[ut.chinese] Feb. 21

chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.ca (Bo Chi) (02/21/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General)

                       -- Feb. 21 (I), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
News Brief  ............................................................ 64
1. Soviet Politburo Members Stripped Of Plush Estates .................. 48
2. Letter From Reader: Fang Lizhi's Book Published in US ............... 27
3. Li Peng  Asks Vigilance Against Ethnic Strife ....................... 21
4. China Fails Stop Student Leader Address U.N. Commission ............. 46     

News Brief 
From: simone@nyspi. (J. Yang)
By Chen, Chongzhong
Source: World Journal, Beijing, 1/20/90
Chinese  Communist  Party  chief  Jiang  Zeming  quoted poems and
English  during the interview with members of 'China United Alli-
ence' of Taiwan.  Mr. Jiang's major points were:

(i)  Jiang  did  not  promise  to give up the engagement of armed
force  on  Taiwan, but efforts would be made to solve the problem
peacefully;  (ii)  As  to  the  changes in Soviet and East Europe,
Jiang said it was not realist- tic to say that these changes made
no influence on Chinese Communist Party, but it was not true that
these  changes affected CCP tremandously; (3) Would take moderate
policy  on  students abroad and 'welcome home'. Students involved
in 'June 4' were not rebellions;

Jiang  also  said  that  the reason of not announcing the list of
those  who  died  last  year  was because the family members were
against it.

From: simone@nyspi. (J. Yang)
Source: AP, Beijing, 2/18/90

Chinese  State Council official denied the saying that Premier Li
Peng  would  resign  in  the  coming State Council representative
meeting, saying that it was completely a rumor.

Uncomfirmed report says that senior leaders will force Li Peng to
resign  becau-  se he is related to last year's bloody crackdown.
Western  diplomats tend not to believe it because that will admit
that the brutal crackdown is wrong.

From: simone@nyspi. (J. Yang)
Source: The New York Times, Beijing, 2/17/90
Chinese Communist Party will start its 'Reregistration', for some
party  members it means a series of meetings and self analyses in
the coming few months, and the possibilty of being purged.

The  central and local government, factories and universities are
ordered to fo- llow the guiding principle to process the reregis-
tration. It does not cause a lot of concerns for most of the peo-
ple,  even  for  those  who  were  involved  in  last year's pro-
democracy movement, the report says.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   February 19, 1990
  The  roof  of a meeting hall collapsed onto about 270 people at
a  factory  in a northeast China city, killing at least 30 people
and  injuring  at  least 130 others, the semi-official China News
Service said Monday.

   The  accident  occurred  Friday  at  a  heavy  machinery  fac-
tory in the northeast  coastal  city  of  Dalian in Liaoning Pro-
vince, the news service said. ...

    The accident was under investigation, CNS said.

1. Soviet Politburo Members Stripped Of Plush Estates 
From: (Yagui Wei) yawei@ucs.indiana.edu
Source: (AP) NEWS 2/20/90

    MOSCOW  -  Mikhail  Gorbachev's new perestroika-without-perks
policy is opening up a harsh new world for Politburo members.

    Most  members  will  have  to  do without their plush country
homes, or dachas.

    The  government has decided that the country's leaders are no
longer  entitled  to  privileges  such as the dachas, and they've
been ordered out.

    The  only  exceptions  are  for Gorbachev and Premier Nikolai

    Valery  A.  Sidorov,  an  aide  to the chairman of the Soviet
legislature's  Commission  on  Privileges,  said  the dachas have
become  a  ''mass  insult'' and their occupants will just have to
get used to a ''normal lifestyle.''

    Where  once  the  Soviet  high  and  mighty played and sipped
vodka,  children  will  roam.  Sidorov said the country homes are
being  turned  over to the Soviet Health Ministry for use as rest
homes and kindergartens.

    As  if  losing  the  dachas  wasn't enough of a blow, retired
members  of the Communist Party's long-ruling Politburo will also
have  to  do  without the three household workers and black Volga
cars  the  government  has  been providing them virtually free of
charge, Sidorov said.

