[ut.chinese] March I

chi@VLSI.WATERLOO.EDU (03/01/90)

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                 * C h i n a   N e w s   D i g e s t *

                             (News General)

                       -- March (II), 1990

Table of Contents
                                                                     # of Lines
News Brief  ............................................................ 69
1. Beijing Promotes 'To Walk in Tiananmen Square' ...................... 48
2. French Reporters Ordered to Leave China ............................. 47
3. Foreign Journalists Seek Meeting With China Gov't ................... 52
4. China Gov't Convicts Five of Spying for Taiwan ...................... 28
5. North Korea Recalls and Sends Students to Re-education Camps ........ 33
6. CND Help Recommend: China History TV Program ........................ 42
News Brief
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
BY: WILHELM, KATHY ;     Associated Press Writer
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 27, 1990

  Chinese,  American  and Soviet mountaineers plan to scale Mount
Everest  and  clean   up  some  of the 2 tons of discarded tents,
oxygen  bottles and other garbage left by generations of climbers
on the world's highst peak.

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
BY: HARTMAN, CARL ;  Associated Press Writer
Source: WASHINGTON (AP)   February 27, 1990

  The   Word  Bank's  board,  including the United States, unani-
mously  approved  a   $60  million  loan to China on Tuesday, the
first  of  seven  loans that bank president   Barber  B.  Conable
held   back   after  the  crackdown  on   the pro-democracy move-
ment last June. ....

From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (UPI)   February 27, 1990

  The  ruling  Communist  Party  called  for  stronger party con-
trol  of  the  military  in  a  document  saying the selection of
officers  should  hinge on "political integrity" as well as abil-
ity, the state-run press said Tuesday.

From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Reuters, HK, 2/28/90

International  Human  Right  Organization  said  on  Feb. 28 that
Chinese  government may execute a Tibet student to warn those who
support the independency of Tibet

The student killed a policeman two years ago and is considered as
symbolic lead er by Tibet students.

The  Tibet  New  Year  is  in  this week and people in India will
applaud to Dalai La ma.

From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Central Agency, HK, 2/27/90

Xin  Bao  in Hong Kong quoted source in Beijing as releasing that
it  is very like ly Yang Shangqun will be elected as the Chairman
of  the State CMC in the up- coming People's Congress. CMC, then,
will  be co-chaired by two people. Jiang Zemin is the Chairman of

The  rumor of CMC double chairmen is circulating among high rank-
ing  officials  in Beijing, the report says. It reported that the
changes  of  the  high ranking offi cers of the Armed Police will
also be controled by Yang brothers.

From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: Agence France Presse, Beijing, 2/27/90

Source in Beijing says Beijing government made the sixteenth pro-
test against Frency government. French embassador refused to dis-
close the content of the protest.  The fifteenth protest was made
on  Oct. 31, 1989 when FDC carried on a campaign of sending demo-
cracy information to China through fax machines.

1. Beijing Promotes 'To Walk in Tiananmen Square'
From: simone@nyspi.bitnet. (J. Yang)
Source: World Journal, Tokyo, 2/27/90
By Chen, Zejen

According  to  a  flyer from China, a group of Beijing residences
and students are calling for an activity of 'To Walk in Tiananmen
Square' between April 1st and 5th.

This  flyer,  which was sent out on Feb. 10th and was circulating
among Chinese students in Japan, pointed out the great changes in
East  Europe  and  called on people to gather in Tiananmen Square
again and let the spring of a democratic China comes early.

They  stressed,  however, people would not go to Tiananmen Square
to  demonstrate,  in  stead, people only to take a walk, with did
not  need  permission  and  could  not  be  banned;  no flags, no
banners,  but  walk.  People  could talk to each other , could be
happy,  could  be  sad,  or  only  be  silent.  Feelings could be
exchanged  by  only  smiling  at each other; great power could be
shown by being calm.

They  think  it  can  become  the  focus  of the world so long as
thousands  people stand in the square, and everybody will be able
to  feel  the  meaning  and con- tent from the calm people in the

Meanwhile,  they predict that those who are afraid of people will
also be afraid of this activity, and will threaten this activity.
The  flyer, there- fore, wants people to ignore it, no arguments,
no  explanations, because on body can deal with the silent under-
standings among people.

Finally,  the group of people urge people to constrain themselves
and  not  to turn this calm power show into a open demonstration.
When  hundreds of thou- sand people are organized and can control
themselves, they will never be com- peted, the flyer says.

