucracy, he said.

    Unlike  previous rallies, which were dominated by union offi-
cials,  speakers Sunday included a taxi driver, a factory worker,
an  elderly  woman, a coal miner and a herdsman from the country-
side,  the source said. Many said they were members of the union,
which claims a total membership of 60,000.

2. China Punishes Two Hundreds More Pro-democracy Peopel
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   February 10, 1990

  China   staged   more   than   200   criminal  trials  directly
linked  to  last  spring's  pro-democracy  movement, while trials
for  unspecified  crimes  rose  sharply,  a  state-run  newspaper
reported Saturday.

   The  figures  were  believed  the  first  reported compilation
of  trials involving  the  thousands of people arrested after the
government  violently suppressed last spring's demonstrations and
launched a nationwide crackdown on dissent.

    The   report   in  the  Beijing  Daily,  an  official newspa-
per,  said  the  figures  were  announced  at a conference on the
nation's municipal courts.

    The   newspaper  said Chinese courts in 1989 tried "more than
200"  cases  of    offenses  stemming  from  the  "counterrevolu-
tionary   rebellion,"   the  government's   label  for  the  pro-
democracy protests that swept the nation until the crackdown last

    The   report  gave  few details and listed only the number of
cases  tried, omitting how many suspects were tried in each case.
Chinese criminal courts often  hold  trials for multiple suspects
and,  under  Chinese  law,  virtually all suspects tried are con-

    Courts   also  handled  3,459  cases  on  "crimes of severely
disrupting  social  order,"  a  47 percent increase over 1988, it
said.  The  report  did not elaborate, but at least some of those
cases  are  also  believed  linked to the student-led unrest last

    The  Chinese government has kept secret virtually all tallies
of  arrests  and  trials  stemming from the dragnet that followed
the  crackdown.  Western  diplomats  believe  between  10,000 and
30,000 people were arrested.

    The  government initially publicized the arrests last summer,
but  senior  leader   Deng Xiaoping is known to have subsequently
ordered that only a few high-profile arrests be made public.

    Human   rights groups have reported thousands of people still
held,  many  in   apparent   violation  of  even  the  flimsy due
process  guarantees  under  Chinese  law. Detainees released from
jails  have  told  Western reporters they were held incommunicado
for months.

    The  government, concerned about its tarnished image overseas
and hoping to  win  the  restoration of foreign economic coopera-
tion,  has  been  acutely  sensitive  to  the  persistent Western
reports on detainees and trials.

    The official Xinhua news agency last month carried an unusual
denial  by an  unidentified  "senior  judge" of a Washington Post
report that at least 800  people had been convicted and sentenced
to  prison  in  secret  trials for offenses linked to last year's

    Several    independent   Western   reports,   however,   have
quoted  informed  Chinese  sources as confirming that such trials
have been held.

    Many   of  the  college  students who led the democracy move-
ment  and  the leading  intellectuals  who  supported  it  remain
confined   at   the  Qincheng  Prison   in   Beijing's   northern
suburbs.   Authorities   routinely refuse to answer any inquiries
about the detainees or the prison.

3. Recent Situation about Dai Qing 
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
BY: FU, CHARLENE L. ;  Associated Press Writer
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 09, 1990

  A   prominent   Chinese   journalist   who   was arrested eight
months ago for supporting  pro-democracy  students  recently  was
allowed a visit from her family, her daughter said Friday.

   Dai   Qing's   husband   and   daughter  visited  her  for the
first time at Qincheng  prison  on  the outskirts of Beijing late
last  month,  just  before the Lunar New Year, the most important
holiday in China.

    Wang   Xiaojia,  the  daughter,  denied a news report in Hong
Kong  that her mother had been released from prison and put under
house arrest.

    Authorities  told  the  family  the  investigation  of  Dai's
case  was  completed   recently but she would continue to be held
under  "guardianship," Wang said, and the family had no idea when
she might be freed.

    Dai   worked  for the Guangming Daily, a newspaper for intel-
lectuals.  She was  one  of  China's  most prominent journalists,
well-known  for critical, frank reports on political, environmen-
tal and feminist issues.

    She   joined   other  journalists  last spring in calling for
guarantees  of  greater   press   freedom.  On  May 14, fearing a
crackdown,  she  pleaded  with  student  demonstrators  to  leave
Tiananmen Square.

    Immediately   after   soldiers  drove the protesters from the
square  June 3-4,  killing  hundreds  and  perhaps  thousands  of
unarmed  civilians,  Dai  publicly  resigned  from  the Communist

    Security forces took the journalist from her home July 13.

    Wang   said  her  mother  seemed  well  and  appeared  to  be
holding  up  emotionally.   She  said  Dai did not appear to have
been  beaten and was not handcuffed or restrained during the hour
in a visitors' room.

    Wang,  21, said it was the first time she and her father were
allowed to visit Dai.

    "We  brought  her  some  food  chocolates and packaged meat,"
she said.  "Mostly, we just talked about family matters."

    Wen  Wei  Po,  a nespaper in Hong Kong that supports Beijing,
said  last  week  Chinese  authorities  recently had allowed many
imprisoned  pro-democracy  activists  to  have  visits from their

    The   visits  coincided  with  the  Lunar  New  Year and were
granted to "intellectuals and academics," the paper reported.

    It   said  Wang Dan, one of the democracy movement's top stu-
dent  leaders,  and  Liu  Xiaobo,  a  teacher  who  was  a hunger
striker, were among those visited.

    The  decision  was  made  in  tandem with the lifting of mar-
tial law in Beijing  in  mid-January.  It said both moves were to
indicate that China's political situation is "daily becoming more


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Tue Feb 13 09:08:32 EST 1990