    They  also  will  lose  the  right to order food from special
government stocks.

    The  changes are part of a general attack on the perks of the
Soviet elite.

    In  a  country  where shortages of housing, food and consumer
goods  are  a  major source of discontent, the network of special
stores, private airports, sleek black limousines, fancy homes and
high-quality medical care for the government and party elite have
generated massive public fury.

    Maverick  Communist Boris Yeltsin built a parliamentary elec-
tion  campaign  on the issue last year, and became wildly popular
because of it.

2. Letter From Reader: Fang Lizhi's Book Published in US 
Dear Editor:

   The latest issue of `Physics Today' published a book review by
Dr.  David  N. Schramm, U. of Chicago, on the English translation
of  the  book  written  by Fang Lizhi and Li Shuxian. The book is
entitled  as  "Creation of the Universe". This is an English edi-
tion  of  the  author's  popular  1987  Chinese book. Dr. Schramm
quoted  Prof.  Fang  as "one of the first scientists to recognize
the  excitement  at  the interface of cosmology and particle phy-
sics" and a "China's leading cosmologist".

  It is a big honor to have a scientific book in foreign language
translated into English and recommended to "general audience".

  The  American  Astronomical Society has decided to send "Astro-
physical  Journal"  and  its other publications to Prof. Fang and
encouraged  all  the  members  of  AAS to send him pre-prints and
reprints,  while  Fang stays in the Embassy of the U. S. in Beij-

                          Dr. Cheng-Yue Zhang
                          Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
                          The University of Calgary

3. Chinese Premier Asks Vigilance Against Ethnic Strife
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU> 
Source: (AP) news 19 Feb 90

    BEIJING  (AP)  -  Premier Li Peng, apparently concerned about
ethnic  separatism  in the neighboring Soviet Union, ordered that
any such movements in China be wiped out immediately, an official
report said Monday.

    ''A tiny number of separatists, under the mantle of national-
ism  and religion, oppose socialism and sabotage the unity of all
Chinese  nationalities,'' Xinhua News Agency quoted Li as telling
officials in charge of minority affairs.

    ''We  must  not  relax  our vigilance. We should wipe out all
separatist  activities  while  they  are  still  in the embryonic

    Li  spoke last Thursday, Xinhua said. The release of speeches
is often delayed in China.
4. China Fails Stop Student Leader Address U.N. Commission 
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU>
Source: (AP) news 20 Feb 90

    GENEVA  (AP)  - An exiled leader of last June's pro-democracy
movement  went before the U.N. Human Rights Commission on Tuesday
and condemned Beijing for continued repression in a speech that a
Chinese delegate failed to stop.

    Wu'er Kaixi told the 43-nation panel that ''systematic viola-
tions  of human rights'' continue in his native country and urged
the  international  community to keep a close watch on the situa-
tion there.

    Wu'er,  who  is  continuing his studies in the United States,
said underground resistance networks are still trying to organize
in major Chinese cities.

    ''We  believe  that  the  measures taken in Beijing after the
lifting  of the martial law are nothing but an attempt to disman-
tle and eradicate this type of organization,'' he said.

    ''At the same time, the massive campaign of arbitrary arrests
and  executions  launched in June - most of them secret - has not
yet ceased,'' he added.

    Wu'er,  22, spoke as a member of the delegation of the Paris-
based  International Federation of Human Rights, one of more than
100  non-governmental organizations that have been granted a con-
sultative  status  with  the U.N. body and are allowed to address
the session.

    As  soon as Wu'er began speaking, the Chinese delegate to the
commission,  given  the  floor on a point of order, protested his

    ''This  speaker  is a criminal wanted by the Chinese security
organs,''  said the delegate, Shiqiu Chen. ''He is here as a tool
of  certain anti-Chinese elements abroad who engage in slanderous
attacks on China.''

    He repeated his attack in a brief exchange with the president
of  the  commission,  Purificacion Quisumbing of the Philippines.
She  then asked Wu'er to continue after telling Shiqiu that Wu'er
was  a  ''duly  accredited  member of a duly accredited organiza-

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Wed Feb 21 12:15:33 EST 1990