 News Contributor's Note to CND Editors:

I am moved by the above report and hope our readers can share it.
It  is  very smart and could be very great! The IFCSS should know
it  and  check  it  out, and coordinate. It could become a great,
great event to show people's power. They are right, the calm from
hundreds of thousands people can scare dictators to death!

2. French Reporters Ordered to Leave China
From: "Jian Ding" <IZZYQ00@OAC.UCLA.EDU>
Source: BEIJING (AP)   February 27, 1990

  A   French   television   reporter   and  her  translator  were
ordered  to  leave  China  after  conducting  interviews  without
permission   in  a  sensitive minority region, an official report
said Tuesda.

   Daniele  Loustallot of  the  French television network Antenne
2  is  the  first  foreign  correspondent  ordered to leave China
under  a  new  press  law  that   took   effect  last  month.  It
requires  visiting  reporters  to obtain temporary  accreditation
from  the  government and limits them to approved interviews.

    Ms.   Loustallot  and her translator, Fabienne Goldberg, were
working  for  the   network's   human   rights   program, "Resis-
tances,"  according to program spokesman  Noel  Mamere  in Paris.
He did not give details of their planned report.
    The  People's  Daily  newspaper  said  the  two  arrived Feb.
13 in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, a vast, mostly Moslem
area in China's far northwest. They traveled on tourist visas.

    "They  conducted  a  series  of  illegal interviews and other
activities  not  compatible   with  their  tourist  status,"  the
paper  said,  without  giving  details.   It said they "ignored a
warning  by  the Public Security Bureau and had a rude and unrea-
sonable attitude."

    It   did not say what deadline was set for the women to leave
China.  The  French   Embassy said they were still in the country
Tuesday, but refused to give other details.

    Xinjiang  is  sparsely  populated by various minority groups,
including  the  Uygurs,  who  have clashed from time to time with
Chinese security forces over religious and cultural differences.

    Local     authorities    generally   have   treated   foreign
reporters    with  suspicion,    and   last  year   police   beat
up   two  Beijing-based  foreign correspondents who believed they
had permission to visit.

    Foreign   journalists in Beijing have come under tighter sur-
veillance in recent weeks. However, Chinese Foreign Minister Qian
Qichen, in Geneva for a  disarmament  conference,  said  journal-
ists  "have  great  freedom, I think that perhaps the freedom has
been too extensive."

3. Foreign Journalists Seek Meeting With China Gov't
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU>
Source: AP news 28 Feb 90

    BEIJING  (AP)  -  An  organization representing more than 100
foreign  journalists  today  requested  a meeting with government
officials to discuss a recent increase in police surveillance.

    ''We strongly object to this interference in the journalistic
work   of   accredited   foreign  correspondents,''  the  Foreign
Correspondents  Club  of  Beijing said in a letter to the Foreign

    It requested a meeting with the ministry's director of infor-
mation,  Li  Zhaoxing, and ''representatives of relevant security
organizations at the earliest possible date.''

    The letter was delivered to the ministry today, and there was
no  immediate response. More than 130 foreign correspondents from
more than two dozen countries belong to the organization.

    Police  have  sharply increased surveillance of foreign jour-
nalists  since  martial  law  was  lifted  in Beijing last month.
Correspondents  from nearly a dozen news organizations, including
Americans,  Europeans  and Soviets, said they have been tailed at
least once by plainclothes police in the past few weeks.

    One  reporter  said  his  Chinese  friends had been warned by
their  employers  to  stop  seeing him. Three Chinese who visited
another  reporter's  home  last  week were taken away by security
agents as they left.

    Foreign  journalists  have  faced reduced access to officials
and  tighter  controls since June, when the army was called in to
crush massive popular protests for democracy. Some have been fol-
lowed  from  time  to  time, but surveillance has become markedly
more intense since Jan. 11, when martial law was lifted.

    Under  martial  law, foreign journalists were required to get
military approval for all interviews. Police surveillance appears
to be a substitute measure.

    Foreign  Minister Qian Qichen, in Geneva to attend a disarma-
ment conference, said the reports of stepped up surveillance were
inaccurate  and  warned that any ''secret activities'' by foreign
journaists would prompt official response.

    As  during past upsurges of conservative ideology, longstand-
ing  official suspicion and resentment of all foreigners also has
come  to  the  fore. A Western diplomat in Shanghai said security
guards  recently accused his driver of being a foreign lackey and
beat him up.

4. China Gov't Convicts Five of Spying for Taiwan
From: Fangzhen Lin <lin@Neon.Stanford.EDU>
Source: (AP) News 27/2/90

    BEIJING  (AP) - A Shanghai court Wednesday convicted five men
of spying for the rival Nationalist government on Taiwan and sen-
tenced them to prison terms of five years to life.

    They were among more than a dozen mainland Chinese accused of
acting  as  agents  of  Taiwan  during  last  year's massive pro-
democracy protests.

    Zhou  Yan,  23,  and  Qiu Lin, 30, were recruited by Taiwan's
secret  service  while  abroad  in 1988, the official Xinhua News
Agency said.  It did not say why the two men were abroad.

    Zhou  allegedly  recruited  three other men when he returned,
and  they  all  gave Taiwan information about the democracy move-
ment, Xinhua said.

    Zhou  was  sentenced to life in prison, Feng to 15 years, and
the others to terms ranging from 13 years to five years.

    Taiwan,  an  island province off China's east coast, has been
ruled  since 1949 by the Nationalists, who fled there after being
defeated  by  the  Communists  on  the mainland. The Nationalists
still claim to be the rightful rulers of all China.

5. North Korea Recalls and Sends Students to Re-education Camps
From: (Yagui Wei) yawei@ucs.indiana.edu
Source: (AP) News Date: 1 Mar 90

    SEOUL - Communist North Korea has summoned about 2,000 of its
students  and engineers from Eastern Europe and sent them to iso-
lated  rural areas to halt the spread of ''ideological taint,'' a
newspaper reported Thursday.

    The  Kookmin  Ilbo  newspaper  quoted South Korean government
sources  as  saying  the  students  and  engineers were held in a
re-education camp outside the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

    The  sources said the students and engineers were held for up
to two months before being sent to remote education facilities or

    The  North  Koreans were ordered to return from East Germany,
Romania,  Hun-  gary  and  three other Eastern European countries
undergoing democratic upheaval, the Seoul newspaper said.

    Popular  uprisings toppled hard-line Communist rulers in Bul-
garia,  Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania
last year.

    The  newspaper said North Korea also wants about 500 students
studying  in  the  Soviet  Union to return this year because pro-
democracy protests are now occuring there but authorities took no
action for fear of stirring a diplomatic conflict.

    North  Korea  has stated that it has no intention of changing
its  current  political  course  and that its society wouldn't be
affected by changes in Eastern Europe.

6. CND Help Recommend: China History TV Program

Are  you  a China expert? Or can you say with confidence that you
know  something  about China's history because you are a Chinese?
If  not,  have  your VCR ready. PBS (Channel 9 in Vancouver) will
air  an  interesting  four-part TV series starting March 13: "The
Genius  That  Was  China." It tells the story of China's rise and
fall in history and asks: "Will she be rising again?"

Hundreds of years ago when beginning to trade with the Europeans,
China  brought  on  an  internal  detate  over how to acquire the
fruits  of  Western technology and currency while still excluding
Western values. The debate continues today.

"The  problem  is  that the science and technology  that can make
you  richer  is  destabilizing", explained Tom Levenson, the film
producer,  "it  adds elements of change and is unpredictable. You
have  to have a political culture that at least can tolerate that
kind of built-in instability. And this is somethingthe Chinese in
their  imperial system never had and still don't have. ... People
thought  Deng Xiao- ping had taken China too far down the road to
return, but they were wrong."

In  "The  Genius  That  Was  China,"  Harvard  professor Roderick
MacFarquhar  states  that at least politically, change is inevit-
able. "In the end, only a military solution was possible for Deng
Xiaoping  and  his generation of leaders. After them, no one will
have  the  authority, and the system will not have the viability.
There  will  be  ridical  change, I believe, in a more democratic

Airing times: (read your TV Times for any changes)
NOVA:The Genius That Was China
     Rise of the Dragon, 7:00 pm Tuesday, March 13.
     Empires in Collision, 7:00 pm Tuesday, March 20.
     The Threat From Japan, 7:00 pm Tuesday, March 27.
     Will the Dragon Rise Again? 7:00 Tuesday, April 3.
|  China News Digest Subscription: (Xinmeng Liao) xliao@ccm.umanitoba.ca  |
|  China News Digest Executive Editor: (Bo Chi)   chi@vlsi.uwaterloo.edu  |
Thu Mar  1 12:40:11 EST 1990